Juneau, Alaska

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Juneau, Alaska

Introduction to Juneau, Alaska

Juneau, the capital of the State of Alaska, is located on the Gastineau Channel on the Alexander Archipelago of southeastern Alaska. Juneau is roughly 890 miles northwest of Seattle, Washington and 560 miles southeast of Anchorage. The area of Juneau is almost as large as the states of Delaware and Rhode Island combined.

Juneau is organized into two districts. District 1 consists of the Downtown Juneau, Salmon Creek, Lemon Creek, Switzer Creek, Juneau International Airport, and Douglas Island precincts. District 2 consists of the Mendenhall Valley, Auke Bay, Fritz Cove, and Lynn Canal precincts.

Main access to Juneau is by sea or air. Juneau is served by the Juneau International Airport (JNU) which has one runway and one seaplane landing area. Juneau is also served by the Alaska Marine Highway System (AMHS), a ferry service operated by the government of the U.S. state of Alaska for communities in Southeastern Alaska that have no road access. Juneau's harbor is also a port of call for cruise ships.

Prior to European settlement, the area now occupied by Juneau was inhabited by Tlingit Indians, known as the Auke and Taku tribes. The area was a favorite fishing ground of the Indians. In 1880, the site of Juneau was founded as a mining camp by Joe Juneau and Richard Harris. The town was originally called Harrisburg, after Richard Harris. Subsequently the name was changed to Rockwell. The name was last changed to Juneau in 1881. Juneau became the City and Borough of Juneau in 1970 when the City of Juneau merged with the City of Douglas and the surrounding borough to form the current municipality

Juneau Points of Interest

Juneau is located within some of the most breath taking geography including grand mountain peaks and the pristine waterfront of the Gastineau Channel. Opportunities for outdoor activities abound including unparalleled glacier viewing from Tracy Arm Fjord, Mendenhall Glacier, the Juneau Icefield and Glacier Bay National Park. In addition, outdoor enthusiasts can enjoy kayaking, dogsledding, rafting, biking, hiking and glacier hiking. In the winter individuals can enjoy snowboarding and downhill skiing, cross-country skiing and heli-skiing.

For fishermen there is abundant salmon and halibut fishing only minutes from downtown Juneau. Wilderness cabins and fishing lodges are also available to cater to fishermen seeking a remote Alaska fishing experience.

For arts and entertainment, Juneau hosts the annual Alaska Folk Festival and Juneau Jazz & Classics music festivals, and is also home to Perseverance Theatre, Alaska's only professional theater. Other arts and entertainment attractions include:

  • The Alaska State Museum
  • The Juneau - Douglas City Museum
  • The Juneau Lyric Opera
  • The Juneau Symphony
  • The Last Chance Mining Museum & Historical Park
  • Opera to Go

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High Points

Juneau strengths, compared to Peers (similar size places nationally) or State (other places in Alaska):

Category Trophy
College Educated Adults
(vs. State)
Top 2% trophy Juneau College Educated Adults
People in Middle Class or Better
(vs. State)
Top 3% trophy Juneau People in Middle Class or Better
Well-Paid Single Women
(vs. State)
Top 3% trophy Juneau Well-Paid Single Women
Low Rate of Poverty
(vs. State)
Top 5% trophy Juneau Low Rate of Poverty
Median Family Income
(vs. State)
Top 5% trophy Juneau Median Family Income
Public Transportation Use
(vs. State)
Top 7% Juneau Public Transportation Use
Short Commute Times
(vs. Peers)
Top 9% Juneau Short Commute Times
Walking and Biking to Work
(vs. Peers)
Top 10% Juneau Walking and Biking to Work
Well-Paid Single Men
(vs. Peers)
Top 12% Juneau Well-Paid Single Men
Racial Diversity
(vs. State)
Top 18% Juneau Racial Diversity

Comparative Profile of Juneau, Alaska

Comparing Juneau to similar size places nationwide (Peers) and to other places in Alaska (State):

Ratings range from 1 (lowest) to 10 (highest).

The People

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Male Share of the Population 10 2
Well-Paid Single Men 9 9
Well-Paid Single Women 9 10
Age of the Population 6 8
Children Under 5 Years Old 5 3
Racial Diversity 3 9
Female Share of the Population 2 9
Senior Citizens 1 5


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Average Household Size 6 3
Portion of People Married 6 7


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Median Family Income 8 10
College Educated Adults 8 10
People in Middle Class or Better 8 10
People Above Poverty 7 10

Commute & Sprawl

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Short Commute Times 10 2
Walking and Biking to Work 10 8
Working at Home 9 7
Public Transportation Use 8 10


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Seasonal and Vacation Housing 10 3
Housing Recently Built 8 4
Studio & One-Bedroom Rentals 6 7
People Living Alone 5 6
Affordability of Property Taxes 4 1
Affordability of Rents 2 1


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Low Property Crime 4 5
Low Violent Crime 4 6

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Juneau Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 570 miles E of Anchorage, Alaska
County Juneau
Standard Zip Codes 99801, 99824
P.O. Box Zip Codes 99802, 99803, 99811, 99821, 99850
Phone Area Codes 907
Time Zone Alaska (-9 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 58.38
Longitude -134.41

Juneau Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)
Distance 6.6 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 31 F
Apr Temp 33 to 48 F
Jul Temp 49 to 64 F
Oct Temp 38 to 47 F
Annual Precip 58.3 inches
Station AUKE BAY
Distance 8.7 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 31 F
Apr Temp 34 to 50 F
Jul Temp 50 to 66 F
Oct Temp 38 to 47 F
Annual Precip 64 inches
Distance 83 miles
Jan Temp 28 to 34 F
Apr Temp 35 to 45 F
Jul Temp 50 to 57 F
Oct Temp 40 to 47 F
Annual Precip 101 inches
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Juneau Population (2000)

Category Count Percent
Total Population 30,711 100%
Male 15,469 50.4%
Female 15,242 49.6%
Under 18 8,417 27.4%
18+ 22,294 72.6%
65+ 1,868 6.1%
Median Age 35.3
Average Family Size 3.1
White 22,969 74.8%
African-American 248 0.8%
Asian 1,438 4.7%
American Indian & Alaskan 3,496 11.4%
Other 323 1.1%
Mixed Race 2,121 6.9%
Hispanic (included in categories above) 1,040 3.4%

Estimated Juneau Population Growth 2000-2005

Category Value
Est. 2005 Population 30,987
Growth 276
Growth % 0.9%

Juneau Ancestry

(From 2000 Census, as reported by individuals)

Note: This is national, not racial, ancestry, so, e.g., the Census doesn't have categories for Hispanic and African-American people. CityTownInfo is currently gathering additional ancestry data for this site.
Ancestry Percent
Other (often includes Hispanic and African American) 28.9%
German 14.6%
Irish 10.2%
English 9%
US/American 5.3%
Norwegian 4.7%
Scottish 2.7%
Italian 2.7%
European 2.7%
French (except Basque) 2.6%
Swedish 2.6%
Scotch-Irish 2.6%
Dutch 1.5%
Polish 0.9%
Danish 0.9%
French Canadian 0.7%
Finnish 0.7%
Welsh 0.6%
British 0.6%
Russian 0.6%
Canadian 0.5%
Scandinavian 0.5%
Swiss 0.4%
Czech 0.3%
Portuguese 0.3%
Hungarian 0.3%
Northern European 0.3%
Austrian 0.2%
Icelander 0.2%
Yugoslavian 0.2%
Croatian 0.2%
Ukrainian 0.2%
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Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Juneau, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Auke Bay (99821)
Douglas (99824)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Juneau Public Libraries

Juneau Public Libraries
Juneau, Alaska
(907) 586-5324
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Juneau Hospitals

(907) 586-8447
Emergency Service: Yes

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Featured Colleges in the Juneau Area (QuickSchools™)

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Juneau High Schools (2004)

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,690 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21.2

801 W. 10TH STREET
Serves 444 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 34.4

Serves 96 students.

A Non-traditional School
Serves 17 students.



Juneau Colleges

Click school name for a detailed profile.

University of Alaska Southeast

(List of Alaska Colleges)

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Limit Results to One State?

City, State Similarity   1 Person Houses 65+ College Grads Commute Minutes Family Income Kids 0-4 Non White Pop. Poverty Prop. Crime Seasonal Housing Viol. Crime
      loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose
1. Anchorage, Alaska 90.7   23.4% 5.5% 28.9% 20 $63,682 7.7% 27.8% 260,283 7.3% 38 1.1% 8.3
2. Sitka, Alaska 88.5   24.5% 8.4% 29.5% 13 $62,361 6.4% 31.5% 8,835 7.8% 44.1 4.6% 2.4
3. Jackson, Wyoming 86.4   28.7% 5.8% 36.7% 13 $53,915 5.4% 10.6% 8,647 6.8% 44.1 3% 3.4
4. Overland Park, Kansas 81.6   27.4% 11.4% 52.1% 20 $77,176 7.1% 9.4% 149,080 3.2% 31.6 0.6% 2.2
5. Mauldin, South Carolina 80.7   26% 9.3% 34.5% 20 $61,817 7.2% 25.7% 15,224 4.4% 38.6 0.6% 6.1
6. Rock Springs, Wyoming 78.2   27% 9.9% 18.1% 20 $51,539 6.8% 8.3% 18,708 9.4% 51.2 0.8% 9
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