Introduction to Alachua, Florida

Alachua, Florida, in Alachua county, is 9 miles NW of Gainesville, Florida (center to center) and 61 miles SW of Jacksonville, Florida. The city is located in the Gainesville area.

Alachua History

The area on which the Alachua county settlement was established was originally home to the Indian civilization Timucuan. DeSoto and other Spanish explorers visited during the 16th century and following their explorations, numerous missions were initiated by Franciscan priests. The community of Alachua was established along a railroad line in 1884. The name "Alachua" was derived from an Indian term meaning "sink." A post office was built in 1887, and Alachua was incorporated as a city in April of 1905.

Alachua and Nearby Attractions

  • Dudley Farm Historic State Park.
  • Florida Museum of Natural History.
  • Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings State Historic Site.
  • Jacksonville Zoo.
  • San Felasco Hammock Preserve State Park.

Things To Do In Alachua

The David Browning Railroad Museum, and Florida Museum of Natural History showcase exhibits of historical importance. The Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art features collections of West African art, Asian art, contemporary art and photography. Dudley Farm Historical State Park, which is located near Alachua, is a restored living history farm encompassing 325 acres. Author Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings' retreat, now known as the Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings State Historic Site, is also close by. The 6,900-acre San Felasco Hammock Preserve State Park, and the 21,000-acre Paynes Prairie State Preserve include nature trails and horse trails, and also offer facilities for biking, boating, fishing, picnicking and camping. Another popular place to visit is the O'Leno State Park.

Alachua Transportation

Gainesville Regional Airport is the closest major airport.

Alachua Higher Education

Colleges close to Alachua include the University of Florida, Santa Fe Community College and Central Florida Community College.


Total Population 9,435
Male Share of the Population 46.5%
Female Share of the Population 53.5%
Senior Citizens 14.9%
Employed Population 16+ 4,292
Age of the Population 38


% of people married 52.6%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 37.6%
Median Earnings25+ $37,643
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $22,050
Median Earnings With High School Degree $23,762


Median Family Income $70,972
% Above Poverty Level 85.1%
% Below Poverty Level 14.9%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 24 minutes
% Working from Home 3.3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.4%
% Using Public Transportation %


People Living Alone 32.6%
Median Gross Rent $920
Median House Value $159,800


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 28.2%
US/American 0%
English 12.8%
Irish 8.6%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Alachua Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 9 miles NW of Gainesville, Florida (center to center)
Nearest Large City 61 miles SW of Jacksonville, Florida
County Alachua
Metro Area Gainesville
Standard Zip Codes 32615
P.O. Box Zip Codes 32616
Phone Area Codes 386
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 29.751
Longitude -82.425

Alachua Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 6.5 miles
Jan Temp 42 to 67 F
Apr Temp 54 to 81 F
Jul Temp 70 to 92 F
Oct Temp 57 to 83 F
Annual Precip 49.5 inches
Distance 8.9 miles
Jan Temp 44 to 67 F
Apr Temp 56 to 80 F
Jul Temp 72 to 91 F
Oct Temp 61 to 82 F
Annual Precip 49.4 inches
Distance 11.9 miles
Jan Temp 41 to 68 F
Apr Temp 54 to 82 F
Jul Temp 71 to 91 F
Oct Temp 58 to 82 F
Annual Precip 54.1 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Alachua, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Santa Fe (32615)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Brooker 394 $47,188
Gainesville 127,559 $53,784
High Springs 5,591 $67,394
La Crosse 261 $51,389
Newberry 5,307 $62,839
Worthington Springs 616 $30,889

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Click the Visit School Site buttons to go directly to a school's website and learn more about the school and programs it has to offer. School website will open in a new tab.
Click the Request Info buttons to request more information from a representative at the school.

Results:  5
Matching School Ads
  • Online Associate Degree to Master Degree Nursing program
  • Online Bachelor Degree to Master Degree Nursing program
  • Master of Public Administration
  • Listed as one of the top National Universities for 2015 by U.S. News and World Report.
  • Named to the President's Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll by the Corporation for National and Community Service for the seventh straight year in 2013.
  • Has a 97% satisfaction rate among its 2013 graduates. 
  • Offers more than 100 degree options including programs in education, law, nursing, and more.
  • Provides classes at its San Francisco campus, branch campuses throughout the bay area and Sacramento, and online.
  • Master of Arts in Law - Non-Profit Management
  • Bachelor of Arts in English - Self-Designed
  • Bachelor of Science in Professional Studies
  • Recognized as a Top 20 Best Online Bachelor’s Program by U.S. News & World Report in 2016.
  • Online, campus-based, and evening courses offered in 95 areas of study, including Business, Nursing, Psychology, & more.
  • Endorsed by G.I. Jobs and Military Advanced Education magazine as a Military Friendly School in 2015.
  • Features small class sizes, with a student-to-faculty ratio of 23 to 1.
  • 88% of Regent University students receive financial aid, with $18 million awarded in institutional scholarships & aid each year.
  • Psychology (BA) (Online)
  • Business Administration - Accounting (BS) (Online)
  • Business Administration - Healthcare Management (BS) (Online)
  • Designated as a 2015 Military Friendly® School by Victory Media, publishers of G.I. Jobs®.
  • Each program is designed to instill the knowledge, ethical values, and interpersonal skills of professional practice and to foster values of social responsibility.
  • Offers several flexible learning options, including a blended format that combines campus and online learning.
  • Several scholarship opportunities are available for students who qualify.
UNC Kenan-Flagler is one of the world's top-ranked business schools. At UNC Kenan-Flagler, you develop the skills that make you a highly effective leader and prepare you for long-term career success. The strength of the UNC Kenan-Flagler MBA degree comes from a school culture in which members live the business school's core values of excellence, leadership, teamwork, integrity and community.
  • Doctor of Education: Community Care & Counseling: Marriage & Family
  • Doctor of Ministry: Evangelism & Church Planting
  • M.Div: Homiletics
  • Liberty University’s online programs ranked in the top 10 out of more than 2,100 colleges & universities for academic quality, affordability, and accessibility.*
  • 100% online programs at associate, bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral level.**
  • Transfer up to 90 credits into an undergraduate degree program.
  • Up to 50% of your master’s degree can be transferred in to help you get the most out of your hard work and maximize the credit you previously earned.

Alachua High Schools

16331 NW US HIGHWAY 441
Serves 1,214 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.3

Study Online in Alachua
Additional Resources
Info for Alachua Government Officials

Are you an official in the Alachua government or quasi-government agency such as the chamber of commerce, visitors bureau or economic development council? If so, visit our information page for government officials to see how CityTownInfo can support you.

Back to Top