dcsimg

Study Shows Unemployment Is Deadly, Especially For Men

April 6, 2011

Stressed out middle aged man Although research has shown that working long hours may increase one's chances of having a heart attack, another study is now telling us that not working at all is deadly.

LiveScience reported that McGill Sociology professor Eran Shor and other researchers analyzed existing data on 20 million people in 15 (mainly western) countries over the last 40 years and found that being unemployed increased the risk of premature death by 63 percent. Even when researchers controlled for pre-existing health conditions, such as heart problems or diabetes, and behaviors such as smoking and drinking, mortality rates were still high.

"What's interesting about our work is that we found that preexisting health conditions had no effect, suggesting that the unemployment-mortality relationship is quite likely a causal one," said Shor in International Business Times. Shor stated that unemployment causes stress and can negatively affect one's socioeconomic status, which in turn affects one's health, leading to a higher mortality rate.

According to The Vancouver Sun, lack of adequate health care coverage also had nothing to do with the higher mortality rates--the correlation between unemployment and higher chances of death was the same in all countries, even those with better health care systems.

Interestingly, noted International Business Times, unemployment increased men's mortality rates more than it did women's--78 percent versus 37 percent. Furthermore, the increased risk of premature death is particularly high for the unemployed who are under the age of 50.

While being unemployed can cause stress for both men and women, Shor speculated that the increased mortality risk for men could be attributed to their desire to be the primary breadwinner.

"We suspect that even today, not having a job is more stressful for men than for women," explained Shor. "When a man loses his job, it still often means that the family will become poorer and suffer in various ways, which in turn can have a huge impact on a man's health by leading to both increased smoking, drinking or eating and by reducing the availability of healthy nutrition and health care services."

To avoid such negative behaviors, Cincinnati psychologist Kenneth Manges told LiveScience that the unemployed should attend support groups, as they provide encouragement, emotional support and give those who are jobless a chance to interact with other people.

Shor added that public health agencies should also be intervening by promoting aggressive cardiovascular screening and increased education on how to reduce risk-taking behaviors.


Compiled by CityTownInfo.com Staff

Sources:

"Unemployment Proves Deadly, Health Study Finds," livescience.com, April 5, 2011, Chad Brooks

"Unemployment strongly linked to higher mortality risk: study," ibtimes.com, April 5, 2011

"Work isn't always a picnic, but unemployment is a killer," communities.canada.com, April 5, 2011, Darah Hansen

Career and Education News

Find a school near you

Our News Writers and Editors

CityTownInfo Writers and Editors

Follow CityTownInfo.com

Follow Us on Facebook
Follow Us on Twitter
Follow Us on Youtube

Career and College Resources on CityTownInfo

Real-World Career Reports

Career Stories from workers: daily activities, job tips, best/worst job aspects, training, etc.
Daily Career & Education News from our staff. We're an approved Google News provider!

Career References and Original Articles

Resource Center. A starting point for all CityTownInfo career and college resources.
Career Overviews of hundreds of careers: descriptions, salaries, forecasts, schools, more.
Best Careers Not Requiring Degrees: Good pay, job growth, low need for degrees.
Helpful Articles, many in "how-to" format; e.g., "How to Become a Chef".
Infographics covering employment and educational trends.

College Directories and Lists

These lists link to thousands of detailed school profiles.

Colleges by State. Nearly every college and trade school in the country.
Colleges Listed Alphabetically. About 7,000 colleges & trade schools, including online schools.
Colleges by Major City. Browse cities with multiple college options.
Online Colleges. Colleges with online degree programs.
Graduate Schools by State. Colleges offering graduate degree programs.
Graduate Schools by Major City. Find cities with multiple graduate school options.