Introduction to Monterey, California
The city of Monterey is situated at Monterey Bay along the Pacific coast in the central portion of the state of California. The scenic area is popular with tourists. The city features the Carmel Mission and the popular Monterey Bay Aquarium. Monterey can be reached by State Highway 1.
Settled in 1770 by Father Junipero Serra and Gaspar de Portola, Monterey was the capital for California beginning in 1777 and ending in 1849. During this time, Spain and Mexico were in control. Portola made the decision to construct the Presidio of Monterey due to the possibility of an attack by the Russians. The presidio was also the location of the Battle of Monterey which occurred on July 7th 1846 as part of the Mexican-American War. This was the date that John Sloat of the United States Navy raised the flag of the United States at the Monterey Customs House and declared that California was now part of the United States. Monterey was well known as a prominent area for fishing however in the 1950's the fishing industry in the area was crushed primarily due to extensive fishing in the area. Well known artists and authors have lived in the Monterey area.
Monterey can be reached by air flights to the Monterey Peninsula Airport. Bus service for the city is offered by Monterey-Salinas Transit.
Higher Education opportunities can be achieved at:
- Monterey Institute of International Studies
- Monterey College of Law
- California State University of Monterey Bay
- Monterey Peninsula College
- Naval Postgraduate School
ActivitiesThere are plenty of activities to enjoy in the area including:
- Scuba diving
- Walking or riding a bicycle on the Monterey Bay Coastal Trail
- Explore the Elkhorn Slough
- Whale watching
The area is well known for its beautiful coastline and sea life. The Monterey Bay Aquarium is recognized as one of the biggest aquariums located in North America and is a popular tourist attraction. Visitors are allowed to check out the original structures at the Carmel Mission. Cannery Row was the site of the flourishing fishing industry but is now a popular tourist attraction featuring numerous restaurants and a variety of shops. Other noteworthy attractions in the area include:
- The Larkin House
- 17 mile scenic Drive
- Pebble Beach Golf Resort
- Royal Presidio Chapel
- The Cooper-Molera Adobe
- The Old Custom House
- Colton Hall