Introduction to Auburn, Alabama

The Alabama city of Auburn sits in the eastern section of the state, about 30 miles from the Georgia border. The city is located 55 miles east of Montgomery, 35 miles west of Columbus, Georgia, and about 105 miles southwest of the Georgia state capital of Atlanta. It is the largest city in eastern Alabama and is home to Auburn University, Alabama's largest university. The city is served by three principal highways: Interstate 85, U.S. Route 29, and U.S. Route 280.

Founded in 1836 and incorporated three years later, the city of Auburn derived its name from a line in "The Deserted Village", a poem by Oliver Goldsmith. The line "Sweet Auburn, the loveliest village of the plain" also gave the city its unofficial nickname. Originally chartered in 1856, the earliest incarnation of Auburn University was known as the East Alabama Male College. The institution would undergo a few name changes through the years (Agricultural and Mechanical College of Alabama, Alabama Polytechnic Institute) before becoming known as Auburn University in 1960. Auburn today has an economy centered around the university and university-affiliated services. The university itself employs roughly one-quarter of the city's total workforce, and several thousand more people are employed by the federal and state governments in positions linked to the university. Auburn has four technology parks and the city's industry is heavily focused on high tech manufacturing and research.

Auburn Arts and Recreation

Auburn is home to a varied collection of historical sites, museums, performing arts attractions and recreational facilities. Some of these are listed here:

  • Jule Collins Smith Museum of Fine Art: Houses a collection of 19th and 20th Century American and European art.
  • Jonathan B. Lovelace Athletic Museum and Hall of Honor: Dedicated to honoring Auburn's athletic past.
  • Pebble Hill: Once the home of Colonel Nathaniel J. Scott, it is now the home of the Auburn University Center for the Arts and Humanities which hosts programs on history, literature, and art.
  • Telfair Peet Theatre: Exceptional performances year-round featuring both classical and modern productions.
  • The Auburn Community Orchestra
  • Jan Dempsey Community Arts Center
  • Auburn University Agricultural Heritage Park

Musical events in Auburn include dozens of yearly concerts performed by the Auburn University Band and the Auburn High School Honors Band. Big band jazz performances are offered by the Auburn Knights Orchestra. For original, acoustic music in a wide variety of styles (folk, blues, country, bluegrass, and jazz to fast-folk and alternative styles), the Sundilla Acoustic Concert Series holds its performances at the historic Unitarian Fellowship building.

Outdoor recreation enthusiasts will enjoy Auburn's 16 parks, which include Chewacla State Park (a 700 acre site in the Appalachian foothills), Kiesel Park (200 acres of meandering trails), and Lake Harding. Families can enjoy Hickory Dickory Park for picnicking and Family Fun Junction for miniature golf, go-cart racing, batting cages, and arcade games.

Although there are no professional sports teams in Auburn, the city is not lacking a vibrant sports culture due to the presence of the Auburn University Tigers and its NCAA Division I athletic squads. Football games at Auburn University are tourist attractions unto themselves and constitute a major factor in the city's economy and culture, changing the face of Auburn for several weekends each fall when tens of thousands of fans flood the campus to create a festival-like atmosphere. The Tiger football squad, a perennial national NCAA collegiate powerhouse, had a perfect 13-0 season in 2005. Football games are played in Jordan-Hare Stadium, which accommodates over 87,000 fans. Tiger basketball is played at the Beard-Eaves Memorial Coliseum, and Tiger baseball games are held at Plainsman Park, named the top collegiate ballpark in the nation by Baseball America in 2003.

Fans of professional sports can take a reasonably short drive outside the city limits to take in some games. The Columbus Catfish, who play in nearby Columbus, Georgia (35 miles to the east) are a Minor League Baseball team and a single-A affiliate of the Los Angeles Dodgers. Columbus is also home to the Cottonmouths, a hockey team in the Southern Professional Hockey League (SPHL). The city of Montgomery Alabama (55 miles to the west) is home to the Southern League's Montgomery Biscuits, the Minor League Baseball Double-A affiliate of the Tampa Bay Devil Rays. Major League sports can be found in Atlanta, Georgia (105 miles to the northeast). Here, fans can see any of the following teams:

  • Major League Baseball: Atlanta Braves
  • National Football League: Atlanta Falcons
  • National Basketball Association: Atlanta Hawks
  • National Hockey League: Atlanta Thrashers

Atlanta is also home to the Georgia Force, a team in the Arena Football League (AFL).


Total Population 58,693
Male Share of the Population 50.1%
Female Share of the Population 49.9%
Senior Citizens 6.9%
Employed Population 16+ 26,059
Age of the Population 24


% of people married 32.8%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 60.2%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0


Median Family Income $76,066
% Above Poverty Level 68.2%
% Below Poverty Level 31.8%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 18 minutes
% Working from Home 3.3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 6%
% Using Public Transportation 2%


People Living Alone 30.8%
Median Gross Rent $813
Median House Value $220,000


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 36.2%
US/American 0.1%
English 10.7%
Irish 11.3%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Auburn Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 30 miles W of Columbus, Georgia (center to center)
Nearest Large City 101 miles SW of Atlanta, Georgia
County Lee
Metro Area Auburn - Opelika
Standard Zip Codes 36830, 36832
P.O. Box Zip Codes 36831
Company Zip Codes 36849
Phone Area Codes 334
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 32.609
Longitude -85.48

Auburn Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.3 miles
Jan Temp 34 to 55 F
Apr Temp 51 to 74 F
Jul Temp 70 to 90 F
Oct Temp 54 to 75 F
Annual Precip 52.6 inches
Distance 4.3 miles
Jan Temp 33 to 55 F
Apr Temp 47 to 75 F
Jul Temp 68 to 90 F
Oct Temp 50 to 76 F
Annual Precip 56.4 inches
Distance 20.3 miles
Jan Temp 30 to 55 F
Apr Temp 47 to 75 F
Jul Temp 67 to 91 F
Oct Temp 48 to 76 F
Annual Precip 56.4 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Camp Hill 1,051 $25,560
Loachapoka 217 $51,042
Notasulga 974 $52,083
Opelika 28,544 $51,722
Tuskegee 9,218 $37,169
Waverly 266 $92,625

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Auburn Public Libraries

Auburn Public Library
Auburn, Alabama
(334) 501-3190
Library Web Site

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Student/teacher ratio: 14.9

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