Anthropologists and Archeologists

Anthropologists study the origin and cultural, social, and physical development of humans. They study the traditions, values, beliefs and possessions of people and societies throughout the world and create hypothesis based on their research. They typically specialize in physical anthropology, cultural anthropology, archaeology or linguistics.

They advise government agencies, communities and private organizations regarding proposed plans, programs and policies and their potential impact on organizations, cultural institutions and communities.

Cultural anthropologists examine the cultures of communities. They study the customs and behavior of a community's citizens. Cultural anthropologists evaluate various aspects of a society including a society's religion, music and how they take care of their senior citizens. They gather information and attempt to make conclusions about a society's ways of life.

Physical anthropologists study the physical development of the human species. They examine how heredity and environment influences humans. Physical anthropologists study the geographical distribution of the physical characteristics of humans.

Linguistic anthropologists analyze the evolution of languages and the relationships between languages. They attempt to explain how a community's language relates to the ways a society's citizens act and think.

Archeologists attempt to discover the history, living habits and customs of earlier human civilizations. They document, analyze and interpret objects including homes, clothing, tools and art from former human civilizations. Archeologists often excavate objects from the ground. They are sometimes asked to perform a survey when ground will be disturbed during a project. They work in labs, the field and in classrooms.


  • Develop and test theories regarding the origin and development of cultures from the past
  • Gather information and make judgements through interviews, observation and evaluating documents
  • Compare findings among different sites to learn the similarities and differences
  • Describe artifacts' physical properties
  • Write, publish and present reports
  • Evaluate objects and structures and identify, data and authenticate objects and interpret their significance
  • Write about research findings
  • Construct and test data gathering methods

Job Characteristics

They work in the field, classroom settings, labs and museums. Some jobs in anthropology require travel and being away from home for long periods of time.

Employment Outlook

The employment growth for anthropologists and archeologists is projected to be much faster than the average for all occupations from 2008 to 2018. The median annual earnings in 2008 for anthropologists and archeologists was $53,910.

Education, Certification, and Licensing

A bachelor's degree in archaeology or anthropology is the minimum requirement for an anthropologist or archeologist job. However, many employers prefer candidates that have a master's degree or a Ph.D. Many teachings positions in colleges and universities require a Ph.D.


Major Employers

The major employers are colleges, universities, museums and government agencies.

Schools for Anthropologists And Archaeologists are listed in the Browse Schools Section.

Metro Areas Sorted by Total Employment for:
Anthropologists and Archaeologists

Listed below are metro areas sorted by the total number of people employed in Anthropologists and Archaeologists jobs , as of 2015

Source: 2015 Occupational Employment Statistics and 2014-24 Employment Projections, Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS.gov.

Metro Area (Alaska) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Anchorage 60 $79,550
Metro Area (Arizona) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Scottsdale 130 $70,630
Mesa 130 $70,630
Phoenix 130 $70,630
Tucson 60 $75,600
Metro Area (California) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Long Beach 380 $-1,111
Los Angeles 380 $-1,111
Anaheim 380 $-1,111
San Diego 250 $62,680
Carlsbad 250 $62,680
San Francisco 210 $60,510
Oakland 210 $60,510
Hayward 210 $60,510
Arcade 110 $70,470
Sacramento 110 $70,470
Roseville 110 $70,470
Arden 110 $70,470
Ontario -2222 $58,560
Riverside -2222 $58,560
San Bernardino -2222 $58,560
Thousand Oaks -2222 $70,890
Oxnard -2222 $70,890
Ventura -2222 $70,890
Metro Area (Colorado) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Lakewood 120 $65,050
Aurora 120 $65,050
Denver 120 $65,050
Metro Area (Florida) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Clearwater 30 $44,040
St. Petersburg 30 $44,040
Tampa 30 $44,040
Jacksonville -2222 $49,630
Metro Area (Georgia) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Roswell -2222 $69,490
Sandy Springs -2222 $69,490
Atlanta -2222 $69,490
Metro Area (Hawaii) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Urban Honolulu 110 $74,960
Metro Area (Idaho) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Idaho Falls 40 $60,820
Metro Area (Indiana) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Anderson 30 $49,570
Carmel 30 $49,570
Indianapolis 30 $49,570
Metro Area (Kentucky) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Fayette 30 $47,710
Lexington 30 $47,710
Metro Area (Louisiana) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Baton Rouge 50 $37,990
Metairie 50 $62,100
New Orleans 50 $62,100
Metro Area (Maryland) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Towson 120 $62,320
Columbia 120 $62,320
Baltimore 120 $62,320
Metro Area (Nevada) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Reno 70 $60,440
Paradise 60 $49,890
Henderson 60 $49,890
Las Vegas 60 $49,890
Metro Area (New Mexico) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Albuquerque 100 $60,070
Santa Fe 60 $48,430
Farmington 40 $51,240
Las Cruces 30 $56,010
Metro Area (North Carolina) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Chapel Hill 30 $46,220
Durham 30 $46,220
Metro Area (North Dakota) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Bismarck -2222 $62,480
Metro Area (Ohio) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Columbus 40 $51,110
Metro Area (Oregon) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Eugene -2222 $76,900
Metro Area (South Carolina) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Columbia 40 $47,970
Metro Area (Tennessee) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Franklin 50 $48,300
Murfreesboro 50 $48,300
Davidson 50 $48,300
Nashville 50 $48,300
Metro Area (Texas) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
The Woodlands 100 $92,370
Houston 100 $92,370
Sugar Land 100 $92,370
Round Rock 90 $57,200
Austin 90 $57,200
Fort Worth 60 $69,310
Dallas 60 $69,310
Arlington 60 $69,310
Metro Area (Utah) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Clearfield 30 $57,820
Ogden 30 $57,820
Salt Lake City 30 $61,730
Metro Area (Washington) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Bellevue 90 $71,800
Tacoma 90 $71,800
Seattle 90 $71,800
Tumwater 30 $57,860
Olympia 30 $57,860
Metro Area (Wisconsin) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Madison 30 $47,450

Most Popular Industries for :
Anthropologists and Archaeologists

Industries representing at least 1% of total jobs for the occupation.

Source: 2015 Occupational Employment Statistics and 2014-24 Employment Projections, Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS.gov.

Industry Jobs Percent Annual Median Salary
Professional And Technical Services 2,940 57% $48,350
Government 1,600 31% $63,970
Education 300 5% $44,350
Museums And Historic Attractions 160 3% $56,900
Office Services And Staffing 100 1% $48,020
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