Introduction to Livermore, California

Founded in 1869, Livermore is a city in Alameda County, California, located 34 miles east of Oakland and about 46 miles east of San Francisco. It is considered part of the San Francisco Bay Area although it is the Bay Area's easternmost city before entering the Central Valley. The city was named after Robert Livermore, a local rancher and friend of the city's founder William Mendenhall. Livermore was officially incorporated as a city in 1876.

The city is surrounded by Livermore Valley, well known for its wineries and the location of the Livermore Valley American Viticultural Area. In the early sixties, Livermore remained relatively unknown despite having as much wine-producing area as its neighboring region of Napa, which gained worldwide prominence. Wente and Concannon are the two largest producers in Livermore, although there are over 25 wineries currently in operation. Livermore's best known red wine is derived from the relatively obscure Petite Sirah grape, although many interesting dessert wines are also produced by the region's warm climate.

Livermore is home to two nationally-known laboratories. The city's largest employer is the University of California's Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), established in 1952. The California site of the Sandia National Laboratories is the 3rd largest employer in the city.

Livermore is also known as home to the world's longest lasting light bulb. Except for power failures and location shifts, the 4-watt bulb has been burning continuously since 1901 and currently burns brightly at the Livermore-Pleasanton Fire Department. Originally hand blown with a carbon filament by the Shelby Electric Company, the bulb has drawn widespread interest from around the world as well as from The Guinness Book of World Records and Ripley's Believe It or Not. It even has its own webcam keeping a watchful eye on its continuous glow.

Livermore Arts, Culture and Attractions

Since 1918, Livermore has hosted the Livermore Rodeo, billed as the "Worlds Fastest Rodeo." Livermore is also home to Del Valle Fine Arts, a producer of chamber music concerts. Other local artistic draws include the Livermore Valley Opera, the Livermore-Amador Symphony, the Valley Choral Society and the Valley Dance Theatre.

Other attractions in Livermore and nearby surroundings are: the Livermore Hindu Temple, the Altamont Pass Windfarms and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Discovery Center. The Livermore History Center and Art Gallery facilitates walking tours of the historic downtown area.

Outdoor recreation can be found at Del Valle Regional Park, where swimming, fishing, hiking, picnicking, windsurfing and horseback riding take place. Waterslides abound at Shadow Cliffs Regional Park, which features water activities of all kinds. Hiking and biking trails can be found at Robertson Park.

Access to Bay Area attractions in the San Francisco area is less than an hour's drive away. Some of these include: Fisherman's Wharf, Golden Gate Park, the San Francisco Zoo, Chinatown, Alcatraz, the Golden Gate Bridge and the Cable Car Museum.

Racing fans will recognize Altamont Raceway Park, located just outside of Livermore, as a noted venue to enjoy the excitement of auto/stock car racing. Once known as Altamont Speedway, this site has attracted some of the biggest names in racing history, including Andretti, Foyt and Unser. Rock fans will remember it as the site of a heavily-documented Rolling Stones free concert which took place in 1969.

Fans of pro sports in general can catch the action from Bay Area teams located within an hour's drive:

  • National Basketball Association: Golden State Warriors.
  • National Hockey League: San Jose Sharks.
  • National Football League: Oakland Raiders & San Francisco 49'ers.
  • Arena League Football: San Jose SaberCats.
  • Baseball (Majors): Oakland Athletics & San Francisco Giants.
  • Baseball (Minors): San Jose Giants (Single-A SF Giants affiliate).
  • Major League Lacrosse: San Francisco Dragons.
  • Major League Soccer: San Jose Earthquakes.


Total Population 85,286
Male Share of the Population 49.6%
Female Share of the Population 50.4%
Senior Citizens 11.7%
Employed Population 16+ 43,835
Age of the Population 39


% of people married 55.9%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 40.2%
Median Earnings25+ $54,157
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $23,689
Median Earnings With High School Degree $40,605


Median Family Income $111,697
% Above Poverty Level 94.3%
% Below Poverty Level 5.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 30 minutes
% Working from Home 5.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.3%
% Using Public Transportation 4%


People Living Alone 19.6%
Median Gross Rent $1,589
Median House Value $537,200


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 41%
US/American 0.1%
English 10%
Irish 12.4%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Livermore Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 24 miles N of San Jose, California
County Alameda
Standard Zip Codes 94550, 94551
Phone Area Codes 925
Time Zone Pacific (-8 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 37.681
Longitude -121.766

Livermore Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.5 miles
Jan Temp 37 to 57 F
Apr Temp 44 to 71 F
Jul Temp 55 to 89 F
Oct Temp 48 to 78 F
Annual Precip 14.8 inches
Distance 12.9 miles
Jan Temp 39 to 56 F
Apr Temp 48 to 74 F
Jul Temp 60 to 93 F
Oct Temp 53 to 79 F
Annual Precip 12.5 inches
Distance 18.3 miles
Jan Temp 35 to 55 F
Apr Temp 44 to 73 F
Jul Temp 55 to 93 F
Oct Temp 47 to 79 F
Annual Precip 10.5 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Danville 43,410 $161,650
Dublin 52,063 $133,080
Fremont 225,221 $115,269
Pleasanton 75,009 $144,551
San Ramon 74,571 $148,734
Union City 72,690 $93,861

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Livermore Public Libraries

Livermore Public Library
Livermore, California
(925) 373-5500
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Livermore Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(925) 447-7000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Livermore High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

400 WALL ST.
Serves 2,080 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 27.1

Serves 2,013 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 25.2

A Non-traditional School
Serves 167 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22.6

2253 FIFTH ST.
A Non-traditional School
Serves 103 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.2

A Non-traditional School
Serves 74 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.4

Livermore Colleges

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