Arbitrators prevent and solve disputes between organizations and people. An arbitrator evaluates evidence and applies policies, laws and regulations in order to make a decision. Arbiters assist in negotiations. The participants that hire the services of an arbitrator are required to agree to follow the arbitrators final decision. Their services are an alternative to using law suits for settling disputes.

Arbitrators are typically lawyers or businesspersons that have expertise in a specific field. Some specialize in the field of labor arbitration and bind management and labor to specific terms and conditions of a labor contract.

Mediators help people resolve disputes. Mediators may represent one or both parties in a dispute. Mediators represent businesses, labor unions, government and people involved in divorce and custody battles. They provide suggestions, however the two parties make the final decision.


  • Talk to people in order to learn the needs, concerns and interests of the participants
  • Collect information and evidence in order to understand the issues and possible outcomes
  • They should not favor one participant over the other participant
  • Make sure everyone involved understands the arbitration process
  • Coordinate meetings and hearings
  • Study similar disputes in order to make a decision
  • Interview witnesses
  • Determine if exceptions and evidence will be allowed

Job Characteristics

They should have strong morals and ethics. They also need good speaking and writing skills. Since they make decisions that are legally binding they need to be accurate in their work. Arbiters deal with all types of people.

Employment Outlook

The projected job growth is expected to be average for arbitrators from 2006 to 2016. Law firms will be one of the fastest growing sectors for arbitrators. A lot of people choose to settle out of court since arbitration typically costs less which increases the demand for arbiters. In addition, the median annual earnings for arbitrators, mediators and conciliators in 2008 was $50,650.

Education, Certification, and Licensing

Typically, arbitrators have earned a bachelor's degree or higher. Bachelor's degrees in business, public policy and social work are beneficial. Law degrees and master's degrees in conflict resolution are useful in the profession.

Numerous universities provide a master's degree in arbitration and conflict resolution. Professional associations provide specific training. Experience in law and business can help prepare a candidate for an arbitrator career.

Local and state governments typically require a bachelor's degree. Each state has its own requirements. Some states require an arbitrator to be an experienced lawyer.

Helpful courses for the occupation are law studies, consumer law, business law, public speaking and psychology.


Major Employers

The top job providers are local and state government agencies, law offices, and political, labor and business organizations.

Schools for Arbitrators And Mediators are listed in the Browse Schools Section.

Metro Areas Sorted by Total Employment for:
Arbitrators and Mediators

Listed below are metro areas sorted by the total number of people employed in Arbitrators and Mediators jobs , as of 2015

Source: 2015 Occupational Employment Statistics and 2014-24 Employment Projections, Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS.gov.

Metro Area (Arizona) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Scottsdale 250 $36,370
Mesa 250 $36,370
Phoenix 250 $36,370
Tucson N/A $36,580
Metro Area (California) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Oakland 140 $100,140
Hayward 140 $100,140
San Francisco 140 $100,140
Arden 70 $86,710
Arcade 70 $86,710
Roseville 70 $86,710
Sacramento 70 $86,710
San Bernardino 60 $65,010
Ontario 60 $65,010
Riverside 60 $65,010
Anaheim N/A $57,000
Long Beach N/A $57,000
Los Angeles N/A $57,000
San Diego N/A $78,940
Carlsbad N/A $78,940
Metro Area (Florida) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
West Palm Beach 90 $42,260
Miami 90 $42,260
Fort Lauderdale 90 $42,260
St. Petersburg 60 $70,210
Clearwater 60 $70,210
Tampa 60 $70,210
Kissimmee N/A $56,170
Orlando N/A $56,170
Sanford N/A $56,170
Metro Area (Georgia) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Roswell 150 $55,040
Sandy Springs 150 $55,040
Atlanta 150 $55,040
Metro Area (Indiana) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Anderson 40 $50,430
Carmel 40 $50,430
Indianapolis 40 $50,430
Metro Area (Iowa) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
West Des Moines N/A $54,080
Des Moines N/A $54,080
Metro Area (Maryland) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Towson 60 $48,690
Columbia 60 $48,690
Baltimore 60 $48,690
Metro Area (Michigan) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Wyoming N/A $52,160
Grand Rapids N/A $52,160
Metro Area (New York) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Troy 90 $82,700
Schenectady 90 $82,700
Albany 90 $82,700
Metro Area (Ohio) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Elyria 50 $77,860
Cleveland 50 $77,860
Metro Area (Pennsylvania) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Pittsburgh 70 $60,090
Carlisle 30 $71,900
Harrisburg 30 $71,900
Metro Area (Puerto Rico) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Caguas 80 $36,530
Carolina 80 $36,530
San Juan 80 $36,530
Metro Area (Tennessee) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Franklin 40 $42,800
Murfreesboro 40 $42,800
Davidson 40 $42,800
Nashville 40 $42,800
Metro Area (Texas) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Sugar Land 150 $72,560
Houston 150 $72,560
The Woodlands 150 $72,560
Austin 130 $48,830
Round Rock 130 $48,830
Arlington 90 $43,980
Dallas 90 $43,980
Fort Worth 90 $43,980
Metro Area (Washington) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Bellevue 100 $72,310
Tacoma 100 $72,310
Seattle 100 $72,310
Metro Area (Wisconsin) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Madison 30 $46,640

Most Popular Industries for :
Arbitrators and Mediators

Industries representing at least 1% of total jobs for the occupation.

Source: 2015 Occupational Employment Statistics and 2014-24 Employment Projections, Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS.gov.

Industry Jobs Percent Annual Median Salary
Government 2,620 28% $60,110
Insurance 2,400 25% $41,840
Professional And Technical Services 2,300 24% $47,550
Non-profit 1,420 15% $56,790
Business Management 210 2% $86,380
Office Services And Staffing 130 1% $65,190
Social Service 120 1% $30,460
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We have some additional detailed pages at the state level for Arbitrators and Mediators.

Numbers in parentheses are counts of relevant campus-based schools in the state; online schools may also be available.

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