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Overview

Introduction to Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C. is the capital city of the United States. The city of Washington is part of the District of Columbia ("D.C."), the federal district encompassing the city. Washington is surrounded by the states of Virginia (to the west and southwest) and Maryland (on its other sides). Principal thoroughfares servicing the Washington area include Interstate I-495 (also known as the Capital Beltway); Interstates I-66, I-95, I-295, I-395; and U.S. Route 50. Public transportation in the city is provided by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, which operates a regional subway (Metrorail) and bus (Metrobus) system. The Washington area is served by three major airports: Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport located in Arlington, Virginia; Washington Dulles International Airport in Dulles, Virginia; and Baltimore-Washington International Airport located just outside of Baltimore, Maryland. Educational institutions in the city include the Catholic University of America, Georgetown University, and Howard University.

Named after the nation's first president, Washington houses the core of all three branches of the U.S. federal government. The city also serves as the headquarters of several national and international institutions, including the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. Although the city has a mayor and a municipal government, Congress has the ultimate authority over the city and district, whose residents do not have elected representatives in either branch of the federal legislature.

The genesis of Washington's designation as the capital of the newly formed United States of America came about in 1790 when Congress directed a new capital site to be located along the Potomac at a site chosen by President Washington. In December of 1800 the seat of government was transferred from Philadelphia to Washington and President John Adams became the first inhabitant of the White House. The layout of the new city was originally formulated by Maj. Pierre Charles L'Enfant, a French engineer. The city came under attack during the War of 1812 when British forces set fire to several public buildings, including the Capitol, the White House, and the Treasury building in August, 1814. During the Civil War, in July of 1864, Confederate forces made a brief raid into Washington and were later repelled, culminating in the Battle of Fort Stevens.

Washington, DC Attractions

Washington is home to dozens of national landmarks and attractions. The National Mall, which connects the White House and the Capitol buildings, is an open area containing several structures including the Washington Monument. Located nearby are other significant points of interest including the Lincoln Memorial, Jefferson Memorial, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, National World War II Memorial, Korean War and Vietnam Veterans Memorials, District of Columbia War Memorial, Albert Einstein Memorial, and Franciscan Monastery. The National Archives and the Library of Congress serve as repositories for thousands of historic documents of importance to the nation, including the Constitution, Bill of Rights, and the Declaration of Independence. The city is also home to several museums, many of which are part of the world-famous Smithsonian Institution. Among these are the Hirshhorn Museum, the National Air and Space Museum, the National Museum of American History, and the National Museum of the American Indian. Washington is also a major center for the performing arts. Among its principal venues are the Lincoln Theatre and the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, home to the National Symphony Orchestra, the Washington Ballet, and the Washington National Opera.

Other points of interest in the District of Columbia include the following:

  • Chinatown
  • Blair House
  • Folger Shakespeare Library
  • Ford's Theatre
  • Frederick Douglass National Historic Site
  • International Spy Museum
  • National Building Museum
  • National Geographic Society
  • African American Civil War Memorial
  • Frederick Douglass Museum
  • Discovery Creek Children's Museum of Washington
  • DAR (Daughters of the American Revolution) Museum and Library

Washington is home to several sports franchises encompassing just about every major professional sport. Teams representing the city include the following:

  • Washington Nationals (Major League Baseball): RFK Stadium
  • Washington Redskins (National Football League): FedExField (Landover, Maryland)
  • Washington Wizards (National Basketball Association): Verizon Center
  • Washington Mystics (WNBA): Verizon Center
  • Washington Capitals (National Hockey League): Verizon Center
  • D.C. United (Major League Soccer): RFK Stadium
  • Washington Bayhawks (Major League Lacrosse): Multi-Sport Field

People

Total Population 647,484
Male Share of the Population 47.4%
Female Share of the Population 52.6%
Senior Citizens 11.3%
Employed Population 16+ 335,224
Age of the Population 34

Families

% of people married 27.3%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 54.6%
Median Earnings25+ $56,137
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $22,792
Median Earnings With High School Degree $29,756

Wealth

Median Family Income $85,321
% Above Poverty Level 82%
% Below Poverty Level 18%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 30 minutes
% Working from Home 5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 16.9%
% Using Public Transportation 37.4%

Housing

People Living Alone 43.8%
Median Gross Rent $1,327
Median House Value $475,800

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 52.5%
US/American 0.1%
English 5.1%
Irish 6.6%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Washington Almanac

Category Value
County Washington
Standard Zip Codes 20001, 20002, 20003, 20004, 20005, 20006, 20007, 20008, 20009, 20010, 20011, 20012, 20015, 20016, 20017, 20018, 20019, 20020, 20024, 20032, 20036, 20037, 20045, 20099, 20260, 20336, 20374, 20376, 20388, 20391, 20398, 20500
P.O. Box Zip Codes 20013, 20022, 20023, 20026, 20027, 20029, 20030, 20033, 20035, 20038, 20039, 20040, 20041, 20043, 20044, 20050, 20056, 20088, 20090, 20091
Company Zip Codes 20042, 20046, 20047, 20049, 20051, 20052, 20053, 20055, 20057, 20058, 20059, 20060, 20061, 20062, 20063, 20064, 20065, 20066, 20067, 20068, 20069, 20070, 20071, 20073, 20074, 20075, 20076, 20077, 20078, 20080, 20081, 20082, 20097, 20098, 20201, 20202, 20203, 20204, 20206, 20207, 20208, 20210, 202
Phone Area Codes 202
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 38.89
Longitude -77.02

Washington Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station WASHINGTON REAGAN NTL AP
Distance 1.8 miles
Jan Temp 27 to 43 F
Apr Temp 46 to 66 F
Jul Temp 70 to 88 F
Oct Temp 50 to 68 F
Annual Precip 39.3 inches
Station NATIONAL ARBORETUM DC
Distance 2.1 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 43 F
Apr Temp 42 to 66 F
Jul Temp 67 to 89 F
Oct Temp 44 to 69 F
Annual Precip 43.7 inches
Station UPPER MARLBORO 3 NNW
Distance 12.8 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 43 F
Apr Temp 41 to 65 F
Jul Temp 65 to 87 F
Oct Temp 42 to 68 F
Annual Precip 43.6 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Washington, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Dulles International Airp (20041)

Fort Lesley J McNair (20024)

Fort McNair (20024)

Friendship Heights (20088)

General Delivery (20090)

Military Sealift Command (20398)

Pentagon (20050)

Washing (20032)

Washington Na (20374, 20376, 20388, 20391, 20398)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Washington Public Libraries

Library
District Of Columbia Public Library
"901 G STREET, N.W. (ROOM 400)"
Washington, District of Columbia
(202) 727-1101
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Washington Hospitals

GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIV HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
901 23RD ST NW
(202) 716-4605
Emergency Service: Yes

HOWARD UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
2041 GEORGIA AVE NW
(202) 745-6100
Emergency Service: Yes

GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
3800 RESERVIOR RD
(202) 784-3000
Emergency Service: Yes

WASHINGTON HOSPITAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
110 IRVING ST NW
(202) 877-7000
Emergency Service: Yes

SIBLEY MEMORIAL HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
5255 LOUGHBORO RD NW
(202) 537-4680
Emergency Service: Yes

PROVIDENCE HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
1150 VARNUM ST NE
(202) 269-7000
Emergency Service: Yes

GREATER SOUTHEAST COMMUNITY HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
1310 SOUTHERN AVE SE
(202) 574-6000
Emergency Service: Yes

Washington DC VA Medical Center
(VA)
50 Irving Street, NW
(202) 745-8000 or (888) 553-0242
Emergency Service:

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
 
Results:  5
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Washington High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

EDISON-FRIENDSHIP PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOL
1345 POTOMAC AVE. SE
202-547-5800
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 3,017 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 42.5

TUITION GRANT
825 NORTH CAPITOL ST. NE
202-724-4800
A Special Education School
Serves 2,033 students.

WILSON HIGH SCHOOL
3950 CHESAPEAKE ST NW
202-282-0120
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,442 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.5

BALLOU HIGH SCHOOL
3401 4TH ST SE
202-767-7071
A Title I School.
Serves 1,090 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16

DUNBAR HIGH SCHOOL
1301 NEW JERSEY AVE NW
202-672-7233
A Title I School.
Serves 912 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.3

EASTERN HIGH SCHOOL
1700 E CAPITOL ST NE
202-724-4805
A Title I School.
Serves 911 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.7

CARDOZO HIGH SCHOOL
1300 CLIFTON ST NW
202-673-7385
A Title I School.
Serves 814 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.6

COOLIDGE HIGH SCHOOL
6315 5TH ST NW
202-576-6143
A Title I School.
Serves 795 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.7

ROOSEVELT HIGH SCHOOL
4301 13TH ST NW
202-576-6130
A Title I School.
Serves 793 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.8

BELL HIGH SCHOOL
3145 HIATT PL NW
202-673-7314
A Vocational School
A Title I School.
Serves 723 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.2

HYDE LEADERSHIP PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOL
101 T STREET NE
202-529-4400
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 699 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.7

WOODSON HIGH SCHOOL
5500 EADS ST NE
202-724-4500
A Title I School.
Serves 695 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11

ANACOSTIA HIGH SCHOOL
1601 16TH ST SE
202-767-7040
A Title I School.
Serves 618 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.9

SPINGARN HIGH SCHOOL
2500 BENNING RD NE
202-724-5295
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 573 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.9

NEW SCHOOL FOR ENTERPRISE AND DEV PCS
1920 BLADENSBURG RD NE
202-832-1000
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 474 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.5

VILLAGE LEANING CENTER PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOL
702 15TH ST. NE
202-396-7585
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 468 students.

ELLINGTON SCHOOL OF THE ARTS
1698 35TH ST NW
202-282-0123
A Magnet School.
Serves 457 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.8

BANNEKER HIGH SCHOOL
800 EUCLID ST NW
202-673-7322
A Magnet School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 412 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.3

INTEGRATED DESIGN ELECTRONICS ACADEMY PCS
1027 45TH STREET NE
202-399-4750
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 346 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.2

SCHOOL WITHOUT WALLS
2130 G ST NW
202-724-4889
A Magnet School.
Serves 325 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12

WASHINGTON MATH/SCIENCE/TECHNOLOGY PCS
770 M ST. SE
202-488-1996
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 319 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.3

SEED PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOL
4300 C ST. SE
202-547-5651
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 308 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 9.6

WASHINGTON M.M. SHS
27 O ST NW
202-673-7224
A Vocational School
A Title I School.
Serves 287 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.7

RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS
825 NORTH CAPITOL ST. NE
202-724-4800
A Special Education School
Serves 287 students.

CHILD & FAMILY SERVICES
825 NORTH CAPITOL ST. NE
202-724-4800
A Special Education School
Serves 285 students.

CESAR CHAVEZ PUBLIC POLICY PCS
1346 FLORIDA AVE. NW
202-387-6980
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 249 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 9.6

MOORE LUKE ACADEMY
1000 MONROE ST NE
202-576-7006
A Non-traditional School
Serves 225 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15

BUSINESS & FIN. SWSC WOODSON
5500 EADS ST NE
202-724-4512
Serves 209 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.1

BOOKER T. WASHINGTON PCS
1346 FLORIDA AVE. NW
202-232-6090
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 209 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.9

SHARPE HEALTH SCHOOL
4300 13TH ST NW
202-576-6161
A Special Education School
A Title I School.
Serves 206 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 4.7

THURGOOD MARSHALL ACADEMY PCS
421 ALABAMA AVENUE SE
202-563-6862
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 156 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.1

PRE-ENGINEERING SWSC DUNBAR
1301 NEW JERSEY AVE NW
202-673-7233
Serves 150 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.7

MARRIOTT HOSPITALITY PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOL
410 8TH STREET NW
202-737-6337
A Charter School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 141 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.1

CARLOS ROSARIO INTERNATIONAL PCS
1724 KALORAMA ROAD NE
202-234-6522
A Charter School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 131 students.

KAMIT INSTITUTE PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOL
100 PEABODY STREET NW
202-723-7888
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 114 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.3

MAYA ANGELOU PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOL
1851 9TH STREET NW
202-939-9080
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 103 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 5.4

WASHINGTON CENTER SPECIAL EDUCATION
27 O ST NW
202-671-2692
Serves 87 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 8.7

JOSE-ARZ ACADEMY PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOL
220 TAYLOR ST. NE
202-269-6004
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 52 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7.4

CHOICE SHS PROGRAM
2600 DOUGLASS PL SE
202-678-1578
A Non-traditional School
Serves 29 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 3.6

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Historic Washington

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President's Office (White House) 1904 May.

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President's Office (White House) 1904 May.

The Red Room (White House) 1904 (est.)

Ebbitt House c1903.

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