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Overview

Introduction to Mobile, Alabama

The Alabama port city of Mobile, county seat of Mobile County, is situated along the shores of Mobile Bay in the southwestern corner of the state. The only saltwater port in Alabama, Mobile is located only 30 miles from the Mississippi border (to the west) and 40 miles from the Florida border (to the east). The city is serviced by Interstate Highways I-10 and I-65 and also by U.S. Routes 43, 45, 90, and 98.

Founded in 1702, Mobile had several flags flying over its soil during its history. Originally the capital of French Louisiana, Mobile came under British rule in 1763 until it was captured by the Spanish in 1780 during the American Revolution. During the war of 1812, Mobile was seized by the United States and was incorporated as a city in 1819. For almost the next half-century, Mobile prospered as one of the largest international seaports on the Gulf Coast, specializing in the shipment of cotton. Part of the Confederacy during the Civil War, Mobile came under a blockade instituted by Union Naval forces headed by Admiral David Farragut. One of the war's most significant naval battles, the Battle of Mobile Bay, resulted in an 1864 Union victory. After the war, ship-building became a significant industry in the city and many years later (post-World War II) was replaced by the pulp and paper industries as principal economic drivers for the city. In more recent years, the petroleum, chemical, aerospace and maritime industries, along with tourism, have achieved dominant roles in the city's economy.

Mobile's name is believed to have originated as a derivation of the name of a local Indian tribe (the Maubilla Indians). The city is often referred to as the "Azalea Capital of the World," with more than 50 varieties of the flower on display. Mobile also retains the distinction of being the original home of the Mardi Gras in this country. Instituted in 1704, sixty-two years before New Orleans adopted the celebration, the "America's Family Mardi Gras" is still celebrated today as a two-week long yearly festival culminating on Fat Tuesday, the day before Lent. Mobile is also the host site of the America's Junior Miss Pageant, held annually in July.

Mobile Area Attractions

Mobile is rich in museums. The Oakleigh Period House Museum and Historic Complex is a 3 1/2 acre landscaped complex consisting of Oakleigh, the city's official ante-bellum period house museum, and the Cox-Deasy Creole House Museum, built around 1850. The Museum of Mobile houses numerous innovative exhibits chronicling life in early Mobile. The Mobile Museum of Art is one of the largest of its kind along the Gulf Coast. Battleship Memorial Park is home to the USS Alabama, which is permanently moored there. Also within the city are the Gulf Coast Exploreum, a regional science center with interactive exhibits, and the National African-American Archives and Museum.

Mobile is also abundant in venues for the performing arts. The historic Saenger Theatre Performing Arts Center serves as a multi-faceted arts site and home of many concerts, lectures, and special events. The Mobile Opera, founded in 1946, is Alabama's oldest performing arts organization. The Mobile Ballet, which originated from the merger of two local ballet companies in 1987, presents several productions annually. The Mobile Symphony is the top producer of live symphonic music in the Gulf Coast region.

Sports fans have plenty to look forward to in Mobile. Every January, collegiate football takes center stage when Ladd-Peebles Stadium hosts the legendary battle between the North and South in the annual Senior Bowl. Also held in Mobile is the GMAC Bowl, where the champions from the Mid-American Conference face the Conference USA runners-up. Another of Mobile's premiere annual sporting events is the LPGA (Ladies Professional Golf Association) Tournament of Champions, held at the city's Magnolia Grove golf course. The city also offers minor league baseball at Hank Aaron Stadium, home of the Mobile BayBears. The BayBears play in the Southern League and are the Class Double-A minor league affiliate of the Arizona Diamondbacks. Other minor league franchises in Mobile include the South Alabama Bounce, a basketball team which plays in the American Basketball Association (ABA) and the Port City Monarchs, a football team playing in the North American Football League (NAFL).

A sports-related measure of distinction for Mobile is the fact that four members of Major League Baseball's Hall of Fame were born in Mobile: Hank Aaron, Willie McCovey, Satchel Paige and Ozzie Smith. A fifth Hall-of-Famer, Billy Williams, was born in Mobile County in the nearby community of Whistler.

People

Total Population 194,669
Male Share of the Population 47.4%
Female Share of the Population 52.6%
Senior Citizens 14.7%
Employed Population 16+ 79,300
Age of the Population 36

Families

% of people married 37.2%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 27.2%
Median Earnings25+ $30,301
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $15,482
Median Earnings With High School Degree $23,768

Wealth

Median Family Income $50,211
% Above Poverty Level 76.7%
% Below Poverty Level 23.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 21 minutes
% Working from Home 3.7%
% Walking and Biking to Work 1.1%
% Using Public Transportation 0.8%

Housing

People Living Alone 35.1%
Median Gross Rent $770
Median House Value $120,100

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 55.5%
US/American 0%
English 6.6%
Irish 6.9%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Mobile Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 131 miles E of New Orleans, Louisiana
County Mobile
Metro Area Mobile
Standard Zip Codes 36602, 36603, 36604, 36605, 36606, 36607, 36608, 36609, 36610, 36611, 36612, 36613, 36615, 36617, 36618, 36619, 36693, 36695
P.O. Box Zip Codes 36601, 36616, 36633, 36640, 36641, 36652, 36660, 36663, 36670, 36671, 36685, 36689, 36691
Company Zip Codes 36614, 36621, 36622, 36623, 36625, 36626, 36628, 36630, 36631, 36644, 36675, 36688, 36690
Phone Area Codes 251
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 30.694
Longitude -88.043

Mobile Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station MOBILE RGNL AP
Distance 12.3 miles
Jan Temp 40 to 61 F
Apr Temp 55 to 77 F
Jul Temp 72 to 91 F
Oct Temp 56 to 79 F
Annual Precip 66.2 inches
Station FAIRHOPE 2 NE
Distance 13.8 miles
Jan Temp 40 to 60 F
Apr Temp 55 to 77 F
Jul Temp 73 to 90 F
Oct Temp 57 to 79 F
Annual Precip 67.7 inches
Station BAY MINETTE
Distance 20.2 miles
Jan Temp 38 to 59 F
Apr Temp 54 to 76 F
Jul Temp 71 to 89 F
Oct Temp 56 to 77 F
Annual Precip 67.6 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Mobile, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Brookley Field (36615)

Eight Mile (36613, 36663)

Magazine (36610)

Whistler (36612)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Chickasaw 6,005 $31,829
Daphne 23,559 $73,451
Prichard 22,439 $31,263
Saraland 13,715 $62,308
Satsuma 6,152 $75,964
Spanish Fort 7,578 $96,964

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Mobile Public Libraries

Library
Mobile Public Library
701 GOVERNMENT STREET
Mobile, Alabama
(251) 208-7073

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More Information for Librarians

Mobile Hospitals

PROVIDENCE HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
6801 AIRPORT BOULEVARD
(251) 633-1000
Emergency Service: Yes

SPRINGHILL MEDICAL CENTER
(Proprietary)
3719 DAUPHIN STREET
(251) 344-9630
Emergency Service: Yes

UNIV OF SOUTH ALABAMA MEDICAL CENTER
(Government - State)
2451 FILLINGIM STREET
(251) 471-7000
Emergency Service: Yes

MOBILE INFIRMARY
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
5 MOBILE INFIRMARY CIRCLE
(251) 435-2400
Emergency Service: Yes

INFIRMARY WEST
(Government - State)
5600 GIRBY RD
(251) 660-5120
Emergency Service: No

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Mobile
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  • MBA@UNC
UNC Kenan-Flagler is one of the world's top-ranked business schools. At UNC Kenan-Flagler, you develop the skills that make you a highly effective leader and prepare you for long-term career success. The strength of the UNC Kenan-Flagler MBA degree comes from a school culture in which members live the business school's core values of excellence, leadership, teamwork, integrity and community.
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  • Massage Therapy - Diploma
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Mobile High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

MURPHY HIGH SCHOOL
100 S CARLEN ST
251-221-3186
Serves 2,369 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.9

BAKER HIGH SCHOOL
8901 AIRPORT BLVD
251-221-3000
Serves 1,524 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.6

LE FLORE HIGH SCHOOL
700 DONALD ST
251-221-3125
A Magnet School.
A Title I School.
Serves 1,453 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.4

WP DAVIDSON HIGH SCHOOL
3900 PLEASANT VALLEY RD
251-221-3084
Serves 1,431 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.8

LILLIE B WILLIAMSON HIGH SCHOOL
1007 SWAN DR
251-221-3411
A Title I School.
Serves 865 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17

JOHN S SHAW HIGH SCHOOL
5960 ARLBERG ST
251-221-3305
A Title I School.
Serves 727 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16

BEN C RAIN HIGH SCHOOL
3125 DAUPHIN ISLAND PKWY
251-221-3233
A Title I School.
Serves 721 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.7

AUGUSTA EVANS SCHOOL
100 N FLORIDA ST
251-221-5400
A Special Education School
Serves 240 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 5.7

CONTINUOUS LEARNING CENTER
1870 PLEASANT AVE
251-221-2122
A Non-traditional School
Serves 83 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 5

SW ALABAMA REGIONAL SCHOOL DEAF-BLIND
3980 BURMA ROAD
251-221-5454
A Special Education School
Serves 40 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 1.5

THE PHOENIX PROGRAM
1107 ARLINGTON ST
251-432-7301
A Non-traditional School
Serves 28 students.

C I T Y PROGRAM
733 LAKESIDE DR W
251-661-2209
A Non-traditional School
Serves 14 students.

MOBILE COUNTY ALTERNATIVE SCHS
504 GOVERNMENT ST
251-221-4245
A Non-traditional School

AL SCH OF MATH AND SCIENCE
1255 DAUPHIN STREET
251-441-2100

Additional Details
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Historic Mobile

photo

Old market house c1906.

Select a photo to view (Source):

Old market house c1906.

Battle House c1901.

Bienville Hotel c1906.

Additional Resources
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