Introduction to Alachua, Florida

Alachua, Florida, in Alachua county, is 9 miles NW of Gainesville, Florida (center to center) and 61 miles SW of Jacksonville, Florida. The city is located in the Gainesville area.

Alachua History

The area on which the Alachua county settlement was established was originally home to the Indian civilization Timucuan. DeSoto and other Spanish explorers visited during the 16th century and following their explorations, numerous missions were initiated by Franciscan priests. The community of Alachua was established along a railroad line in 1884. The name "Alachua" was derived from an Indian term meaning "sink." A post office was built in 1887, and Alachua was incorporated as a city in April of 1905.

Alachua and Nearby Attractions

  • Dudley Farm Historic State Park.
  • Florida Museum of Natural History.
  • Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings State Historic Site.
  • Jacksonville Zoo.
  • San Felasco Hammock Preserve State Park.

Things To Do In Alachua

The David Browning Railroad Museum, and Florida Museum of Natural History showcase exhibits of historical importance. The Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art features collections of West African art, Asian art, contemporary art and photography. Dudley Farm Historical State Park, which is located near Alachua, is a restored living history farm encompassing 325 acres. Author Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings' retreat, now known as the Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings State Historic Site, is also close by. The 6,900-acre San Felasco Hammock Preserve State Park, and the 21,000-acre Paynes Prairie State Preserve include nature trails and horse trails, and also offer facilities for biking, boating, fishing, picnicking and camping. Another popular place to visit is the O'Leno State Park.

Alachua Transportation

Gainesville Regional Airport is the closest major airport.

Alachua Higher Education

Colleges close to Alachua include the University of Florida, Santa Fe Community College and Central Florida Community College.


Total Population 9,435
Male Share of the Population 46.5%
Female Share of the Population 53.5%
Senior Citizens 14.9%
Employed Population 16+ 4,292
Age of the Population 38


% of people married 52.6%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 37.6%
Median Earnings25+ $37,643
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $22,050
Median Earnings With High School Degree $23,762


Median Family Income $70,972
% Above Poverty Level 85.1%
% Below Poverty Level 14.9%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 24 minutes
% Working from Home 3.3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.4%
% Using Public Transportation %


People Living Alone 32.6%
Median Gross Rent $920
Median House Value $159,800


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 28.2%
US/American 0%
English 12.8%
Irish 8.6%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Alachua Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 9 miles NW of Gainesville, Florida (center to center)
Nearest Large City 61 miles SW of Jacksonville, Florida
County Alachua
Metro Area Gainesville
Standard Zip Codes 32615
P.O. Box Zip Codes 32616
Phone Area Codes 386
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 29.751
Longitude -82.425

Alachua Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 6.5 miles
Jan Temp 42 to 67 F
Apr Temp 54 to 81 F
Jul Temp 70 to 92 F
Oct Temp 57 to 83 F
Annual Precip 49.5 inches
Distance 8.9 miles
Jan Temp 44 to 67 F
Apr Temp 56 to 80 F
Jul Temp 72 to 91 F
Oct Temp 61 to 82 F
Annual Precip 49.4 inches
Distance 11.9 miles
Jan Temp 41 to 68 F
Apr Temp 54 to 82 F
Jul Temp 71 to 91 F
Oct Temp 58 to 82 F
Annual Precip 54.1 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Alachua, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Santa Fe (32615)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Brooker 394 $47,188
Gainesville 127,559 $53,784
High Springs 5,591 $67,394
La Crosse 261 $51,389
Newberry 5,307 $62,839
Worthington Springs 616 $30,889

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

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Alachua High Schools

16331 NW US HIGHWAY 441
Serves 1,214 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.3

Study Online in Alachua
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