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Construction And Building Inspectors picture    Construction And Building Inspectors image

Construction and Building Inspectors

Construction and building inspectors examine the construction, repair or alterations of buildings, dams, bridges, sewer and water systems, highways and streets and other types of structures to make sure they comply with building codes and ordinances, contract specifications and zoning regulations. Building codes and standards are utilized to assure the health and safety of the public. Many inspectors investigate the construction or alterations being performed without the necessary permits.

Construction and building inspectors make their first inspection during the initial phase of the construction project. They perform additional inspections throughout the construction process to check for compliance with regulations.

Building inspectors evaluate the structural quality and safety of buildings. Inspectors visit the project site before the foundation is poured. They visit throughout the construction process and make a thorough inspection after the project has been completed. Building inspectors also check for fire safety. Some building inspectors have a speciality such as structural steel buildings.

Home inspectors perform inspections of newly constructed homes, previously owned houses, apartments, condominiums and manufactured homes. They are often hired by potential home buyers to evaluate the condition of the house. They evaluate structural quality and all the systems and features of the home. They check for and report violations of building codes, however home inspectors do not have the authority to enforce compliance with codes.

Plumbing inspectors evaluate piping systems to ensure the health and safety of the drinking water system. They also inspect the sanitary disposal of waste and chemical process piping for industrial uses.

Electrical inspectors evaluate the installation of electrical systems and equipment to make sure they are in compliance with electrical codes and standards and function properly. They visit project sites and examine items such as appliances, heating and air conditioning systems, lighting, security systems and sound systems.

Public works inspectors make sure that local, state and federal government highways, streets, water and sewer systems, bridges and dams comply with contract specifications. Some pubic work inspectors have a specialty such as reinforced concrete.

Elevator inspectors evaluate lifting and conveying devises including elevators, escalators, ski lifts, amusement rides and moving sidewalks.

Mechanical inspectors examine the installation of mechanical components in structures such as commercial kitchen appliances and heating and air-conditioning equipment to make sure they are installed and functioning properly.

Responsibilities

  • Make sure building sites adhere to building codes, safety standards and specifications
  • Review and interpret plans
  • Issue violation notices and stop-work orders
  • Inspect structures and ensure they comply with regulations
  • Ensure installation of systems and equipment comply with regulations and function properly
  • Provide approval and sign plans that meet specifications
  • Keep inspection records

Job Characteristics

Construction and building inspectors typically work alone. However, large projects may be evaluated by several inspectors. Although they spend a lot of their time at construction sites they also work in a field office evaluating blueprints, writing reports and other tasks. They may have to crawl around in tight spaces and climb ladders. Inspectors usually have standard work hours. Non-government inspectors, particularly self-employed inspectors may have a varied work schedule.

Employment Outlook

The Bureau of Labor Statistics forecast a 17 percent growth in employment of construction and building inspectors from 2008 to 2018 which is faster than average for all occupations. Issues including green and sustainable design will also increase the demand for construction and building inspectors.

The median annual salary for construction and building inspectors in 2008 was $50,180. The highest paid 10 percent earned more than $78,070. Regarding the sectors employing the largest number of construction and building inspectors, the federal executive branch had the highest median annual salary. Building inspectors, including plan examiners, usually earn the highest salaries.

An applicant's employment opportunities may be enhanced by becoming a member of a nationally recognized inspection association. The International Code Council and many other professional associations provide certifications in a variety of specialties. Supervisory positions often require a degree in architecture or engineering.

Education, Certification, and Licensing

Employers prefer applicants that have experience as an electrician or a plumber or in another trade and also have formal training. Most employers require candidates to have at least a high school diploma, including applicants that have extensive experience. They typically seek candidates that have studied architecture or engineering.

Those with degrees from community colleges that have completed courses in home inspection, building inspection, drafting and construction technology also have opportunities for employment. A number of community colleges provide associate degree and certificate programs in building inspection technology.

The training requirements vary by the state and the type of the inspector. Typically, inspectors acquire much of their training on the job. They're trained by an experienced inspector.

Many local jurisdictions and states require some type of license or certification for construction and building inspectors. Requirements may vary by local municipality and state. Requirements for licensure or certification usually require a minimum education level, such as a high school diploma, previous experience and passing a state approved examination. Home inspectors, in some states, are required to obtain a state issued license or certification.

Resources

Major Employers

The top employers are municipal and county building departments and architectural and engineering firms.

Schools for Construction And Building Inspectors are listed in the Browse Schools Section.

Metro Areas Sorted by Total Employment for:
Construction and Building Inspectors

Listed below are metro areas sorted by the total number of people employed in Construction and Building Inspectors jobs , as of 2015

Source: 2015 Occupational Employment Statistics and 2014-24 Employment Projections, Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS.gov.

     
Metro Area (Alabama) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Birmingham 390 $54,140
Hoover 390 $54,140
Huntsville 170 $54,610
Mobile 120 $46,750
Montgomery 120 $48,080
Tuscaloosa 50 $45,710
Decatur 30 $52,060
     
Metro Area (Alaska) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Anchorage 200 $87,320
Fairbanks 30 N/A
     
Metro Area (Arizona) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Scottsdale 1390 $58,090
Mesa 1390 $58,090
Phoenix 1390 $58,090
Tucson 320 $47,210
Prescott 120 $47,380
Flagstaff 90 $44,300
Lake Havasu City 60 $42,930
Kingman 60 $42,930
Yuma 50 N/A
Douglas 30 $45,050
Sierra Vista 30 $45,050
     
Metro Area (Arkansas) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Conway 210 $39,030
North Little Rock 210 $39,030
Little Rock 210 $39,030
     
Metro Area (California) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Anaheim 2830 $83,880
Long Beach 2830 $83,880
Los Angeles 2830 $83,880
San Francisco 2140 $92,860
Hayward 2140 $92,860
Oakland 2140 $92,860
Carlsbad 1100 $76,140
San Diego 1100 $76,140
Riverside 900 $76,810
Ontario 900 $76,810
San Bernardino 900 $76,810
Arcade 660 $77,180
Sacramento 660 $77,180
Roseville 660 $77,180
Arden 660 $77,180
San Jose 440 $90,430
Sunnyvale 440 $90,430
Santa Clara 440 $90,430
Fairfield 290 $63,010
Vallejo 290 $63,010
Ventura 210 $72,960
Thousand Oaks 210 $72,960
Oxnard 210 $72,960
Bakersfield 180 $62,630
Fresno 100 $57,610
Santa Maria 80 $76,740
Santa Barbara 80 $76,740
Stockton 80 $81,200
Lodi 80 $81,200
Salinas 70 $48,800
Modesto 70 $60,400
Santa Rosa 70 $72,830
Santa Cruz 60 $78,060
Watsonville 60 $78,060
San Luis Obispo 50 $63,770
Arroyo Grande 50 $63,770
Paso Robles 50 $63,770
Napa 40 $92,710
Yuba City 30 $58,140
Chico 30 $66,980
     
Metro Area (Colorado) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Aurora 1110 $67,610
Lakewood 1110 $67,610
Denver 1110 $67,610
Colorado Springs 230 $65,620
Boulder 60 $58,310
Pueblo 50 $52,180
Fort Collins N/A $69,120
Greeley N/A $84,030
     
Metro Area (Connecticut) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
East Hartford 400 $73,780
West Hartford 400 $73,780
Hartford 400 $73,780
New Haven 210 $67,330
Norwalk 160 $75,110
Stamford 160 $75,110
Bridgeport 160 $75,110
     
Metro Area (Delaware) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Dover 90 $54,590
     
Metro Area (Florida) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Miami 2010 $63,220
Fort Lauderdale 2010 $63,220
West Palm Beach 2010 $63,220
Tampa 900 $49,470
Clearwater 900 $49,470
St. Petersburg 900 $49,470
Kissimmee 530 $57,560
Sanford 530 $57,560
Orlando 530 $57,560
Jacksonville 400 $55,520
Fort Myers 280 $54,440
Cape Coral 280 $54,440
Sarasota 260 $47,910
Bradenton 260 $47,910
North Port 260 $47,910
Titusville 210 $45,490
Melbourne 210 $45,490
Palm Bay 210 $45,490
Port St. Lucie 170 $47,930
Deltona 160 $45,940
Daytona Beach 160 $45,940
Ormond Beach 160 $45,940
Tallahassee 160 $58,110
Ferry Pass 140 $49,540
Brent 140 $49,540
Pensacola 140 $49,540
Immokalee 130 $61,500
Marco Island 130 $61,500
Naples 130 $61,500
Fort Walton Beach 120 $58,090
Crestview 120 $58,090
Destin 120 $58,090
Lakeland 100 $49,440
Winter Haven 100 $49,440
Panama City 90 $54,940
Gainesville 70 $54,420
Vero Beach 60 $50,580
Sebastian 60 $50,580
Homosassa Springs 50 $57,430
Ocala N/A $65,790
     
Metro Area (Georgia) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Roswell 1380 $52,890
Atlanta 1380 $52,890
Sandy Springs 1380 $52,890
Savannah 120 $45,780
Clarke County 60 $46,880
Athens 60 $46,880
Gainesville 30 $41,320
     
Metro Area (Hawaii) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Urban Honolulu 510 $62,730
Lahaina 40 $52,270
Wailuku 40 $52,270
Kahului 40 $52,270
     
Metro Area (Idaho) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Boise City 160 $48,770
Idaho Falls 40 $46,740
Coeur d'Alene 40 $51,810
     
Metro Area (Illinois) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Peoria 70 $38,980
Urbana 70 $63,500
Champaign 70 $63,500
Kankakee 40 $52,790
Springfield 40 $60,270
Rockford 40 $66,240
     
Metro Area (Indiana) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Anderson 440 $47,120
Carmel 440 $47,120
Indianapolis 440 $47,120
Fort Wayne 50 $48,740
West Lafayette 30 $43,650
Lafayette 30 $43,650
     
Metro Area (Iowa) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
West Des Moines 160 $62,660
Des Moines 160 $62,660
Cedar Rapids 50 $51,940
Dubuque 40 $55,090
Iowa City 30 $57,140
     
Metro Area (Kansas) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Wichita 120 $48,800
Topeka 50 $54,030
     
Metro Area (Kentucky) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Fayette 180 $46,970
Lexington 180 $46,970
Fort Knox 30 $53,790
Elizabethtown 30 $53,790
     
Metro Area (Louisiana) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Baton Rouge 390 $56,220
Metairie 220 $53,660
New Orleans 220 $53,660
Lafayette 140 $51,740
Bossier City 80 $52,420
Shreveport 80 $52,420
Lake Charles 80 $67,140
     
Metro Area (Maine) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Portland 110 $49,730
South Portland 110 $49,730
Bangor 50 $49,550
     
Metro Area (Maryland) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Towson 1730 $54,280
Columbia 1730 $54,280
Baltimore 1730 $54,280
     
Metro Area (Massachusetts) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Barnstable Town 130 $54,560
New Bedford 30 $66,020
     
Metro Area (Michigan) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Dearborn 980 $55,180
Detroit 980 $55,180
Warren 980 $55,180
Grand Rapids 170 $48,520
Wyoming 170 $48,520
East Lansing 90 $61,120
Lansing 90 $61,120
Ann Arbor 80 $63,920
Portage 60 $40,950
Kalamazoo 60 $40,950
Battle Creek 50 $53,080
Bay City N/A $18,310
Saginaw N/A $68,960
     
Metro Area (Minnesota) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Rochester 30 $61,570
     
Metro Area (Mississippi) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Pascagoula 120 $45,160
Biloxi 120 $45,160
Gulfport 120 $45,160
Jackson 110 $41,940
     
Metro Area (Missouri) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Springfield 90 $46,770
Jefferson City 50 $52,000
Joplin 40 $41,260
Columbia 40 $51,490
     
Metro Area (Montana) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Billings 40 $48,060
Great Falls 40 $48,410
Missoula N/A $28,500
     
Metro Area (Nebraska) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Lincoln 90 $50,610
     
Metro Area (Nevada) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Paradise 530 $77,380
Henderson 530 $77,380
Las Vegas 530 $77,380
Reno 220 $67,330
     
Metro Area (New Hampshire) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Manchester 60 $53,030
     
Metro Area (New Jersey) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Trenton 550 $73,320
Atlantic City 120 $74,200
Hammonton 120 $74,200
Vineland 80 $51,670
Bridgeton 80 $51,670
Ocean City 70 $61,750
     
Metro Area (New Mexico) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Albuquerque 220 $46,510
Farmington 60 $58,050
Las Cruces 50 $46,850
Santa Fe 40 $55,700
     
Metro Area (New York) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Rochester 530 $57,420
Cheektowaga 510 $54,450
Buffalo 510 $54,450
Niagara Falls 510 $54,450
Albany 470 $63,720
Schenectady 470 $63,720
Troy 470 $63,720
Syracuse 330 $52,290
Utica 130 $48,180
Rome 130 $48,180
Binghamton 110 $48,760
Fort Drum 50 $53,700
Watertown 50 $53,700
Glens Falls 40 $46,810
Kingston 40 $46,810
Ithaca 40 $53,630
     
Metro Area (North Carolina) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Raleigh 670 $50,160
High Point 200 $53,910
Greensboro 200 $53,910
Asheville 180 $45,390
Chapel Hill 160 $45,120
Durham 160 $45,120
Wilmington 130 N/A
Winston 110 $44,810
Salem 110 $44,810
Fayetteville 110 $60,410
New Bern 70 $38,370
Morganton 70 $39,300
Lenoir 70 $39,300
Hickory 70 $39,300
Jacksonville 50 $48,440
Goldsboro 30 N/A
Greenville N/A $56,530
     
Metro Area (Ohio) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Elyria 840 $49,300
Cleveland 840 $49,300
Columbus 820 $55,110
Dayton 180 $59,420
Akron 100 $57,770
Toledo 70 $51,140
Canton 60 $54,770
Massillon 60 $54,770
     
Metro Area (Oklahoma) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Oklahoma City 440 $47,560
Tulsa 190 $42,310
Lawton 40 $39,960
     
Metro Area (Oregon) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Eugene 80 $61,360
Salem 70 $62,130
Redmond 60 $50,230
Bend 60 $50,230
Medford 50 $55,430
Corvallis 40 N/A
Albany N/A $54,280
     
Metro Area (Pennsylvania) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Pittsburgh 1590 $50,110
Harrisburg 360 $49,640
Carlisle 360 $49,640
Wilkes 310 $39,470
Barre 310 $39,470
Hazleton 310 $39,470
Scranton 310 $39,470
Johnstown 200 $46,380
Williamsport 120 $43,820
Altoona 100 $51,160
Hanover 100 $56,750
York 100 $56,750
Lancaster 80 $46,530
Erie 80 $52,290
State College 80 $61,200
Reading 60 $47,270
Chambersburg 50 $66,670
Waynesboro 50 $66,670
     
Metro Area (Puerto Rico) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Caguas 350 $26,730
Carolina 350 $26,730
San Juan 350 $26,730
Ponce 40 $18,660
     
Metro Area (South Carolina) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
North Charleston 180 $47,830
Charleston 180 $47,830
Columbia 140 $50,120
Mauldin 100 $42,920
Anderson 100 $42,920
Greenville 100 $42,920
Spartanburg 50 $45,760
     
Metro Area (South Dakota) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Sioux Falls 130 $52,070
Rapid City 30 $38,070
     
Metro Area (Tennessee) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Murfreesboro 570 $47,110
Franklin 570 $47,110
Davidson 570 $47,110
Nashville 570 $47,110
Knoxville 180 $47,740
Jackson 40 $38,700
     
Metro Area (Texas) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Arlington 2110 $50,580
Dallas 2110 $50,580
Fort Worth 2110 $50,580
Sugar Land 2030 $58,350
The Woodlands 2030 $58,350
Houston 2030 $58,350
Round Rock 870 $56,560
Austin 870 $56,560
New Braunfels 560 $54,230
San Antonio 560 $54,230
El Paso 160 $48,420
Corpus Christi 120 $50,230
Port Arthur 100 $52,290
Beaumont 100 $52,290
Harlingen 80 $37,290
Brownsville 80 $37,290
Waco 80 $40,390
Killeen 80 $46,160
Temple 80 $46,160
Edinburg 70 $38,930
McAllen 70 $38,930
Mission 70 $38,930
Lubbock 60 $51,570
Odessa 40 $45,580
Abilene 40 $53,010
Amarillo 30 $38,740
San Angelo 30 $45,070
     
Metro Area (Utah) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Salt Lake City 540 $60,140
Clearfield 160 N/A
Ogden 160 N/A
Provo 140 $57,140
Orem 140 $57,140
St. George 40 $51,860
     
Metro Area (Vermont) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
South Burlington 50 $46,570
Burlington 50 $46,570
     
Metro Area (Virginia) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Richmond 530 $53,020
Roanoke 110 $50,820
Charlottesville 80 $53,540
Lynchburg 70 $57,420
Blacksburg 40 $46,070
Christiansburg 40 $46,070
Radford 40 $46,070
Waynesboro 40 $50,930
Staunton 40 $50,930
     
Metro Area (Washington) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Tacoma 1360 $72,020
Seattle 1360 $72,020
Bellevue 1360 $72,020
Spokane 130 $56,260
Spokane Valley 130 $56,260
Bellingham 110 $49,910
Olympia 110 $69,990
Tumwater 110 $69,990
Richland 100 $65,220
Kennewick 100 $65,220
Walla Walla 70 N/A
Yakima 60 $59,540
Silverdale 60 $68,520
Bremerton 60 $68,520
Mount Vernon 60 $82,880
Anacortes 60 $82,880
Wenatchee 30 $62,110
     
Metro Area (West Virginia) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Charleston 70 $42,200
     
Metro Area (Wisconsin) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Milwaukee 370 $57,720
Waukesha 370 $57,720
West Allis 370 $57,720
Madison 170 $57,100
Green Bay 40 N/A
Janesville 40 $43,140
Beloit 40 $43,140
Neenah 40 $46,260
Oshkosh 40 $46,260
Racine 40 $52,170
Eau Claire 30 $50,210
     
Metro Area (Wyoming) Total Employment Annual Median Salary
Cheyenne 80 $40,710
Casper N/A $39,930

Most Popular Industries for :
Construction and Building Inspectors

Industries representing at least 1% of total jobs for the occupation.

Source: 2015 Occupational Employment Statistics and 2014-24 Employment Projections, Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS.gov.

Industry Jobs Percent Annual Median Salary
Government 54,710 57% $50,320
Professional And Technical Services 31,040 32% $49,600
Construction 2,430 2% $57,620
Construction Trades 1,430 1% N/A
Civil Engineering 1,370 1% $51,930
Office Services And Staffing 1,090 1% $45,710
These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
 
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We have some additional detailed pages at the state level for Construction and Building Inspectors.

Numbers in parentheses are counts of relevant campus-based schools in the state; online schools may also be available.

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