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Construction And Building Inspectors picture    Construction And Building Inspectors image

Construction and Building Inspectors

Construction and building inspectors examine the construction, repair or alterations of buildings, dams, bridges, sewer and water systems, highways and streets and other types of structures to make sure they comply with building codes and ordinances, contract specifications and zoning regulations. Building codes and standards are utilized to assure the health and safety of the public. Many inspectors investigate the construction or alterations being performed without the necessary permits.

Construction and building inspectors make their first inspection during the initial phase of the construction project. They perform additional inspections throughout the construction process to check for compliance with regulations.

Building inspectors evaluate the structural quality and safety of buildings. Inspectors visit the project site before the foundation is poured. They visit throughout the construction process and make a thorough inspection after the project has been completed. Building inspectors also check for fire safety. Some building inspectors have a speciality such as structural steel buildings.

Home inspectors perform inspections of newly constructed homes, previously owned houses, apartments, condominiums and manufactured homes. They are often hired by potential home buyers to evaluate the condition of the house. They evaluate structural quality and all the systems and features of the home. They check for and report violations of building codes, however home inspectors do not have the authority to enforce compliance with codes.

Plumbing inspectors evaluate piping systems to ensure the health and safety of the drinking water system. They also inspect the sanitary disposal of waste and chemical process piping for industrial uses.

Electrical inspectors evaluate the installation of electrical systems and equipment to make sure they are in compliance with electrical codes and standards and function properly. They visit project sites and examine items such as appliances, heating and air conditioning systems, lighting, security systems and sound systems.

Public works inspectors make sure that local, state and federal government highways, streets, water and sewer systems, bridges and dams comply with contract specifications. Some pubic work inspectors have a specialty such as reinforced concrete.

Elevator inspectors evaluate lifting and conveying devises including elevators, escalators, ski lifts, amusement rides and moving sidewalks.

Mechanical inspectors examine the installation of mechanical components in structures such as commercial kitchen appliances and heating and air-conditioning equipment to make sure they are installed and functioning properly.

Responsibilities

  • Make sure building sites adhere to building codes, safety standards and specifications
  • Review and interpret plans
  • Issue violation notices and stop-work orders
  • Inspect structures and ensure they comply with regulations
  • Ensure installation of systems and equipment comply with regulations and function properly
  • Provide approval and sign plans that meet specifications
  • Keep inspection records

Job Characteristics

Construction and building inspectors typically work alone. However, large projects may be evaluated by several inspectors. Although they spend a lot of their time at construction sites they also work in a field office evaluating blueprints, writing reports and other tasks. They may have to crawl around in tight spaces and climb ladders. Inspectors usually have standard work hours. Non-government inspectors, particularly self-employed inspectors may have a varied work schedule.

Employment Outlook

The Bureau of Labor Statistics forecast a 17 percent growth in employment of construction and building inspectors from 2008 to 2018 which is faster than average for all occupations. Issues including green and sustainable design will also increase the demand for construction and building inspectors.

The median annual salary for construction and building inspectors in 2008 was $50,180. The highest paid 10 percent earned more than $78,070. Regarding the sectors employing the largest number of construction and building inspectors, the federal executive branch had the highest median annual salary. Building inspectors, including plan examiners, usually earn the highest salaries.

An applicant's employment opportunities may be enhanced by becoming a member of a nationally recognized inspection association. The International Code Council and many other professional associations provide certifications in a variety of specialties. Supervisory positions often require a degree in architecture or engineering.

Education, Certification, and Licensing

Employers prefer applicants that have experience as an electrician or a plumber or in another trade and also have formal training. Most employers require candidates to have at least a high school diploma, including applicants that have extensive experience. They typically seek candidates that have studied architecture or engineering.

Those with degrees from community colleges that have completed courses in home inspection, building inspection, drafting and construction technology also have opportunities for employment. A number of community colleges provide associate degree and certificate programs in building inspection technology.

The training requirements vary by the state and the type of the inspector. Typically, inspectors acquire much of their training on the job. They're trained by an experienced inspector.

Many local jurisdictions and states require some type of license or certification for construction and building inspectors. Requirements may vary by local municipality and state. Requirements for licensure or certification usually require a minimum education level, such as a high school diploma, previous experience and passing a state approved examination. Home inspectors, in some states, are required to obtain a state issued license or certification.

Resources

Major Employers

The top employers are municipal and county building departments and architectural and engineering firms.

Schools for Construction And Building Inspectors are listed in the Browse Schools Section.

Metro Areas Sorted by Total Employment for:
Construction and Building Inspectors

Listed below are metro areas sorted by the total number of people employed in Construction and Building Inspectors jobs , as of 2016

2016 Occupational Employment Statistics and 2014-24 Employment Projections, Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS.gov; 2014-24 State Occupational Projections, Projections Central, projectionscentral.com

     
Metro Area (Alabama) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Birmingham 410 $57,890
Hoover 410 $57,890
Huntsville 220 $55,120
Mobile 110 $47,790
Montgomery 100 $49,520
Tuscaloosa 50 N/A
Decatur 30 $51,650
     
Metro Area (Alaska) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Anchorage N/A $90,380
     
Metro Area (Arizona) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Mesa 1340 $59,900
Phoenix 1340 $59,900
Scottsdale 1340 $59,900
Tucson 310 $48,480
Prescott 110 $49,410
Flagstaff 80 $46,030
Kingman 60 $46,010
Lake Havasu City 60 $46,010
Yuma 60 $46,640
Sierra Vista 40 $46,160
Douglas 40 $46,160
     
Metro Area (Arkansas) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Conway 280 $40,230
North Little Rock 280 $40,230
Little Rock 280 $40,230
Hot Springs 30 $37,250
     
Metro Area (California) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Long Beach 3330 $83,960
Los Angeles 3330 $83,960
Anaheim 3330 $83,960
San Francisco 2360 $99,130
Hayward 2360 $99,130
Oakland 2360 $99,130
Carlsbad 1120 $74,480
San Diego 1120 $74,480
Riverside 1000 $85,980
San Bernardino 1000 $85,980
Ontario 1000 $85,980
Arcade 680 $80,240
Roseville 680 $80,240
Sacramento 680 $80,240
Arden 680 $80,240
San Jose 560 $91,180
Santa Clara 560 $91,180
Sunnyvale 560 $91,180
Fairfield 280 $64,830
Vallejo 280 $64,830
Bakersfield 180 $72,740
Oxnard 180 $77,480
Ventura 180 $77,480
Thousand Oaks 180 $77,480
Fresno 100 $60,040
Modesto 90 $72,320
Santa Rosa 90 $78,470
Lodi 80 $77,930
Stockton 80 $77,930
Santa Barbara 80 $79,120
Santa Maria 80 $79,120
Salinas 70 $48,960
Visalia 40 $66,950
Porterville 40 $66,950
Watsonville 40 $84,280
Santa Cruz 40 $84,280
San Luis Obispo 30 $57,960
Paso Robles 30 $57,960
Arroyo Grande 30 $57,960
Yuba City 30 $59,690
Chico N/A $89,120
     
Metro Area (Colorado) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Aurora 1030 $67,410
Denver 1030 $67,410
Lakewood 1030 $67,410
Colorado Springs 190 $63,000
Greeley 130 $70,800
Boulder 70 $60,400
Pueblo 50 $53,920
Grand Junction 40 $54,730
Fort Collins N/A $75,380
     
Metro Area (Connecticut) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
West Hartford 300 $70,130
East Hartford 300 $70,130
Hartford 300 $70,130
Bridgeport 250 $70,410
Stamford 250 $70,410
Norwalk 250 $70,410
New Haven 200 $71,730
Danbury 50 $54,440
     
Metro Area (Delaware) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Dover 70 $54,270
     
Metro Area (Florida) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
West Palm Beach 2440 $64,140
Miami 2440 $64,140
Fort Lauderdale 2440 $64,140
St. Petersburg 880 $51,730
Clearwater 880 $51,730
Tampa 880 $51,730
Kissimmee 570 $57,370
Orlando 570 $57,370
Sanford 570 $57,370
Jacksonville 390 $55,510
North Port 310 $47,330
Bradenton 310 $47,330
Sarasota 310 $47,330
Cape Coral 260 $54,800
Fort Myers 260 $54,800
Daytona Beach 190 $46,420
Deltona 190 $46,420
Ormond Beach 190 $46,420
Tallahassee 170 $58,020
Panama City 160 $55,370
Port St. Lucie 150 $50,660
Crestview 140 $62,710
Fort Walton Beach 140 $62,710
Destin 140 $62,710
Titusville 130 $37,590
Melbourne 130 $37,590
Palm Bay 130 $37,590
Naples 120 $56,390
Immokalee 120 $56,390
Marco Island 120 $56,390
Lakeland 100 $52,150
Winter Haven 100 $52,150
Ocala 70 $49,940
Gainesville 70 $54,840
Punta Gorda 60 $49,710
Homosassa Springs 40 $62,080
Ferry Pass N/A $52,900
Brent N/A $52,900
Pensacola N/A $52,900
Sebastian N/A $57,110
Vero Beach N/A $57,110
     
Metro Area (Georgia) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Roswell 1300 $51,430
Sandy Springs 1300 $51,430
Atlanta 1300 $51,430
Savannah 70 $47,280
     
Metro Area (Hawaii) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Urban Honolulu 610 $62,020
Lahaina 30 $53,000
Wailuku 30 $53,000
Kahului 30 $53,000
     
Metro Area (Idaho) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Boise City 160 $48,140
Coeur d'Alene 40 $49,780
     
Metro Area (Illinois) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Kankakee 80 $41,240
Peoria 70 $38,420
Rockford 60 $60,050
Champaign 50 $63,400
Urbana 50 $63,400
     
Metro Area (Indiana) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Indianapolis 570 $45,150
Anderson 570 $45,150
Carmel 570 $45,150
Fort Wayne 50 $54,500
Bloomington 40 $53,730
     
Metro Area (Iowa) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Des Moines 140 $64,070
West Des Moines 140 $64,070
Ames 50 $66,970
Iowa City 30 $65,550
Cedar Rapids N/A $52,770
Dubuque N/A $58,140
     
Metro Area (Kansas) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Wichita 130 $51,020
Topeka 60 $56,370
     
Metro Area (Kentucky) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Fayette 170 $48,590
Lexington 170 $48,590
Fort Knox 40 $50,600
Elizabethtown 40 $50,600
Bowling Green N/A $45,250
     
Metro Area (Louisiana) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Baton Rouge 350 $60,930
Metairie 180 $53,380
New Orleans 180 $53,380
Lake Charles 120 $65,710
Bossier City 60 $41,640
Shreveport 60 $41,640
     
Metro Area (Maine) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
South Portland 90 $52,440
Portland 90 $52,440
Auburn 40 $38,390
Lewiston 40 $38,390
Bangor 40 $48,140
     
Metro Area (Maryland) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Baltimore 1640 $55,440
Towson 1640 $55,440
Columbia 1640 $55,440
Lexington Park N/A $55,320
California N/A $55,320
     
Metro Area (Massachusetts) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Barnstable Town 150 $57,130
     
Metro Area (Michigan) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Detroit 1130 $57,480
Dearborn 1130 $57,480
Warren 1130 $57,480
Grand Rapids 190 $53,150
Wyoming 190 $53,150
East Lansing 100 $63,090
Lansing 100 $63,090
Ann Arbor 80 $68,730
Portage 50 $51,150
Kalamazoo 50 $51,150
Saginaw 50 $72,140
Battle Creek 40 $63,370
Monroe N/A $44,650
     
Metro Area (Mississippi) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Pascagoula 100 $47,760
Biloxi 100 $47,760
Gulfport 100 $47,760
Jackson 80 $48,580
     
Metro Area (Missouri) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Springfield 100 $47,490
Jefferson City 80 $53,520
Joplin 30 $38,660
Columbia 30 $49,120
     
Metro Area (Montana) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Billings 70 $32,470
Great Falls 40 $50,170
Missoula N/A $29,720
     
Metro Area (Nebraska) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Lincoln 80 $52,530
     
Metro Area (Nevada) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Paradise 480 $78,330
Henderson 480 $78,330
Las Vegas 480 $78,330
Reno 200 $73,100
     
Metro Area (New Hampshire) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Manchester 60 $49,130
     
Metro Area (New Jersey) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Trenton 540 $72,120
Atlantic City 140 $73,300
Hammonton 140 $73,300
Vineland 60 $57,110
Bridgeton 60 $57,110
Ocean City 60 $62,470
     
Metro Area (New Mexico) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Albuquerque 220 $46,650
Las Cruces 60 $47,420
Farmington 50 $60,820
Santa Fe 40 $50,190
     
Metro Area (New York) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Niagara Falls 500 $55,700
Buffalo 500 $55,700
Cheektowaga 500 $55,700
Rochester 480 $59,090
Albany 390 $63,590
Schenectady 390 $63,590
Troy 390 $63,590
Syracuse 300 $54,290
Utica 160 $46,200
Rome 160 $46,200
Kingston 90 $46,450
Binghamton 90 $53,450
Fort Drum 70 $53,180
Watertown 70 $53,180
Glens Falls 40 $48,590
Ithaca 40 $55,850
     
Metro Area (North Carolina) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Raleigh 880 $50,380
Greensboro 250 $54,480
High Point 250 $54,480
Asheville 200 $47,410
Chapel Hill 150 $49,630
Durham 150 $49,630
Salem 140 $43,440
Winston 140 $43,440
Wilmington 140 $46,170
Fayetteville 120 $54,890
Hickory 80 $45,890
Lenoir 80 $45,890
Morganton 80 $45,890
Greenville 80 $55,860
New Bern 70 $42,280
Jacksonville 50 $53,590
     
Metro Area (North Dakota) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Bismarck 40 $45,220
     
Metro Area (Ohio) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Elyria 800 $51,640
Cleveland 800 $51,640
Columbus 590 $59,320
Dayton 140 $62,470
Akron 120 $56,100
Canton 80 $54,640
Massillon 80 $54,640
Toledo 70 $52,990
     
Metro Area (Oklahoma) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Oklahoma City 820 $52,380
Tulsa 440 $38,160
Lawton 50 $37,540
     
Metro Area (Oregon) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Eugene 80 $59,480
Salem 70 $66,040
Redmond 50 $66,030
Bend 50 $66,030
Albany 40 $44,840
     
Metro Area (Pennsylvania) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Pittsburgh 1450 $48,920
Carlisle 390 $51,780
Harrisburg 390 $51,780
Hazleton 340 $41,660
Barre 340 $41,660
Scranton 340 $41,660
Wilkes 340 $41,660
Johnstown 180 $47,020
Hanover 140 $52,050
York 140 $52,050
Lancaster 110 $62,750
Williamsport 100 $46,020
Erie 100 $46,960
Altoona 100 $54,030
State College 70 $57,370
Reading 60 $48,880
East Stroudsburg 30 $45,070
Chambersburg N/A $66,950
Waynesboro N/A $66,950
     
Metro Area (Puerto Rico) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Caguas 300 $27,890
Carolina 300 $27,890
San Juan 300 $27,890
Ponce 40 $19,170
     
Metro Area (South Carolina) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Charleston 230 $52,350
North Charleston 230 $52,350
Columbia 180 $51,960
Mauldin 110 $42,170
Anderson 110 $42,170
Greenville 110 $42,170
Spartanburg 40 $40,540
Beaufort 40 $43,560
Bluffton 40 $43,560
Hilton Head Island 40 $43,560
     
Metro Area (South Dakota) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Sioux Falls 120 $49,030
Rapid City 30 $40,410
     
Metro Area (Tennessee) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Franklin 650 $47,170
Murfreesboro 650 $47,170
Davidson 650 $47,170
Nashville 650 $47,170
Knoxville 150 $49,280
Jackson 30 $39,440
     
Metro Area (Texas) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Sugar Land 2310 $58,840
Houston 2310 $58,840
The Woodlands 2310 $58,840
Arlington 2010 $51,280
Dallas 2010 $51,280
Fort Worth 2010 $51,280
Austin 820 $56,300
Round Rock 820 $56,300
San Antonio 490 $53,870
New Braunfels 490 $53,870
El Paso 150 $47,450
Beaumont 130 $59,820
Port Arthur 130 $59,820
Corpus Christi 120 $52,480
Brownsville 90 $38,940
Harlingen 90 $38,940
Killeen 90 $46,940
Temple 90 $46,940
Mission 70 $37,930
Edinburg 70 $37,930
McAllen 70 $37,930
Waco 70 $38,730
Odessa 60 $52,270
Amarillo 50 $50,170
Longview 50 $50,850
Lubbock 50 $56,710
Abilene 40 $54,080
Laredo 30 $40,880
Wichita Falls N/A $59,550
     
Metro Area (Utah) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Salt Lake City 470 $57,340
Clearfield 150 N/A
Ogden 150 N/A
Orem 140 $59,100
Provo 140 $59,100
St. George 40 $54,180
     
Metro Area (Vermont) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
South Burlington 70 $46,050
Burlington 70 $46,050
     
Metro Area (Virginia) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Richmond 760 $54,310
Charlottesville 80 $55,740
Roanoke 70 $48,250
Lynchburg 60 $55,190
Radford 40 $51,070
Blacksburg 40 $51,070
Christiansburg 40 $51,070
Waynesboro 40 $53,020
Staunton 40 $53,020
     
Metro Area (Washington) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Tacoma 1860 $77,310
Seattle 1860 $77,310
Bellevue 1860 $77,310
Spokane 130 $59,140
Spokane Valley 130 $59,140
Bellingham 110 $64,700
Olympia 110 $69,970
Tumwater 110 $69,970
Kennewick 100 $67,710
Richland 100 $67,710
Walla Walla 80 $73,070
Yakima 60 $58,730
Mount Vernon 60 $82,200
Anacortes 60 $82,200
Bremerton 50 $68,600
Silverdale 50 $68,600
Wenatchee 30 $62,810
     
Metro Area (West Virginia) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Charleston 80 $43,600
Morgantown 30 $45,860
     
Metro Area (Wisconsin) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
West Allis 480 $56,400
Waukesha 480 $56,400
Milwaukee 480 $56,400
Madison 100 $58,380
Beloit 60 $41,890
Janesville 60 $41,890
Green Bay 40 $60,260
Neenah 30 $51,080
Oshkosh 30 $51,080
Racine 30 $56,370
     
Metro Area (Wyoming) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Cheyenne 70 $45,330
Casper 40 $38,840

Most Popular Industries for :
Construction and Building Inspectors

Industries representing at least 1% of total jobs for the occupation.

2016 Occupational Employment Statistics and 2014-24 Employment Projections, Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS.gov; 2014-24 State Occupational Projections, Projections Central, projectionscentral.com

Industry Jobs Percent Annual Median Salary
Government 54,710 57% $50,320
Professional And Technical Services 31,040 32% $49,600
Construction 2,430 2% $57,620
Construction Trades 1,430 1% N/A
Civil Engineering 1,370 1% $51,930
Office Services And Staffing 1,090 1% $45,710
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