Introduction to Dover, Delaware

Dover is the capital of Delaware and is located in Kent County. Its situated near the St. Jones River. The city received its name from William Penn in tribute to Dover, England. The Dover Air Force Base is situated in the area.


Dover was established in 1683. The city of Dover became the capital of Delaware in 1777. The central square of Dover recognized as "The Green" was the spot of numerous rallies and patriotic events. The well known American Revolution leader Caesar Rodney called Dover home. The topic of slavery was a contentious issue in Dover and the city was part of the Underground Railroad for slaves.

Electricity was brought to Dover in approximately 1900 when the local water plant became known as the Light and Water Plant and installed its first steam generating facility. Dover experienced significant expansion after World War I ended and after World War II was over. In 1937 the International Laytex Corporation was the first significant corporation to locate in Dover that was not involved in agriculture.


Dover is served by the New Castle Airport as well as by the Wicomico Regional Airport located in Salisbury, Maryland. The Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport located in Baltimore and the Philadelphia International Airport also serve Dover. DART First State offers bus service in Dover.


The Schwartz Center for the Arts offers ballet and music by the Dover Symphony Orchestra. It was formerly the Dover Opera House which was constructed in 1904. The building has been renovated. The Sewell C. Biggs Museum of American Art is located in the historic district of Dover and provides art collections going back to the Colonial days and up to the present. Visitors have the opportunity to view the historic government buildings in downtown Dover. The Dover International Speedway is a very popular site for NASCAR racing. Silver Lake is a popular area for residents and visitors.


Delaware State University and Wesley College are located in Dover. The Terry Campus is located in Dover and is part of Delaware Technical & Community College. Dover is also home to satellite campuses for the University of Delaware and Wilmington University.

Wesley College is a private college and was established in 1873. The college provides students with a variety of bachelors degree opportunities and master degrees in nursing, business administration, education as well as environmental science.


Total Population 37,144
Male Share of the Population 48%
Female Share of the Population 52%
Senior Citizens 14.3%
Employed Population 16+ 15,997
Age of the Population 30


% of people married 33.8%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 28.9%
Median Earnings25+ $31,943
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $16,339
Median Earnings With High School Degree $25,192


Median Family Income $58,398
% Above Poverty Level 80%
% Below Poverty Level 20%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 22 minutes
% Working from Home 3.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work 4.3%
% Using Public Transportation 3%


People Living Alone 33.6%
Median Gross Rent $949
Median House Value $176,300


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 49.6%
US/American 0.1%
English 6.6%
Irish 9.4%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Dover Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 35 miles SW of Vineland, New Jersey (center to center)
Nearest Large City 58 miles S of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
County Kent
Metro Area Dover
Standard Zip Codes 19901, 19902, 19904, 19906
P.O. Box Zip Codes 19903, 19905
Phone Area Codes 302
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 39.158
Longitude -75.524

Dover Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station DOVER
Distance 0.7 miles
Jan Temp 27 to 44 F
Apr Temp 44 to 65 F
Jul Temp 68 to 87 F
Oct Temp 49 to 69 F
Annual Precip 46.2 inches
Distance 19.8 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 42 F
Apr Temp 41 to 65 F
Jul Temp 65 to 87 F
Oct Temp 45 to 68 F
Annual Precip 44.7 inches
Station DENTON 2 E
Distance 24.1 miles
Jan Temp 25 to 44 F
Apr Temp 42 to 67 F
Jul Temp 65 to 89 F
Oct Temp 45 to 70 F
Annual Precip 43.2 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Camden 3,501 $64,583
Cheswold 1,219 $60,500
Leipsic 118 $56,250
Little Creek 190 $47,143
Woodside 150 $68,750
Wyoming 1,673 $67,167

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Dover Public Libraries

Dover Public Library
Dover, Delaware
(302) 736-7030
Kent County Library/division Of Libraries
Dover, Delaware
(302) 698-6440

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Dover Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(302) 744-7013
Emergency Service: Yes

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Dover High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,583 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.2

A Special Education School
Serves 175 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7

A Special Education School
Serves 49 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7

A Special Education School
Serves 29 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 2.9

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