Introduction to Fayetteville, Arkansas

Fayetteville is known as a college town and is home to the University of Arkansas. The city is located in the Ozarks in the northwest portion of Arkansas in Washington County. Fayetteville is the location of the Clinton House Museum.


The area known as Fayetteville was originally inhabited by the Osage Indians. The Cherokee Treaty which was established in 1828 made the land in the region available to settlers. The town was the location of numerous battles during the Civil War including a battle at Pea Ridge and a battle at Prairie Grove. The city was established in 1836 and was a prominent transportation center due to being situated between eastern cities and the undeveloped West.

The town was given its name in the 1800's by a small number of families settling in the region. They named it after their former home of Fayetteville, Tennessee. The early pioneers who established the area were situated approximately 30 miles away from the newly created Indian Territory. The deported Indian people from the East were placed there. The town was known for providing supplies and a place to rest for people migrating to the West. The economy significantly improved with the arrival of the railroad.


The city is served by the Fayetteville Municipal Airport. The Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport also provides air transportation for the region.


  • Mt. Sequohyah Conference and Retreat Center offers visitors wonderful views of Fayetteville
  • The Statute of Liberty located at the Washington Regional Medical Center is a quality replica of the Statue of Liberty located in New York City
  • The University of Arkansas
  • The Fayetteville Public Library is recognized as one of the top libraries in the United States
  • The Confederate Cemetery
  • Fayetteville National Cemetery
  • The Stone House
  • Old Main, was the original building for the University of Arkansas
  • The town square
  • Walton Arts Center
  • Clinton House Museum features items associated with President Bill Clinton and his wife Hillary Clinton
  • The Botanical Gardens of the Ozarks
  • Fayetteville High School


  • Devil's Den State Park offers residents and tourists opportunities for hiking and backpacking and numerous mountain bicycle trails that extend deep into the park as well as to the Ozark National Forest
  • Dickson Street is the major location for nightlife in the city
  • The Farmers Market is open on a seasonal basis
  • Various sports events provided by the athletes known as the Razorbacks at the University of Arkansas
  • Bikes, Blues and BBQ Festival occurs on a yearly basis

Higher Education

The city is home to the University of Arkansas. The college is prominent in the areas of agriculture (especially poultry science), creative writing, architecture and business.


Total Population 79,037
Male Share of the Population 49.8%
Female Share of the Population 50.2%
Senior Citizens 8.9%
Employed Population 16+ 39,875
Age of the Population 28


% of people married 36.1%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 46.6%
Median Earnings25+ $35,682
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $20,859
Median Earnings With High School Degree $23,072


Median Family Income $68,808
% Above Poverty Level 76%
% Below Poverty Level 24%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 19 minutes
% Working from Home 5.1%
% Walking and Biking to Work 6%
% Using Public Transportation 2.1%


People Living Alone 37.2%
Median Gross Rent $712
Median House Value $183,700


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 29.4%
US/American 0.1%
English 11.9%
Irish 13.5%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Fayetteville Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 102 miles E of Tulsa, Oklahoma
County Washington
Metro Area Fayetteville - Springdale - Rogers
Standard Zip Codes 72701, 72703, 72704
P.O. Box Zip Codes 72702
Phone Area Codes 479
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 36.062
Longitude -94.157

Fayetteville Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 2.6 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 44 F
Apr Temp 46 to 69 F
Jul Temp 69 to 89 F
Oct Temp 47 to 70 F
Annual Precip 46 inches
Distance 17.9 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 44 F
Apr Temp 43 to 68 F
Jul Temp 66 to 89 F
Oct Temp 45 to 71 F
Annual Precip 46.9 inches
Distance 30.4 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 46 F
Apr Temp 46 to 72 F
Jul Temp 66 to 93 F
Oct Temp 47 to 73 F
Annual Precip 47.1 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Fayetteville, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Baldwin (72701)

Durham (72701)

Evelyn Hills (72701)

Habberton (72701)

Harmon (72701)

Harris (72701)

Hicks (72701)

Mayfield (72701)

Wheeler (72704)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Bethel Heights 2,776 $49,464
Farmington 6,336 $54,324
Greenland 1,496 $65,368
Johnson 3,552 $71,830
Springdale 75,088 $47,170
Tontitown 2,625 $80,417

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Fayetteville Public Libraries

Washington County Library System
Fayetteville, Arkansas
(479) 442-6253
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Fayetteville Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(479) 463-5113
Emergency Service: Yes

Fayetteville VA Medical Center
1100 N. College Avenue
(479) 443-4301 or (800) 691-8387
Emergency Service:

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Fayetteville High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

1001 W. STONE
Serves 1,653 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.4

Serves 215 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6.9

Fayetteville Colleges

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