Guilford, Connecticut

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Guilford, Connecticut

Introduction to Guilford, Connecticut

Guilford, Connecticut is 12 miles E of New Haven, Connecticut and 77 miles NE of New York, New York. It is in New Haven county. The town is part of the New Haven - Meriden metro area. The population of Guilford is 21,398.

Guilford History

A group of English Puritans arrived in Quinnipiac colony, whic is now known as New Haven, in 1639. Reverend Henry Whitfield negotiated with the local Native American sachem, Shaumpishuh, for a tract of land. The area was known as Menuncatuck at that time. The community later changed the name to Guilford, after a town in England. The colony prospered due to income from the rich local fields and orchards. The Connecticut Turnpike was constructed in the 20th century and catalyzed the development of the town.

Guilford and nearby Attractions

  • Henry Whitfield State Historical Museum
  • Guilford Historic Town Center
  • Old Stone House
  • Strawberry Hill Shopping Center
  • Spinning Mill Brook
  • Chaffinch Island State Park

Things To Do In Guilford

The Henry Whitfield State Historical Museum, the Thomas Griswold House, the Hyland House and the Henry Whitfield State Museum are all very easily accessible from the town and provide valuable information about the region's history. The Strawberry Hill Shopping Center, Westwoods Plaza Shopping Center and Guilford Plaza Shopping Center are ideal destinations for those who like to shop. In addition, the town hosts celebrations like the Guilford Fair and the Little Folks' Fair every year.

Guilford Transportation

Air transportation is available at Tweed-New Haven Airport.

Guilford Higher Education

Quinnipiac University, Gateway Community College and Yale University offer opportunities for higher education.

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High Points

Guilford strengths, compared to Peers (similar size places nationally) or State (other places in Connecticut):

Category Trophy
College Educated Adults
(vs. Peers)
Top 9% Guilford College Educated Adults
Low Property Crime
(vs. Peers)
Top 19% Guilford Low Property Crime

Comparative Profile of Guilford, Connecticut

Comparing Guilford to similar size places nationwide (Peers) and to other places in Connecticut (State):

Ratings range from 1 (lowest) to 10 (highest).

The People

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Age of the Population 10 9
Male Share of the Population 6 3
Female Share of the Population 5 8
Senior Citizens 4 5
Racial Diversity 4 6
Children Under 5 Years Old 4 5


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Portion of People Married 9 7
Average Household Size 7 6


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
College Educated Adults 10 9


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Seasonal and Vacation Housing 10 8


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Low Property Crime 9 6
Low Violent Crime 7 4

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Guilford Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 12 miles E of New Haven, Connecticut (center to center)
Nearest Large City 77 miles NE of New York, New York
County New Haven
Standard Zip Codes 06437
Phone Area Codes 203
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 41.288
Longitude -72.682

Guilford Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)
Distance 13.7 miles
Jan Temp 17 to 35 F
Apr Temp 37 to 57 F
Jul Temp 62 to 83 F
Oct Temp 41 to 62 F
Annual Precip 52.7 inches
Distance 21 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 38 F
Apr Temp 40 to 55 F
Jul Temp 66 to 80 F
Oct Temp 48 to 63 F
Annual Precip 45.9 inches
Distance 35.1 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 34 F
Apr Temp 33 to 58 F
Jul Temp 58 to 83 F
Oct Temp 36 to 62 F
Annual Precip 51 inches
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Guilford Population (2000)

Category Count Percent
Total Population 21,398 100%
Male 10,299 48.1%
Female 11,099 51.9%
Under 18 5,438 25.4%
18+ 15,960 74.6%
65+ 2,748 12.8%
Median Age 41.8
Average Family Size 3.04
White 20,550 96%
African-American 200 0.9%
Asian 352 1.6%
American Indian & Alaskan 10 0%
Other 88 0.4%
Mixed Race 198 0.9%
Hispanic (included in categories above) 455 2.1%

Estimated Guilford Population Growth 2000-2005

Category Value
Est. 2005 Population 22,307
Growth 909
Growth % 4.2%

Guilford Ancestry

(From 2000 Census, as reported by individuals)

Note: This is national, not racial, ancestry, so, e.g., the Census doesn't have categories for Hispanic and African-American people. CityTownInfo is currently gathering additional ancestry data for this site.
Ancestry Percent
Italian 22.9%
Irish 16%
English 12.2%
German 10.8%
Other (often includes Hispanic and African American) 6.2%
US/American 4.2%
Polish 3.6%
Swedish 3%
French (except Basque) 2.4%
Russian 1.8%
Scottish 1.7%
French Canadian 1.6%
Scotch-Irish 1.6%
British 1.4%
Norwegian 1.2%
Dutch 1%
Greek 0.7%
Lithuanian 0.6%
Ukrainian 0.6%
Austrian 0.6%
Hungarian 0.5%
Belgian 0.5%
Portuguese 0.5%
Danish 0.4%
European 0.4%
Canadian 0.4%
Welsh 0.4%
Finnish 0.3%
Slovak 0.2%
Lebanese 0.2%
Syrian 0.2%
Iranian 0.2%
Swiss 0.2%
Armenian 0.2%
Eastern European 0.2%
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Guilford Public Libraries

Guilford Free Library
Guilford, Connecticut
(860) 453-8282

library logo

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Featured Colleges in the Guilford Area (QuickSchools™)

quickinfoThese schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles).

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Guilford High Schools (2004)

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,117 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.3

A Non-traditional School

Guilford Colleges

(List of Connecticut Colleges)

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