Legal Careers, Degrees, Training, and Professions Information

Legal - Career Information

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Legal Career Overview

The complexities of our legal system require professionals with skills that are vast and varied. From the criminal investigators that discover criminal activity to the judges that are responsible for providing fair and just rulings, the legal system needs workers of all capacities to function and serve modern society.

However, because of budgetary constraints in federal, state, and local governments, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) predicts that employment in many of these careers could be limited over the next decade. The BLS does note, however, that employment for all legal positions combined is expected to surge by as much as 11 percent nationally from 2012 to 2022.

Although careers in this field can be quite different from another, they often have several tasks in common, including these:

  • Conducting research and uncovering truthful testimony
  • Ensuring that all legal workers act in accordance with the law
  • Dealing with legal documents in some capacity
  • Creating legal documents or documenting circumstances or facts
  • Interpreting laws, rules, and regulations
  • Upholding laws, rules, and regulations

Top Legal Careers (BLS, 2013)

Career Number of Workers Nationally in 2013 Job Description Degree Requirements
Lawyers 592,670 According to the BLS, lawyers provide legal representation to individuals, businesses, and government agencies involved in legal disputes. Lawyers typically spend at least 7 years of full-time study to earn a Bachelor's degree followed by a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from law school.
Paralegals and Legal Assistants 271,320 Paralegals and legal assistants work as assistants to lawyers. They conduct research, file legal paperwork, maintain and organize files, and draft legal documents. The BLS notes that most paralegals earn an Associate's degree in Paralegal studies. However, others earn a Bachelor's degree in a related field, then pursue a Certificate program in Paralegal Studies.
Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators 6,830 These professionals use their skills and expertise to resolve conflicts outside of the court system with consent from all parties. A Bachelor's degree in any field is often the starting point for this career, although experience in negotiation is helpful. Some positions in this field require a Master's degree or graduate degree.
Judges and Hearing Officers 27,190 According to the BLS, judges oversee the legal process through every level of the court system. They hear cases, examine evidence, and issue legal decisions. Judges must complete 7 years of full-time study earning a Bachelor's degree followed by a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from law school. Most judges and hearing officers are appointed to or elected into their positions.
Court Reporters 19,200 Court reporters create word-for-word accounts of trials and other court proceedings. They may use special equipment such as audio and recording devices. Court reporters typically learn the jobs at trade or technical schools. Most often, they earn a Certificate or Associate's degree in Court Reporting.

Legal Career Education 

Legal careers typically begin with some type of postsecondary education at one of the many colleges and universities that offer these programs. The following table uses data from the BLS to outline the different degree and certificate options in this field, and what kind of career they may help you qualify for:

Degree Type Timeline for Completion Possible Careers
Certificate Although timelines vary considerably depending on the program you choose, many Certificate programs can be completed in one year or less. Paralegals and Legal Assistants, Court Reporters, Legal Support Workers, Legal Secretaries
Associate Associate degrees can typically be completed with two years of full-time study. However, programs completed on a part-time basis may take longer. Paralegals and Legal Assistants, Court Reporters, Legal Support Workers, Legal Secretaries
Bachelor's Bachelor's degree programs typically take four years of full-time study to complete. Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators
Graduate or Professional Students can earn a graduate or professional degree such as a Juris Doctor (J.D.) in as little as 2-3 years upon earning a Bachelor's degree. Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators,Lawyers, Judges and Hearing Officers


"Bureau of Labor Statistics," May 2013 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates, http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_nat.htm

"Bureau of Labor Statistics," Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition" Lawyers, http://www.bls.gov/ooh/legal/lawyers.htm#tab-1

"Bureau of Labor Statistics," Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition" Paralegals and Legal Assistants, http://www.bls.gov/ooh/legal/paralegals-and-legal-assistants.htm#tab-1

"Bureau of Labor Statistics," Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition" Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators, http://www.bls.gov/ooh/legal/arbitrators-mediators-and-conciliators.htm#tab-1

"Bureau of Labor Statistics," Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition" Judges and Hearing Officers, http://www.bls.gov/ooh/legal/judges-and-hearing-officers.htm

"Bureau of Labor Statistics," Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition"

Schools for Legal are listed in the column to the left.

Careers and Salary Data

This table shows summary data on occupations in the US. Clicking on any occupation name brings you to a page showing job prospects and salaries for that occupation in hundreds of metro areas across the country, with data updated through 2022.(Where data is denoted by an asterisk (*), summary info was not available.

Click each Occupation title for more details.


Occupation Jobs
Median Pay
% Growth
Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators 6,300     $59,770     9.2%
Court Reporters 17,700     $51,320     1.5%
Judges and Hearing Officers 14,540     $92,110     -3.6%
Lawyers 619,530     $118,160     5.6%
Legal Secretaries 191,200     $44,180     -4.1%
Legal Support Workers 44,960     $54,650     -0.4%
Paralegals and Legal Assistants 277,310     $49,500     7.6%
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