Introduction to Fairbanks, Alaska
Fairbanks is situated close to the confluence of the Tanana and Chena rivers in Fairbanks North Star Borough. It's the second largest city in the state of Alaska and serves as a junction for several primary highways. The climate experiences vast changes, with quick temperature movements and thunderstorms. Snow falls during the summer months. However, during the long days of summer the temperature occasionally rises over 70 degrees. The bitter cold winters typically begin by mid-October and continue until mid-April.
The town serves as the region's service and supply center. Tourism, mining, financial institutions and medical services are significant factors for the economy. The government is a major employer, especially the Eilson Air Force Base and Fort Wainwright.
Pioneer Park incudes attractions such as a restored gold rush town, the Alaska Centennial for the Arts, the Tanana Valley Railroad Museum and the Pioneer Air Museum. The sternwheeler, SS Nenana has been converted to a noteworthy museum. The Crooked Creek and Whiskey Island Railroad travels through the park.
The Riverboat Discovery is recognized as one of the best tours in Fairbanks. The sternwheel riverboat takes visitors on a scenic tour of the Chena and Tanana rivers. The tour makes a stop at the Chena Indian village and the passengers are allowed to tour the village. Other noteworthy attractions include:
- The Georgeson Botanical Garden is located on the University of Fairbanks campus.
- The wonderful Aurora borealis also known as the "Northern Lights" can typically be seen 200 days per year from Fairbanks.
- The Trans-Atlantic Pipeline is one of the largest pipelines in the entire world.
- Creamer's Field Wildlife refuge is a prominent migratory stopover destination for a vast number of geese, sandhill cranes, ducks and other species of birds.
- The El Dorado Gold Mine tour allows visitors to pan for gold and teaches the history of the region's mining activities.
- The Fairbanks Ice Dogs play minor league hockey games.
- The University of Alaska Museum.
- Fairbanks Community Museum.
- Wickerson House Museum.
- R.C. Wood House.
- Fairbanks Golden Days.
- Rubber Duckie Race.
- The Red-Green Regatta.
- Yukon Quest Dog Race.
- World Ice Arts Championships.
- Yukon Title Curling Classic.
- Summer Sun Festival.
The Chena Hot Springs Resort is a popular destination and features the Aurora Ice Museum. Everything in the venue is made from ice, including polar bear beds, and a chess set. During the summer, the Chena River is popular for boating, canoeing and jet skiing. The White Mountains National Recreation Area, the Gates National Park and Reserve as well as the Arctic National Wild life Refuge are excellent locations to view the region's beautiful scenery. Fishing with expert guides, mountain biking, kayaking, whitewater rafting, snowmobiling, skiing and hunting are some of the popular activities available in the region.
The city is named in tribute to Charles Fairbanks, a Republican senator from Indiana. A trading post established in 1901 by Captain E.T. Barnett was the first settlement created by non-natives. A gold rush occurred in 1902 with the discovery of gold in the creeks near Fairbanks. Numerous homes and businesses were established during this time. The city experienced a highly destructive flood and a devastating fire in the early portion of the 1900's.
The University of Alaska, Fairbanks is situated in the city.