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Overview

Introduction to Birmingham, Alabama

Incorporated in 1871, Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama. The city is home to approximately 240,000 inhabitants. The metropolitan area, including Cullman and Hoover, has a population of about 1.1 million. Birmingham is located in the north central part of the state, 220 miles north of the Gulf of Mexico, and 140 miles west of Atlanta, GA.

For Birmingham, geology was destiny. The main raw materials needed to make steel are iron ore, limestone, and coal. Seldom do all three occur close together in large quantities, as they do here. Add the planned intersection of two railroads, and a steel making city was born. Although manufacturing is still a force, the area has since diversified into industries such as finance, health care, and the beginnings of biotech. In 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr. wrote the historic "Letter from Birmingham Jail".

In 2004 Birmingham was named one of the Most Livable Mid-Size Cities by Partners for Livable Communities. In 1990 it was one of the Finalist Communities for the "All-America City Award" given by the National Civic League.

Precipitation in Birmingham is about 54 inches per year. Temperatures reach 90 degrees an average of 57 days a year. July average daily high and low temperatures are 90.6 and 69.7 degrees Fahrenheit. January average daily highs and lows are 52.8 and 32.3 degrees Fahrenheit.

Fortune 1000 companies headquartered in Birmingham include:

  • Regions Financial
  • Saks
  • AmSouth Bancorp
  • Vulcan Materials
  • Torchmark
  • Compass Bancshares
  • Protective Life

Arts and Leisure

Birmingham cultural, historical, and leisure attractions include:

  • The Birmingham Museum of Art
  • The Birmingham Summerfest, Inc.
  • The Red Mountain Chamber Orchestra
  • The Magic City Blues Society
  • The Alabama Symphony Orchestra
  • The Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame
  • The Alabama Ballet
  • The Virginia Samford Theatre
  • The Alabama Museum of the Health Sciences
  • The Birmingham Civil Rights Institute
  • The Oak Mountain State Park
  • The Sloss Blast Furnace Site
  • The Quinlan Castle

Birmingham sports teams include:

  • The Birmingham Barons, a Double-A Southern League baseball club affiliated with the Chicago White Sox
  • The Birmingham Magicians of the American Basketball Association
  • The Birmingham Steeldogs of the Arena Football League
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People

Total Population 212,211
Male Share of the Population 46.7%
Female Share of the Population 53.3%
Senior Citizens 12.9%
Employed Population 16+ 86,418
Age of the Population 36

Families

% of people married 28.4%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 24.2%
Median Earnings25+ $26,805
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $15,975
Median Earnings With High School Degree $20,661

Wealth

Median Family Income $37,257
% Above Poverty Level 69.1%
% Below Poverty Level 30.9%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 21 minutes
% Working from Home 1.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.8%
% Using Public Transportation 2.2%

Housing

People Living Alone 40%
Median Gross Rent $728
Median House Value $86,800

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 69.5%
US/American 0%
English 3%
Irish 3.5%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Birmingham Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 139 miles W of Atlanta, Georgia
County Jefferson
Metro Area Birmingham
Standard Zip Codes 35203, 35204, 35205, 35206, 35207, 35208, 35209, 35210, 35211, 35212, 35213, 35214, 35215, 35216, 35217, 35218, 35221, 35222, 35223, 35224, 35226, 35228, 35233, 35234, 35235, 35242, 35243, 35244
P.O. Box Zip Codes 35201, 35202, 35219, 35220, 35231, 35232, 35236, 35237, 35238, 35253, 35255, 35259, 35260, 35261, 35266, 35283
Company Zip Codes 35225, 35229, 35230, 35240, 35245, 35246, 35249, 35254, 35263, 35277, 35278, 35279, 35280, 35281, 35282, 35285, 35286, 35287, 35288, 35289, 35290, 35291, 35292, 35293, 35294, 35295, 35296, 35297, 35298, 35299
Phone Area Codes 205
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 33.52
Longitude -86.802

Birmingham Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station BIRMINGHAM INTL AP
Distance 4.4 miles
Jan Temp 32 to 53 F
Apr Temp 48 to 74 F
Jul Temp 70 to 91 F
Oct Temp 51 to 75 F
Annual Precip 53.9 inches
Station PINSON
Distance 13.2 miles
Jan Temp 30 to 53 F
Apr Temp 45 to 75 F
Jul Temp 67 to 92 F
Oct Temp 47 to 75 F
Annual Precip 54.4 inches
Station BESSEMER 3 WSW
Distance 14.1 miles
Jan Temp 31 to 55 F
Apr Temp 48 to 76 F
Jul Temp 68 to 94 F
Oct Temp 49 to 77 F
Annual Precip 59.3 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Birmingham, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Avondale (35222)

Bham (35238, 35260, 35261, 35266, 35283)

Bluff Park (35226, 35244)

Caller Boxes (35283)

Centerpoint (35220, 35235)

Crestline (35213)

Crestline Heights (35213)

English Village (35223)

Ensley (35218)

Homewd (35219)

Huffman (35235)

Jefferson Park (35210)

Liberty Highlands (35210)

Overton (35210)

Riverchase (35244)

Roebuck Plaza (35235)

Rose Hill (35210)

Ruffner (35210)

Shoal Creek (35242)

South Highlands (35205)

Vestavia (35223, 35226, 35242, 35243, 35266, 35209, 35216)

Wenonah (35211)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Fairfield 10,987 $43,125
Homewood 25,535 $82,267
Irondale 12,398 $55,888
Mountain Brook 20,518 $153,220
Tarrant 6,278 $31,905
Vestavia Hills 34,116 $117,225

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Birmingham Public Libraries

Library
Birmingham Public Library
2100 PARK PLACE
Birmingham, Alabama
(205) 226-3610
North Shelby Library
5521 CAHABA VALLEY ROAD
Birmingham, Alabama
(205) 439-5500
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Birmingham Hospitals

ST VINCENTS HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
810 ST VINCENTS DRIVE
(205) 939-7000
Emergency Service: Yes

BROOKWOOD MEDICAL CENTER
(Proprietary)
2010 BROOKWOOD MEDICAL CENTER DRIVE
(205) 877-1000
Emergency Service: Yes

BAPTIST PRINCETON
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
701 PRINCETON AVENUE SOUTHWEST
(205) 783-3800
Emergency Service: Yes

TRINITY MEDICAL CENTER
(Proprietary)
800 MONTCLAIR RD
(205) 592-5415
Emergency Service: Yes

CALLAHAN EYE FOUNDATION HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
1720 UNIVERSITY BLVD
(205) 325-8100
Emergency Service: Yes

COOPER GREEN HOSPITAL
(Government - Local)
1515 6TH AVENUE SOUTH
(205) 930-3200
Emergency Service: Yes

UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA HOSPITAL
(Government - State)
619 SOUTH 19TH STREET
(205) 934-4011
Emergency Service: Yes

CARRAWAY METHODIST MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
1600 CARRAWAY BOULEVARD
(205) 502-6000
Emergency Service: Yes

MEDICAL CENTER EAST
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
50 MEDICAL PARK EAST DRIVE
(205) 838-3122
Emergency Service: Yes

Birmingham VA Medical Center
(VA)
700 S. 19th Street
(205) 933-8101/(800) 872-0328
Emergency Service:

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
 
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Birmingham High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

OAK MOUNTAIN HIGH SCHOOL
5476 CALDWELL MILL RD
205-682-5200
Serves 1,650 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.5

VESTAVIA HILLS HIGH SCHOOL
2235 LIME ROCK RD
205-402-5250
Serves 1,548 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.7

HUFFMAN HIGH SCHOOL-MAGNET
950 SPRINGVILLE RD
205-231-5000
A Magnet School.
Serves 1,309 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.8

GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER HIGH SCHOOL
3900 24TH ST N
205-231-3900
Serves 1,274 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.2

ERWIN HIGH SCHOOL
532 23RD AVE NW
205-853-2730
Serves 1,138 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.3

PARKER HIGH SCHOOL
900 4TH ST N
205-231-2370
Serves 1,090 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.3

ENSLEY HIGH SCHOOL-MAGNET
2301 AVE J ENSLEY
205-231-6250
A Magnet School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,070 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18

WENONAH HIGH SCHOOL
2916 WILSON RD
205-231-1675
Serves 1,042 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.3

WOODLAWN HIGH SCHOOL-MAGNET
5620 1ST AVE N
205-599-8700
A Magnet School.
Serves 907 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.9

WEST END HIGH SCHOOL
1840 PEARSON AVE
205-231-1740
Serves 847 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.8

RAMSAY HIGH SCHOOL
1800 13TH AVE S
205-231-7000
Serves 708 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.7

JACKSON-OLIN HIGH SCHOOL
510 12TH ST
205-231-6431
Serves 600 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.4

FULTONDALE HIGH SCHOOL
1450 CARSON RD N
205-379-3500
Serves 474 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.3

ALABAMA SCHOOL OF FINE ARTS
1800 8TH AVE N
205-252-9241
A Vocational School
A Magnet School.
Serves 351 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21.9

KENNEDY ALTERNATIVE
125 63RD ST N
205-231-8740
A Non-traditional School
Serves 67 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6.1

WILLIAM E BURKETT MULTI-HANDICAPPED CENTER
50 LONG ST
205-379-2800
A Special Education School
Serves 49 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 2.7

MCNEEL SCHOOL - VACCA CAMPUS
8950 ROEBUCK BLVD
205-838-4981
A Non-traditional School
Serves 25 students.

CITY HIGH SCHOOL
P O BOX 1007
205-808-0001
A Non-traditional School
Serves 22 students.

WORKSHOP INCORPORATE
4244 3RD AVE S
205-592-9683
Serves 7 students.

HOMEBOUND HIGH SCHOOL
417 29TH ST S
205-251-5096
A Special Education School
Serves 6 students.

ADOLESCENT DAY TREATMENT
1632 7TH AVE S
A Special Education School
Serves 2 students.

JEFFERSON COUNTY COUNSELING LEARNING CENTER
50 LONG ST
205-379-4250
A Non-traditional School

WOODLAWN HIGH ALTERNATIVE CENTER
5620 1ST AVE N
205-231-8000
A Non-traditional School

ENSLEY HIGH ALTERNATIVE CENTER
2301 AVE J ENSLEY
205-231-6250
A Non-traditional School

FAMILY COURT HIGH SCHOOL
120 2ND COURT N
205-583-4891
A Non-traditional School

SHADES VALLEY TECHNICAL ACADEMIES
5191 PINE WHISPERS DR
205-379-5360
A Vocational School

Additional Details
Birmingham Colleges
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Birmingham Graduate Schools
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Career and College Resources

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Career References and Original Articles
College Directories and Lists
Historic Birmingham

photo

Title Guarantee Land and Trust Bldg. c1906.

Select a photo to view (Source):

Title Guarantee Land and Trust Bldg. c1906.

Jefferson County Court House and St. Paul's Church c1906.

Jefferson County Court House 1906 (est.)

Additional Resources
Info for Birmingham Government Officials


Are you an official in the Birmingham government or quasi-government agency such as the chamber of commerce, visitors bureau or economic development council? If so, visit our information page for government officials to see how CityTownInfo can support you.

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