Computer and Information Sciences Degree Programs and Schools

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Computer And Information Scientists - Career Information

Computer and Information Scientists

Computer and information scientists work as researchers, inventors or as theorists. They deal with complex problems, they develop new technology and work with applications from a high level of expertise and innovation.

A computer and information scientist is often searching for new ways to utilize computers to meet the needs of users. Their work requires a high level of knowledge of computer theory and application. Some of the common job titles are scientific programmer analysts, computer scientist and control system computer scientist.

Some computer and information scientists are involved with programming-language design and hardware design. They also develop solutions for problems in the field of computer software and hardware. Some in the occupation work with complex theories. Computer and information scientists also work on projects such as designing robots and extending human-computer interaction.

Computer science researchers, employed by colleges and universities, typically have the opportunity to focus on pure theory while computer science researchers employed by companies usually are involved with projects that may produce patents and profits. However, there are some researchers working in non-academic environments that are given considerable freedom to determine the focus of their research.


  • Apply innovation and theory to develop or apply new technology
  • Perform analysis of scientific, business, engineering and other technical problems
  • Analyze computer hardware and software problems and develop solutions
  • Consult with others to determine computer requirements
  • Help develop organizational policies, goals and procedures
  • Assess feasibility issues of project plans and proposals
  • Participate in staff decisions

Job Characteristics

Computer scientists usually work in offices or laboratories. They usually work 40 hours a week. Telecommuting is increasingly popular for many computer professionals. Computer and information scientists sometimes work as part of a team with electrical engineers and other specialists. They should have strong analytical and problem solving skills. They also need good communication skills and should be detail-oriented.

Employment Outlook

Employment for computer scientists is projected by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to grow by 37 percent between 2006 and 2016 which is much faster than average for all occupations. Computers continue to become more central to business functions and more complicated technology is being utilized in most types of businesses and organizations which increases the demand for computer scientists.

In 2006 the median annual earnings for computer and information scientists was $93,950. The highest paid 10 percent earned more than $144,880.

Computer and information scientists have opportunities to advance into project leadership or managerial positions. Some in the occupation that hold advanced degrees decide to leave private industry for an academic position.

Education, Certification, and Licensing

Most computer scientist jobs require a Ph.D since their primary function is research. Computer scientists that have earned only a bachelor's degree or a master's degree usually have limited advancement opportunities. Job seekers can improve their chances of getting a job by earning certifications. Certifications are provided by various organizations associated with computer specialists.

Due to continual advances in technology many computer and information scientists choose to continue their study at colleges and universities, at professional development seminars, with programs offered by software and hardware vendors and from other sources. Scientifically based companies and organizations often look for a candidate that has a background in physical sciences, engineering or mathematics.


Major Employers

The major employers are the computer systems design and related services industry, computer and electronic product manufacturers, financial institutions, the government, Internet services providers, web search portals, hosting and related services firms, colleges and universities, and insurance companies.

Schools for Computer And Information Scientists are listed in the Browse Schools Section.

The Top Cities tab shows employment statistics for Computer and Information Scientists by major metro area.

The Top Industries tab shows which industries have the most jobs for Computer and Information Scientists, along with salary data by industry.

The Browse Schools tab lets you search for schools by field of study, degree level, and location.

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Metro Areas Rated for Popularity for:
Computer and Information Scientists

Listed below are metro areas ranked by the popularity of jobs for Computer and Information Scientists relative to the population of the city, as of 2008. Salary data was obtained from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

A Relative Popularity of 1.0 means that the city has an average number of the particular job, for its population, compared to the rest of the US. Higher numbers mean proportionally more jobs of that type.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

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Career Stories (Job Profiles) for Computer and Information Scientists

To find out more about building a career as Computer And Information Scientists, we spoke with professionals in the field across a variety of specialties. Learn about their experiences on the job, the steps they took to complete their education, and what it takes to excel in this industry. Click the link to see a story.

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Most Popular Industries (as of 2008) for:
Computer and Information Scientists

Industries representing at least 1% of total jobs for the occupation.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Industry Jobs Percent Salary
Professional And Technical Services 12,220 48% $99,100
Government 5,380 21% $93,660
Traditional Publishing 2,810 11% $108,380
Education 1,530 6% $65,200
Durable Goods Wholesale 1,140 4% $118,270
Electronics And Computer 820 3% $107,350
Telecommunications 480 1% $119,230
Business Management 280 1% $102,100
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quickinfoThese schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles).

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You've found Ashford University, where school comes to you. Earn your bachelor's or master's degree online.

  • Programs: BA/Business Information Systems, MBA - Information Systems, BA/Public Relations and Marketing - Information Systems, more...
  • Degrees: Bachelor, Master

Liberty University provides a world-class education with a solid Christian foundation, equipping men and women with the values, knowledge, and skills essential for success in every aspect of life.

  • Programs: Doctor of Business Administration in Information Systems, Undergraduate Certificate in Web Development , DBA in Project Management, more...
  • Degrees: Doctorate, Certificate, Associate
Platt College
Anaheim, Riverside

Turn your talents into a career at nationally recognized and accredited Platt College.

  • Programs: Software Development Coding, Information Technology Associate's Degree, Business Management
  • Degrees: Certificate, Associate
ABCO Technology
Los Angeles

ABCO Technology is an accredited computer training academy that offers diploma programs for individual students, professionals and companies to learn different areas of Information technology and seek gainful employment.

  • Programs: Computer Science , Programming, Programming and Web Development, more...
  • Degrees: Certificate

Earn your graduate degree online with Northcentral University.

  • Programs: Applied Computer Science - PhD in Bus. Admin., Management Information Systems - D.B.A., Computer & Information Security - PhD in Bus. Admin., more...
  • Degrees: Doctorate
Unitek College
Fremont, Sacramento, San Jose

Unitek College™ is a privately held vocational school dedicated to helping you gain the skills needed to advance your career or begin a brand new career. 

  • Programs: Information Technology
  • Degrees: Certificate

Since 1888, The University of Scranton has grounded its education in Catholic and Jesuit principles based on intellectual growth and integrity, all of which shape the online master’s and certificate programs.

  • Programs: Online General MBA
  • Degrees: Master
San Joaquin Valley College
Bakersfield, Delano, Hanford, Hesperia, Lancaster, Madera, Ontario, Salida, Temecula, Visalia

San Joaquin Valley College - A Private Junior College.

  • Programs: Certificate - Business Administration (Management), Degree - Business Administration (Management), Degree - Computer Systems Administration
  • Degrees: Certificate, Associate

Change the World with American University

Be a part of something bigger than yourself.

  • Programs: Master of Science in Measurement & Evaluation, Master of Science in Sports Analytics Management
  • Degrees: Master

Iowa Wesleyan University is a transformational learning community whose passion is to educate, empower and inspire students to lead meaningful lives and careers.

  • Programs: Bachelor of Science in Business Administration
  • Degrees: Bachelor
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Computer and Information Sciences Schools by State

We have some additional detailed pages at the state level for Computer and Information Scientists.

Numbers in parentheses are counts of relevant campus-based schools in the state; online schools may also be available.