Introduction to Juneau, Alaska

Juneau, the capital of the State of Alaska, is located on the Gastineau Channel on the Alexander Archipelago of southeastern Alaska. Juneau is roughly 890 miles northwest of Seattle, Washington and 560 miles southeast of Anchorage. The area of Juneau is almost as large as the states of Delaware and Rhode Island combined.

Juneau is organized into two districts. District 1 consists of the Downtown Juneau, Salmon Creek, Lemon Creek, Switzer Creek, Juneau International Airport, and Douglas Island precincts. District 2 consists of the Mendenhall Valley, Auke Bay, Fritz Cove, and Lynn Canal precincts.

Main access to Juneau is by sea or air. Juneau is served by the Juneau International Airport (JNU) which has one runway and one seaplane landing area. Juneau is also served by the Alaska Marine Highway System (AMHS), a ferry service operated by the government of the U.S. state of Alaska for communities in Southeastern Alaska that have no road access. Juneau's harbor is also a port of call for cruise ships.

Prior to European settlement, the area now occupied by Juneau was inhabited by Tlingit Indians, known as the Auke and Taku tribes. The area was a favorite fishing ground of the Indians. In 1880, the site of Juneau was founded as a mining camp by Joe Juneau and Richard Harris. The town was originally called Harrisburg, after Richard Harris. Subsequently the name was changed to Rockwell. The name was last changed to Juneau in 1881. Juneau became the City and Borough of Juneau in 1970 when the City of Juneau merged with the City of Douglas and the surrounding borough to form the current municipality

Juneau Points of Interest

Juneau is located within some of the most breath taking geography including grand mountain peaks and the pristine waterfront of the Gastineau Channel. Opportunities for outdoor activities abound including unparalleled glacier viewing from Tracy Arm Fjord, Mendenhall Glacier, the Juneau Icefield and Glacier Bay National Park. In addition, outdoor enthusiasts can enjoy kayaking, dogsledding, rafting, biking, hiking and glacier hiking. In the winter individuals can enjoy snowboarding and downhill skiing, cross-country skiing and heli-skiing.

For fishermen there is abundant salmon and halibut fishing only minutes from downtown Juneau. Wilderness cabins and fishing lodges are also available to cater to fishermen seeking a remote Alaska fishing experience.

For arts and entertainment, Juneau hosts the annual Alaska Folk Festival and Juneau Jazz & Classics music festivals, and is also home to Perseverance Theatre, Alaska's only professional theater. Other arts and entertainment attractions include:

  • The Alaska State Museum
  • The Juneau - Douglas City Museum
  • The Juneau Lyric Opera
  • The Juneau Symphony
  • The Last Chance Mining Museum & Historical Park
  • Opera to Go


Total Population 32,531
Male Share of the Population 51.2%
Female Share of the Population 48.8%
Senior Citizens 9.7%
Employed Population 16+ 17,434
Age of the Population 37


% of people married 48.7%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 38.5%
Median Earnings25+ $47,760
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $29,870
Median Earnings With High School Degree $35,919


Median Family Income $99,526
% Above Poverty Level 93.4%
% Below Poverty Level 6.6%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 15 minutes
% Working from Home 2.8%
% Walking and Biking to Work 7.1%
% Using Public Transportation 4.4%


People Living Alone 26.2%
Median Gross Rent $1,188
Median House Value $323,500


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 39.7%
US/American 0%
English 9%
Irish 12.4%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Juneau Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 570 miles E of Anchorage, Alaska
County Juneau
Standard Zip Codes 99801, 99824
P.O. Box Zip Codes 99802, 99803, 99811, 99821, 99850
Phone Area Codes 907
Time Zone Alaska (-9 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 58.38
Longitude -134.41

Juneau Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 6.6 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 31 F
Apr Temp 33 to 48 F
Jul Temp 49 to 64 F
Oct Temp 38 to 47 F
Annual Precip 58.3 inches
Station AUKE BAY
Distance 8.7 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 31 F
Apr Temp 34 to 50 F
Jul Temp 50 to 66 F
Oct Temp 38 to 47 F
Annual Precip 64 inches
Distance 83 miles
Jan Temp 28 to 34 F
Apr Temp 35 to 45 F
Jul Temp 50 to 57 F
Oct Temp 40 to 47 F
Annual Precip 101 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Juneau, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Auke Bay (99821)

Douglas (99824)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Juneau Public Libraries

Juneau Public Libraries
Juneau, Alaska
(907) 586-5324
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Juneau Hospitals

(907) 586-8447
Emergency Service: Yes

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Juneau High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,690 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21.2

801 W. 10TH STREET
Serves 444 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 34.4

Serves 96 students.

A Non-traditional School
Serves 17 students.



Juneau Colleges

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