Introduction to Green Cove Springs, Florida

Green Cove Springs, Florida, in Clay county, is 23 miles S of Jacksonville, Florida The city is conveniently located inside the Jacksonville metropolitan area.

Green Cove Springs History

Green Cove Springs was originally inhabited by Native Americans who were attracted to the area because of the existence of a warm mineral spring in the area. George E. Clarke was the first person to take initiative in developing the area, which began when he built a sawmill here in 1816. It was incorporated in 1854 as White Sulfur Springs. It was renamed Green Cove Springs in 1866, and became a county seat in 1871.

Green Cove Springs and Nearby Attractions

  • Castillo de San Marcos National Monument.
  • Kingsley Plantation.
  • Guana River State Park.
  • Saint Augustine Lighthouse & Museum.

Things To Do In Green Cove Springs

Historic sites such as the Castillo de San Marcos National Monument and the Cummer Museum of Art and Gardens may be visited from Green Cove. Those interested in art may enjoy a visit to art galleries like the Erbco Art Gallery and the Jacksonville Museum of Contemporary Art. Local parks include Worthington Park and Guana River State Park. At Guana River State Park, hiking, boating and fishing can all be enjoyed.

Green Cove Springs Transportation

Jacksonville International is the nearest major airport.

Green Cove Springs Higher Education

Nearby colleges and universities include the University of North Florida, Saint Johns River Community College, Florida Community College, the University of Florida and Santa Fe Community College.


Total Population 7,054
Male Share of the Population 51.2%
Female Share of the Population 48.8%
Senior Citizens 16.3%
Employed Population 16+ 2,531
Age of the Population 41


% of people married 44.4%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 21.2%
Median Earnings25+ $27,891
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $18,429
Median Earnings With High School Degree $24,632


Median Family Income $51,200
% Above Poverty Level 84.3%
% Below Poverty Level 15.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 25 minutes
% Working from Home 7.2%
% Walking and Biking to Work 0.5%
% Using Public Transportation 0.9%


People Living Alone 24.2%
Median Gross Rent $796
Median House Value $133,600


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 36.7%
US/American 0.1%
English 8.6%
Irish 11%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Green Cove Springs Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 23 miles S of Jacksonville, Florida
County Clay
Metro Area Jacksonville
Standard Zip Codes 32043
Phone Area Codes 904
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 29.991
Longitude -81.678

Green Cove Springs Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 16.7 miles
Jan Temp 45 to 64 F
Apr Temp 58 to 79 F
Jul Temp 74 to 90 F
Oct Temp 63 to 79 F
Annual Precip 48.9 inches
Distance 18.8 miles
Jan Temp 48 to 67 F
Apr Temp 58 to 81 F
Jul Temp 73 to 92 F
Oct Temp 65 to 81 F
Annual Precip 50.5 inches
Distance 21.8 miles
Jan Temp 44 to 68 F
Apr Temp 54 to 80 F
Jul Temp 70 to 92 F
Oct Temp 61 to 82 F
Annual Precip 51.9 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Hastings 682 $53,281
Jacksonville 846,951 $58,185
Orange Park 8,545 $58,841
Palatka 10,414 $29,311
Penney Farms 618 $51,667
St. Augustine 13,676 $56,683

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

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Orange Park
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Green Cove Springs High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,300 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.6

A Non-traditional School
Serves 149 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7.5

Serves 34 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 1.9

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