Introduction to Pine Bluff, Arkansas

Pine Bluff, Arkansas, in Jefferson county, is 128 miles SW of Memphis, Tennessee.

Pine Bluff History

Pine Bluff was incorporated in January 1839. In 1819, Joseph Bonne, who was half Quapaw Indian and half French, settled here. The Quapaws began to give up their land titles after the treaty of 1824. Many settlers arrived in the 1820s. Pine Bluff was made the county seat of Jefferson county during the 1832 county election. The city grew due to the increase of transportation facilities. Pine Bluff was affected by the Civil War and recovered slowly after the war. A flood in 1927 and drought in 1930 shockingly affected the area's economy. World War II had a deep impact on Pine Bluff. In 2004, the Walmart Super center opened which brought much growth to the area.

Pine Bluff and nearby Attractions

  • Jefferson County Historical Museum
  • Arkansas Railroad Museum
  • Art and Science Center for Southeast Arkansas
  • Band Museum

Things To Do In Pine Bluff

There are many museums in Pine Bluff which provide insight into the area's history. Art lovers can visit the University of Arkansas Pine Bluff Fine Art Gallery and the Old Town Theater Center. Harbor Oaks Golf Club offers a range of facilities for golf players. While in the city, one can visit the many amusement parks. Shopping centers such as the Magic Mart Shopping Center, Oak Park Village Shopping Center, and Pines Mall provide opportunities for shopping. One can also visit the many churches in the city. Their are several local festivals including the BBQ Cook-Off and Music Festival, Mudbug Madness Crawfish Festival, and Smoke on the Water Festival.

Pine Bluff Transportation

One can avail air transportation from Adams Field Airport.

Pine Bluff Higher Education

University of Arkansas at Little Rock, University of Arkansas at Monticello, Arkansas State University-Beebe Branch, University of Central Arkansas, and Harding University provide facilities for higher education.


Total Population 46,228
Male Share of the Population 46.9%
Female Share of the Population 53.1%
Senior Citizens 12.9%
Employed Population 16+ 16,308
Age of the Population 35


% of people married 33.1%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 18.3%
Median Earnings25+ $27,471
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $15,038
Median Earnings With High School Degree $22,829


Median Family Income $40,413
% Above Poverty Level 67.9%
% Below Poverty Level 32.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 19 minutes
% Working from Home 2.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.3%
% Using Public Transportation 0.8%


People Living Alone 38.2%
Median Gross Rent $663
Median House Value $72,900


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 76.6%
US/American 0%
English 7.3%
Irish 2.3%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Pine Bluff Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 128 miles SW of Memphis, Tennessee
County Jefferson
Metro Area Pine Bluff
Standard Zip Codes 71601, 71602, 71603
P.O. Box Zip Codes 71611, 71612, 71613
Phone Area Codes 870
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 34.228
Longitude -92.003

Pine Bluff Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 0.9 miles
Jan Temp 32 to 50 F
Apr Temp 51 to 74 F
Jul Temp 72 to 92 F
Oct Temp 52 to 76 F
Annual Precip 52.4 inches
Station KEO
Distance 25.7 miles
Jan Temp 32 to 49 F
Apr Temp 52 to 74 F
Jul Temp 72 to 91 F
Oct Temp 53 to 75 F
Annual Precip 47.5 inches
Station LEOLA
Distance 33.5 miles
Jan Temp 31 to 52 F
Apr Temp 49 to 75 F
Jul Temp 70 to 92 F
Oct Temp 49 to 76 F
Annual Precip 53.8 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Pine Bluff, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Arsenal (71601)

Hardin (71601)

Jefferson Square (71601)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Altheimer 957 $42,083
Grady 399 $38,125
Redfield 1,598 $56,635
Sherrill 84 $23,750
Wabbaseka 262 $30,500
White Hall 5,319 $65,492

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Pine Bluff Public Libraries

Pine Bluff Jefferson County Library System
Pine Bluff, Arkansas
(870) 534-4802
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Pine Bluff Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(870) 541-7100
Emergency Service: Yes

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Pine Bluff High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

711 WEST 11TH
Serves 1,198 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.8

Serves 730 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.2

Serves 319 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.8

A Vocational School


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