Introduction to Gilroy, California

Gilroy, California, in Santa Clara county, is 23 miles N of Salinas, California (center to center) and 29 miles SE of San Jose, California. The city is a major producer of garlic and is known as the "Garlic Capital of the World." It hosts the well known Gilroy Garlic Festival. Mushrooms and strawberries are also major crops. The area includes prominent cattle ranches.

Gilroy has a mild, Mediterranean climate. It has a very large Hispanic population. The municipality has been given numerous awards for the designs of its parks by the California Parks and Recreation Society.

Gilroy History

During the 1770's pioneers led by Father Junipero Serra arrived in the region. In 1797 Mission San Juan Bautista was established. A seaman named John Gilroy who was a Scotsman and formerly known as John Cameron stayed in the area after his ship departed. He converted to Roman Catholicism and is recognized as the first non-Spanish settler in the region officially recognized by Spain. For years, Europeans and Americans established settlements while the region was controlled by Spain.

An increase in settlers occurred after California became part of the United States in 1848 and the major gold discovery happened in the Sierra Nevada region. In 1870 it was incorporated as the town of Gilroy. Agriculture was the primary factor for the economy. During the 1970's Gilroy was being developed as a bedroom community for Silicon Valley.

Gilroy Attractions

  • Gilroy Garlic Festival is regarded as one of the largest food festivals in the nation and one of the best garlic festivals in the world.
  • The Gilroy Yamato Hot Springs also includes a Buddhist shrine and a notable Japanese garden teahouse. It's listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
  • Gilroy Premium Outlets is a popular shopping location.
  • Blacksmith George Eustice's House.

Gilroy Activities

Gilroy Gardens is a horticultural family theme park and features the notable Circuc Trees and numerous rides and attractions. Visitors enjoy the nearby Mount Madonna County Park. Uvas Canyon Park and Coe State Park are popular for a variety of outdoor activities. The region includes numerous noteworthy wineries.

Gilroy Higher Education

The city is home to Gavilan College.

Gilroy Transportation

The Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority offers bus services and express buses to nearby San Jose and Sunnyvale. Air travel services are offered at the San Jose International Airport.


Total Population 50,776
Male Share of the Population 49.5%
Female Share of the Population 50.5%
Senior Citizens 8.6%
Employed Population 16+ 23,272
Age of the Population 33


% of people married 52%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 26.2%
Median Earnings25+ $41,128
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $19,486
Median Earnings With High School Degree $35,278


Median Family Income $86,098
% Above Poverty Level 83.9%
% Below Poverty Level 16.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 31 minutes
% Working from Home 2.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.3%
% Using Public Transportation 2.7%


People Living Alone 14.8%
Median Gross Rent $1,367
Median House Value $458,500


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 65.5%
US/American 0.3%
English 4.6%
Irish 5.3%

Gilroy Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 23 miles N of Salinas, California (center to center)
Nearest Large City 29 miles SE of San Jose, California
County Santa Clara
Standard Zip Codes 95020
P.O. Box Zip Codes 95021
Phone Area Codes 408
Time Zone Pacific (-8 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 37.005
Longitude -121.567

Gilroy Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station GILROY
Distance 0.4 miles
Jan Temp 39 to 60 F
Apr Temp 47 to 73 F
Jul Temp 56 to 88 F
Oct Temp 50 to 79 F
Annual Precip 20.6 inches
Distance 13.6 miles
Jan Temp 38 to 61 F
Apr Temp 43 to 71 F
Jul Temp 52 to 81 F
Oct Temp 47 to 78 F
Annual Precip 13.6 inches
Distance 27.1 miles
Jan Temp 39 to 59 F
Apr Temp 44 to 71 F
Jul Temp 55 to 85 F
Oct Temp 49 to 76 F
Annual Precip 22.6 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Capitola 10,043 $81,133
Hollister 36,067 $66,363
Morgan Hill 39,875 $108,037
Salinas 154,077 $51,426
San Juan Bautista 2,219 $59,321
Watsonville 52,085 $48,957

Gilroy Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
(408) 848-2000
Emergency Service: Yes

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
Results:  5
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Gilroy High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

750 W. 10TH ST.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 2,373 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22.9

A Non-traditional School
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 182 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.2

A Charter School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 133 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19

A Non-traditional School
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 24 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12

Gilroy Colleges

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Gilroy Colleges
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