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Clinical Psychologists picture    Clinical Psychologists image

Clinical psychologists assess, diagnose, treat, prevent and alleviate the discomfort of mental disorders. Clinical psychologists help emotionally and mentally distressed patients adapt to life. They also promote personal development and help their clients deal with difficult situations. In addition, clinical psychologists also treat patients dealing with severe psychiatric disorders. Some clinical psychologists help patients deal with diseases or surgeries.

Clinical psychologists focus on the emotional, psychological, biological, intellectual, social and behavioral elements of human lives. Clinical psychologists are involved in psychotherapy, behavior therapy, psychoanalyses and biofeedback. They also provide cognitive retraining and rehabilitation.

Some clinical psychologists provide therapy in a variety of areas and some have specialties. Specialties include families and relationships, emotional disturbances, sports, geriatrics and health psychology. Some clinical psychologists focus on adults or children.

Clinical psychologists also perform research, help develop mental health public policy, develop programs, evaluate mental health delivery systems and participate in other activities which promote mental health.

Responsibilities

  • Keep detailed records of diagnosis, goals, and treatment notes
  • Make behavioral assessments
  • Administer and evaluate tests regarding a patients mental disorder
  • Interview patients
  • Consult with doctors and specialists to develop and implement treatment plans
  • Consult with doctors and psychiatrists regarding medications for their patients

Job Characteristics

The work environment varies by the type of employment and the specialty. Psychologists that have their own practice create their own work schedule and have an office. Private practice psychologists often work in the evenings and sometimes on the weekends to accommodate their patients. Those that have positions in hospitals and healthcare facilities typically work in shifts. Psychologists that are employed by schools and clinics usually work standard daytime hours. Those that work for government agencies and industry have structured work schedules.

Clinical psychologists should be sensitive, compassionate, have patience and perseverance, and be emotionally stable. Those involved in research need to be proficient with detailed work and be able to work well as part of team. In addition, clinical psychologists are sometimes required to travel to perform research or attend conferences.

Employment Outlook

In 2006, there were approximately 166,000 psychologists jobs. The government has projected a 15 percent growth rate for psychologist positions from 2006 through 2016 which is higher than the average for all other types of employment. However, the growth rate will vary by specialty. The demand for those specializing in working with the elderly is expected to grow at a fast pace due to the growth in the number of senior citizens.

Those with doctoral degrees in psychology from a prominent university in a specialty such as health, counseling and school psychologists have the best prospects for employment. Psychologists with extensive training in quantitative research methods and computer science have an advantage over others for research positions. Clinical psychologists also have opportunities to teach at colleges and medical schools.

The median annual wage and salary for clinical, school and counseling psychologists in 2006 was $59,440. The highest 10 percent earned over $102,730 and the lowest 10 percent earned less than $35,280.

Clinical Psychology Programs, Certification, and Licensing

Completion of a doctoral or a master's degree program and a license are necessary for clinical psychologists to practice. Usually a doctoral degree is required in order to practice independently. Those with a doctoral degree are eligible to teach, perform research and work in a variety of clinical positions. Typically, clinical psychologists have four to six years of graduate training after earning a bachelor's degree.

About half of clinical psychologists are trained in Ph.D. programs that focus on research and the other half are trained in Psy.D. programs which emphasize practicing clinical psychology. Some schools provide master's degrees in clinical psychology which typically take between two and three years to complete.

Those with a master's degree in psychology are qualified to be employed as industrial-organizational psychologists. They're also eligible to perform research or make psychological evaluations of patients under the supervision of psychologists that hold a doctoral degree.

Clinical psychologists must have a license to practice in the United States. Most states allow licensed or certified psychologists to only practice in areas where they have acquired professional competence through training and experience. Each state has its own qualifications, however the common features among the states include having the appropriate degree from an accredited school and passing a written examination. Some states also require psychologists pass an oral examination.

The Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology is required to be taken in most states. Numerous states require additional examinations such as jurisprudence (mental health law). Most of the states also require clinical psychologists to earn continuing education credits each year in order to renew their license. Credits may be earned by taking approved workshops or taking classes. In addition, in most states a specialist degree is necessary to work as a school psychologist.

The American Board of Professional Psychology offers numerous specialty certificates. A doctorate in psychology, post-doctoral training in the applicant's specialty, professional endorsements and several years of experience are required for certification.

Resources

Major Employers

Some of the major employers are mental health services facilities, hospitals, counseling centers, colleges, substance abuse centers and managed healthcare companies. Other significant employers include schools, medical systems and government agencies.

Schools for Clinical Psychologists are listed in the Browse Schools Section.

Metro Areas Sorted by Total Employment for:
Clinical Psychologists

Listed below are metro areas sorted by the total number of people employed in Clinical Psychologists jobs , as of 2015

Source: 2015 Occupational Employment Statistics and 2014-24 Employment Projections, Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS.gov.

     
Metro Area (Alabama) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Birmingham 220 $47,920
Hoover 220 $47,920
Montgomery 80 $48,640
Mobile 60 $56,720
Tuscaloosa 50 $66,720
     
Metro Area (Alaska) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Anchorage 100 $74,520
     
Metro Area (Arizona) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Mesa 1720 $59,580
Scottsdale 1720 $59,580
Phoenix 1720 $59,580
Tucson 420 $46,550
Flagstaff 50 $57,940
Yuma 40 $57,180
Prescott 40 $66,370
     
Metro Area (Arkansas) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Conway 220 $58,350
North Little Rock 220 $58,350
Little Rock 220 $58,350
Jonesboro 40 $54,340
     
Metro Area (California) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Long Beach 6780 $81,430
Anaheim 6780 $81,430
Los Angeles 6780 $81,430
Hayward 3120 $86,910
San Francisco 3120 $86,910
Oakland 3120 $86,910
Ontario 1520 $95,060
Riverside 1520 $95,060
San Bernardino 1520 $95,060
San Diego 1510 $80,000
Carlsbad 1510 $80,000
Arcade 1170 $96,680
Arden 1170 $96,680
Sacramento 1170 $96,680
Roseville 1170 $96,680
Fresno 710 $88,430
Sunnyvale 560 $90,440
Santa Clara 560 $90,440
San Jose 560 $90,440
Modesto 280 $57,010
Santa Rosa 280 $59,910
Lodi 270 $98,210
Stockton 270 $98,210
Vallejo 270 $111,590
Fairfield 270 $111,590
Thousand Oaks 260 $83,960
Oxnard 260 $83,960
Ventura 260 $83,960
Bakersfield 230 $92,040
San Luis Obispo 230 $103,120
Paso Robles 230 $103,120
Arroyo Grande 230 $103,120
Salinas 230 $115,530
Hanford 120 $114,100
Corcoran 120 $114,100
Visalia 110 $97,340
Porterville 110 $97,340
Napa 90 $113,590
Watsonville 70 $81,360
Santa Cruz 70 $81,360
El Centro 40 $90,390
Yuba City 30 $84,920
Santa Maria N/A $88,640
Santa Barbara N/A $88,640
Merced N/A $89,640
     
Metro Area (Colorado) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Denver 1500 $76,880
Aurora 1500 $76,880
Lakewood 1500 $76,880
Colorado Springs 400 $64,310
Boulder 240 $68,280
Fort Collins 110 $75,530
Greeley 80 $70,120
Grand Junction 40 $81,870
     
Metro Area (Connecticut) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Hartford 710 $86,040
East Hartford 710 $86,040
West Hartford 710 $86,040
Bridgeport 430 $86,820
Norwalk 430 $86,820
Stamford 430 $86,820
New Haven 410 $88,120
Danbury 60 $83,740
Waterbury 60 $85,590
     
Metro Area (Delaware) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Dover 50 $81,580
     
Metro Area (Florida) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Miami 970 $70,070
Fort Lauderdale 970 $70,070
West Palm Beach 970 $70,070
Clearwater 380 $70,900
St. Petersburg 380 $70,900
Tampa 380 $70,900
Sanford 330 $59,740
Kissimmee 330 $59,740
Orlando 330 $59,740
Jacksonville 240 $63,850
Tallahassee 120 $55,950
Melbourne 60 $58,430
Titusville 60 $58,430
Palm Bay 60 $58,430
Fort Myers 60 $69,360
Cape Coral 60 $69,360
Winter Haven 60 $73,440
Lakeland 60 $73,440
Ormond Beach 40 $56,520
Daytona Beach 40 $56,520
Deltona 40 $56,520
Ferry Pass 40 $60,780
Pensacola 40 $60,780
Brent 40 $60,780
North Port 40 $65,460
Bradenton 40 $65,460
Sarasota 40 $65,460
Port St. Lucie N/A $63,510
     
Metro Area (Georgia) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Roswell 1330 $66,250
Atlanta 1330 $66,250
Sandy Springs 1330 $66,250
Athens 90 $66,630
Clarke County 90 $66,630
Savannah 50 $73,340
Dalton 50 $81,200
Macon 40 $59,820
     
Metro Area (Hawaii) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Urban Honolulu 620 $70,910
     
Metro Area (Idaho) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Boise City 190 $49,760
Idaho Falls 80 $50,780
Coeur d'Alene N/A $81,730
     
Metro Area (Illinois) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Springfield 90 $45,730
Bloomington 80 $70,660
Rockford 80 $74,470
Peoria 70 $78,960
Kankakee 60 $75,470
Marion 50 $48,820
Carbondale 50 $48,820
Urbana 40 $76,950
Champaign 40 $76,950
Decatur 30 $57,210
     
Metro Area (Indiana) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Anderson 400 $64,040
Carmel 400 $64,040
Indianapolis 400 $64,040
Fort Wayne 70 $57,230
Muncie 50 $51,430
Terre Haute 40 $59,630
Kokomo N/A $38,980
Lafayette N/A $71,880
West Lafayette N/A $71,880
     
Metro Area (Iowa) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
West Des Moines 180 $70,080
Des Moines 180 $70,080
Iowa City 80 $72,720
Waterloo 30 $90,220
Cedar Falls 30 $90,220
Cedar Rapids N/A $63,050
     
Metro Area (Kansas) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Wichita 260 $59,610
Topeka 100 $58,800
Lawrence 60 $56,700
Manhattan 30 $62,070
     
Metro Area (Kentucky) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Lexington 150 $59,240
Fayette 150 $59,240
Bowling Green 50 $60,480
Fort Knox 40 $62,980
Elizabethtown 40 $62,980
     
Metro Area (Louisiana) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Metairie 130 $106,690
New Orleans 130 $106,690
Lake Charles 30 $48,170
Lafayette 30 $48,250
Baton Rouge N/A $73,320
     
Metro Area (Maine) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Portland 90 $63,600
South Portland 90 $63,600
Bangor 40 $86,810
     
Metro Area (Maryland) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Baltimore 1010 $67,460
Towson 1010 $67,460
Columbia 1010 $67,460
Lexington Park N/A $85,860
California N/A $85,860
     
Metro Area (Massachusetts) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
New Bedford 220 $57,510
Barnstable Town 130 $67,880
Leominster 70 $66,860
Gardner 70 $66,860
Pittsfield N/A $62,480
     
Metro Area (Michigan) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Warren 1210 $69,630
Detroit 1210 $69,630
Dearborn 1210 $69,630
Wyoming 360 $61,370
Grand Rapids 360 $61,370
East Lansing 180 $73,850
Lansing 180 $73,850
Flint 120 $58,170
Ann Arbor 120 $72,370
Kalamazoo 90 $70,920
Portage 90 $70,920
Battle Creek 60 $50,170
Jackson 60 $75,020
Muskegon 40 $56,400
Niles 30 $57,140
Benton Harbor 30 $57,140
Saginaw 30 $67,670
     
Metro Area (Minnesota) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Rochester 120 $75,840
Mankato 100 $55,000
North Mankato 100 $55,000
St. Cloud 70 $77,730
     
Metro Area (Mississippi) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Jackson 220 N/A
Pascagoula 80 $45,690
Biloxi 80 $45,690
Gulfport 80 $45,690
     
Metro Area (Missouri) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Columbia 40 $56,790
Jefferson City 40 $70,710
Springfield N/A $82,650
     
Metro Area (Montana) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Missoula 70 $29,290
Billings 50 $70,240
     
Metro Area (Nebraska) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Lincoln 110 $65,630
     
Metro Area (Nevada) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Paradise 300 $64,510
Henderson 300 $64,510
Las Vegas 300 $64,510
Reno 100 $83,440
     
Metro Area (New Hampshire) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Manchester 60 $62,450
     
Metro Area (New Jersey) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Trenton 340 $88,180
Atlantic City 120 $85,620
Hammonton 120 $85,620
Vineland 70 $76,240
Bridgeton 70 $76,240
Ocean City 40 $82,420
     
Metro Area (New Mexico) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Albuquerque 600 $60,910
Las Cruces 190 $66,470
     
Metro Area (New York) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Rochester 630 $67,030
Albany 580 $75,980
Troy 580 $75,980
Schenectady 580 $75,980
Niagara Falls 520 $66,960
Cheektowaga 520 $66,960
Buffalo 520 $66,960
Syracuse 520 $68,570
Utica 170 $81,470
Rome 170 $81,470
Ithaca 110 $50,900
Binghamton 100 $74,150
Glens Falls 70 $68,970
Kingston 60 $81,870
Fort Drum 50 $75,760
Watertown 50 $75,760
Elmira 50 $77,110
     
Metro Area (North Carolina) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Raleigh 580 $55,890
Durham 340 N/A
Chapel Hill 340 N/A
Winston 230 $47,960
Salem 230 $47,960
Asheville 150 $54,750
Greensboro 140 $64,340
High Point 140 $64,340
Greenville 110 $55,070
Wilmington 100 $53,880
Fayetteville 80 $49,910
Morganton 60 N/A
Hickory 60 N/A
Lenoir 60 N/A
Jacksonville 40 $69,660
     
Metro Area (Ohio) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Cleveland 720 $72,710
Elyria 720 $72,710
Columbus 590 $70,350
Akron 230 $70,630
Toledo 170 $67,040
Dayton 150 $71,560
Massillon 80 $69,150
Canton 80 $69,150
Springfield N/A $84,000
     
Metro Area (Oklahoma) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Oklahoma City 350 $46,910
Tulsa 260 $47,150
Lawton 30 $54,400
     
Metro Area (Oregon) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Salem 230 $76,400
Eugene 210 $66,860
Corvallis 40 $63,140
Medford 30 $61,160
     
Metro Area (Pennsylvania) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Pittsburgh 710 $56,840
Lancaster 270 $65,260
Carlisle 270 $71,030
Harrisburg 270 $71,030
Reading 200 $55,390
York 130 $62,570
Hanover 130 $62,570
Scranton 100 $68,450
Wilkes 100 $68,450
Barre 100 $68,450
Hazleton 100 $68,450
Lebanon 90 $68,740
Johnstown 80 $57,560
Erie 50 $60,560
Gettysburg 40 N/A
State College 30 $56,860
Chambersburg 30 $64,340
Waynesboro 30 $64,340
Altoona N/A $62,140
Bloomsburg N/A $81,260
Berwick N/A $81,260
     
Metro Area (Puerto Rico) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Caguas 200 $40,090
Carolina 200 $40,090
San Juan 200 $40,090
     
Metro Area (South Carolina) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Greenville 190 $47,060
Mauldin 190 $47,060
Anderson 190 $47,060
Columbia 170 $65,290
Charleston 110 $57,960
North Charleston 110 $57,960
Spartanburg 60 $62,810
     
Metro Area (South Dakota) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Rapid City 100 N/A
Sioux Falls 90 $81,810
     
Metro Area (Tennessee) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Franklin 390 $67,160
Murfreesboro 390 $67,160
Davidson 390 $67,160
Nashville 390 $67,160
Knoxville 190 $68,490
     
Metro Area (Texas) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Fort Worth 1580 $62,510
Dallas 1580 $62,510
Arlington 1580 $62,510
The Woodlands 1230 $61,670
Sugar Land 1230 $61,670
Houston 1230 $61,670
San Antonio 630 $57,500
New Braunfels 630 $57,500
Round Rock 570 $57,660
Austin 570 $57,660
Waco 110 $51,000
McAllen 110 $61,710
Mission 110 $61,710
Edinburg 110 $61,710
College Station 100 $48,840
Bryan 100 $48,840
Lubbock 90 $58,120
El Paso 70 $55,020
Corpus Christi 70 $61,520
Temple 70 $61,720
Killeen 70 $61,720
Amarillo 60 $53,430
Abilene 50 $47,990
Longview 50 $57,120
Wichita Falls 40 $57,550
     
Metro Area (Utah) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Salt Lake City 590 $57,150
Provo 490 $65,540
Orem 490 $65,540
Ogden 170 $61,390
Clearfield 170 $61,390
St. George 60 $62,460
     
Metro Area (Vermont) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
South Burlington 90 $66,890
Burlington 90 $66,890
     
Metro Area (Virginia) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Richmond 410 $64,310
Roanoke 130 $57,640
Waynesboro 100 $91,970
Staunton 100 $91,970
Charlottesville 70 $68,370
Lynchburg 40 $65,230
     
Metro Area (Washington) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Seattle 1080 $68,130
Tacoma 1080 $68,130
Bellevue 1080 $68,130
Spokane 160 $67,640
Spokane Valley 160 $67,640
Tumwater 90 $62,260
Olympia 90 $62,260
Yakima 90 $64,630
Bremerton 60 $64,210
Silverdale 60 $64,210
Kennewick 50 $63,170
Richland 50 $63,170
Bellingham 30 $68,430
     
Metro Area (West Virginia) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Charleston 150 $44,140
Vienna 30 $48,940
Parkersburg 30 $48,940
     
Metro Area (Wisconsin) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Milwaukee 560 $79,020
Waukesha 560 $79,020
West Allis 560 $79,020
Madison 480 $66,530
Green Bay 70 $65,490
Appleton 60 $57,560
Eau Claire 60 $64,210
Oshkosh 60 $82,390
Neenah 60 $82,390
Fond du Lac 40 N/A
Janesville 40 $81,920
Beloit 40 $81,920
Wausau N/A $68,550
     
Metro Area (Wyoming) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Cheyenne 70 $91,030

Career Stories (Job Profiles) for Clinical Psychologists

To find out more about building a career as Clinical Psychologists, we spoke with professionals in the field across a variety of specialties. Learn about their experiences on the job, the steps they took to complete their education, and what it takes to excel in this industry. Click the link to see a story.

All Types

Most Popular Industries for :
Clinical Psychologists

Industries representing at least 1% of total jobs for the occupation.

Source: 2015 Occupational Employment Statistics and 2014-24 Employment Projections, Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS.gov.

Industry Jobs Percent Annual Median Salary
Education 46,390 47% $64,410
Medical Office 19,180 19% $65,810
Hospital 9,210 9% $70,240
Government 8,910 9% $64,160
Social Service 8,030 8% $55,310
Nursing And Residential Care 3,460 3% $53,200
Office Services And Staffing 1,140 1% $72,400
Professional And Technical Services 1,020 1% $70,010
These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
 
Results:  10
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Programs
  • Clinical Psychology (PsyD)
  • Psychology (BA)
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Alameda
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Programs
  • Bachelor of Arts in Applied Psychology/Clinical Psychology
  • Associate of Arts in Applied Psychology
  • Bachelor of Arts in Applied Psychology
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Programs
  • M.A. Clinical Psychology, Marital and Family Therapy Specialization
  • Psy.D. Applied Clinical Psychology
  • M.S. Applied Behavior Analysis
  • Pursue a certificate, master, or doctorate degree in Psychology at The Chicago School for Professional Psychology.
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Irvine
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Programs
  • AA in Psychology
  • BS in Psychology
  • Liberty University provides a world-class education with a solid Christian foundation, equipping men and women with the values, knowledge, and skills essential for success in every aspect of life.

Programs
  • Psychology - BA
  • General Psychology - PhD of Psychology
  • Mental Health Policy and Practice - Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology
  • Earn your graduate degree online with Northcentral University.

Programs
  • MA in Psychology, General Psychology
  • MA in Psychology, Health and Wellness Psychology
  • Join the community of thought leaders at University of the Rockies. Pursue your graduate degree from the University’s School of Professional Psychology or School of Organizational Leadership.

Programs
  • Bachelor of Arts in Psychology
  • For over 35 years, Keiser University has provided student-centered, quality career education. Keiser University Online offers degree programs online to prepare students for in-demand professions.

Programs
  • Bachelor of Arts in Psychology
  • Pursue your education at Ohio Christian University.
Programs
  • Online Master of Science in Applied Psychology
  • One of the world's leading private research institutions, the University of Southern California (USC) was founded in 1880.

Programs
  • Master of Arts in Counseling - School Counseling
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CityTownInfo Career and College Resources

We have some additional detailed pages at the state level for Clinical Psychologists.

Numbers in parentheses are counts of relevant campus-based schools in the state; online schools may also be available.

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