Introduction to Madison, Alabama

Madison, Alabama is 9 miles W of Huntsville, Alabama (center to center) and 101 miles S of Nashville, Tennessee. The city is located in the Madison County and is part of the Huntsville metro area. Madison has a population of 29, 329.

Madison History

The first resident of Madison was John Cartwright. He came to live in the area in the year 1818. Formerly, this city was recognized as Madison Station. An American Civil War battle was fought in this area on March 16, 1864. Col. Josiah Patterson's men had taken over the 13th Illinois Regiment's wagon train, carrying 66 prisoners in captivity. These men burned the Union supplies and damaged the railroad tracks before leaving. The city was incorporated in 1869 under the name Madison.

Madison and nearby Attractions

  • Huntsville Museum of Art
  • Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge
  • U.S. Space & Rocket Center
  • Sci - Quest
  • Alabama Constitution Village

Things To Do In Madison

There are many winter attractions in Madison including the UW Badger sporting event, eclectic shops, and exotic foods. Madison's Central Business Improvement District (BID), which is in the heart of downtown Madison, is set on an isthmus between two scenic lakes. The famed State Street pedestrian mall links Wisconsin State Capitol Square to the University of Wisconsin campus and is home to more than 300 shops, galleries, restaurants, night spots, museums, and cultural destinations. The city has four premiere public golf courses for residents and visitors to enjoy. In addition, the beaches, which are monitored by the Public Health Department, offer various recreational facilities.

Madison Transportation

Huntsville International Airport-Carl T Jones Field is the nearest airport.

Madison Higher Education

University of Alabama in Huntsville, Alabama A & M University, and John C Calhoun State Community College are among the educational institutes near Madison.


Total Population 45,590
Male Share of the Population 49.5%
Female Share of the Population 50.5%
Senior Citizens 9.7%
Employed Population 16+ 22,207
Age of the Population 38


% of people married 58.3%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 56.1%
Median Earnings25+ $56,065
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $22,240
Median Earnings With High School Degree $24,306


Median Family Income $111,688
% Above Poverty Level 93.3%
% Below Poverty Level 6.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 19 minutes
% Working from Home 1.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 0.5%
% Using Public Transportation 0.1%


People Living Alone 23.1%
Median Gross Rent $859
Median House Value $226,700


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 31.9%
US/American 0%
English 11.7%
Irish 9.5%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Madison Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 9 miles W of Huntsville, Alabama (center to center)
Nearest Large City 101 miles S of Nashville, Tennessee
County Madison
Metro Area Huntsville
Standard Zip Codes 35756, 35757, 35758
Phone Area Codes 256
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 34.699
Longitude -86.748

Madison Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 3.9 miles
Jan Temp 31 to 49 F
Apr Temp 48 to 72 F
Jul Temp 70 to 89 F
Oct Temp 50 to 73 F
Annual Precip 57.5 inches
Station ATHENS 2
Distance 15.1 miles
Jan Temp 28 to 48 F
Apr Temp 47 to 71 F
Jul Temp 67 to 90 F
Oct Temp 47 to 73 F
Annual Precip 58.3 inches
Distance 37 miles
Jan Temp 29 to 52 F
Apr Temp 45 to 75 F
Jul Temp 66 to 91 F
Oct Temp 46 to 76 F
Annual Precip 59.9 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Athens 23,938 $57,017
Decatur 55,598 $54,297
Huntsville 185,594 $65,917
Owens Cross Roads 1,667 $61,875
Somerville 691 $53,690
Triana 578 $52,500

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

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Madison High Schools

Serves 1,506 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.5

Study Online in Madison

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Info for Madison Government Officials

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