Introduction to Monterey, California

The city of Monterey is situated at Monterey Bay along the Pacific coast in the central portion of the state of California. The scenic area is popular with tourists. The city features the Carmel Mission and the popular Monterey Bay Aquarium. Monterey can be reached by State Highway 1.


Settled in 1770 by Father Junipero Serra and Gaspar de Portola, Monterey was the capital for California beginning in 1777 and ending in 1849. During this time, Spain and Mexico were in control. Portola made the decision to construct the Presidio of Monterey due to the possibility of an attack by the Russians. The presidio was also the location of the Battle of Monterey which occurred on July 7th 1846 as part of the Mexican-American War. This was the date that John Sloat of the United States Navy raised the flag of the United States at the Monterey Customs House and declared that California was now part of the United States. Monterey was well known as a prominent area for fishing however in the 1950's the fishing industry in the area was crushed primarily due to extensive fishing in the area. Well known artists and authors have lived in the Monterey area.


Monterey can be reached by air flights to the Monterey Peninsula Airport. Bus service for the city is offered by Monterey-Salinas Transit.

Higher Education

Higher Education opportunities can be achieved at:

  • Monterey Institute of International Studies.
  • Monterey College of Law.
  • California State University of Monterey Bay.
  • Monterey Peninsula College.
  • Naval Postgraduate School.


There are plenty of activities to enjoy in the area including:

  • Scuba diving.
  • Walking or riding a bicycle on the Monterey Bay Coastal Trail.
  • Explore the Elkhorn Slough.
  • Whale watching.


The area is well known for its beautiful coastline and sea life. The Monterey Bay Aquarium is recognized as one of the biggest aquariums located in North America and is a popular tourist attraction. Visitors are allowed to check out the original structures at the Carmel Mission. Cannery Row was the site of the flourishing fishing industry but is now a popular tourist attraction featuring numerous restaurants and a variety of shops. Other noteworthy attractions in the area include:

  • The Larkin House.
  • Carmel-by-the-Sea.
  • 17 mile scenic Drive.
  • Pebble Beach Golf Resort.
  • Royal Presidio Chapel.
  • The Cooper-Molera Adobe.
  • The Old Custom House.
  • Colton Hall.


Total Population 28,283
Male Share of the Population 51.8%
Female Share of the Population 48.2%
Senior Citizens 17.5%
Employed Population 16+ 15,048
Age of the Population 37


% of people married 43.2%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 48.9%
Median Earnings25+ $45,397
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $23,618
Median Earnings With High School Degree $32,013


Median Family Income $84,941
% Above Poverty Level 90.9%
% Below Poverty Level 9.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 15 minutes
% Working from Home 5.7%
% Walking and Biking to Work 13.9%
% Using Public Transportation 5.6%


People Living Alone 38.9%
Median Gross Rent $1,460
Median House Value $628,500


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 35.9%
US/American 0.1%
English 10%
Irish 11.1%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Monterey Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 14 miles W of Salinas, California (center to center)
Nearest Large City 51 miles S of San Jose, California
County Monterey
Metro Area Salinas
Standard Zip Codes 93940, 93943
P.O. Box Zip Codes 93942, 93944
Phone Area Codes 831
Time Zone Pacific (-8 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 36.6
Longitude -121.893

Monterey Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.7 miles
Jan Temp 43 to 60 F
Apr Temp 47 to 64 F
Jul Temp 52 to 68 F
Oct Temp 51 to 70 F
Annual Precip 20.3 inches
Distance 16.9 miles
Jan Temp 41 to 61 F
Apr Temp 46 to 67 F
Jul Temp 55 to 71 F
Oct Temp 50 to 73 F
Annual Precip 12.9 inches
Distance 24.1 miles
Jan Temp 39 to 61 F
Apr Temp 45 to 68 F
Jul Temp 53 to 72 F
Oct Temp 48 to 72 F
Annual Precip 23.2 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Monterey, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Point Sur (93940)

Presidio Mtry (93944)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Carmel-by-the-Sea 3,834 $103,841
Del Rey Oaks 1,673 $108,667
Marina 20,537 $61,725
Pacific Grove 15,505 $98,571
Sand City 312 $32,679
Seaside 33,999 $53,092

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Monterey Public Libraries

Monterey Public Library
Monterey, California
(831) 646-5669

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Monterey Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(831) 624-5311
Emergency Service: Yes

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Monterey High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,448 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22.2

A Charter School.
Serves 134 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.3

Additional Details
Monterey Colleges
Monterey colleges and trade schools.
Monterey Graduate Schools
Monterey Graduate and Business Schools
Study Online in Monterey
Historic Monterey


Hotel del Monte c1903.

Select a photo to view (Source):

Hotel del Monte c1903.

Hotel del Monte c1898.

Hotel del Monte c1906.

Additional Resources
Info for Monterey Government Officials

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