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Overview

Introduction to Columbus, Georgia

Columbus is a city located in Georgia's Muscogee County. Situated in the west central part of the state near the Alabama state line, Columbus lies about 90 miles southwest of Georgia's capital (Atlanta) and approximately 80 miles east of the city of Montgomery, Alabama. Columbus is serviced by Interstate I-185 and also by U.S. Routes 27, 80, 280, and 431.

Known as the Fountain City for the numerous fountains installed there early in the 20th century, Columbus is also the birthplace of Coca Cola and the home of Columbus State University. Fort Benning Military Reservation, a premiere U.S. Army training facility and the region's principal employer, is located in Columbus, which is also the corporate headquarters of many companies such as AFLAC Insurance and Carmike Cinemas.

Once the site of a Creek Indian Village, Columbus was established in 1828 as a trading post to strengthen Georgia's western border. Named after Christopher Columbus, the city became one of the most significant industrial centers of the South in the mid 19th century, owing to its prominence in the textile industry. In later years, Columbus underwent modernization and a training camp for soldiers was established in the area. Known at the time as Camp Benning, the camp would later evolve into the present day Fort Benning. During the latter part of the 20th century, the city experienced a significant period of urban renewal and revitalization. This effort has resulted in a welcome expansion of commercial activity which is still ongoing today.

Columbus Places of Interest

Columbus offers its visitors and residents a wide variety of fine attractions. The Port Columbus Civil War Naval Museum, the nation's only Civil War naval museum, is a living structure which chronicles the Civil War era. The National Infantry Museum contains a large collection of military art and artifacts and focus on the role of the American Infantryman through two centuries of valor. Some of the other notable attractions in the city include the following:

  • Coca-Cola Space Science Center: Includes replicas of an Apollo capsule and Space Shuttle
  • Heritage Corner: Features the birthplace of Coca-Cola
  • Andersonville: The former Camp Sumter, once the largest of the Confederate military prisons
  • Little Whitehouse: Built by future President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 while governor of New York
  • F.D. Roosevelt State Park: A 10,000-acre park located on Pine Mountain
  • Warm Springs Village: A Victorian village with more than 65 shops
  • Westville: An authentically restored 1850s village which depicts life in pre-industrial Georgia
  • Springer Opera House
  • Callaway Gardens
  • Columbus Museum
  • Oxbow Meadows
  • Pine Mountain Wild Animal Safari
  • Providence Canyon

Columbus is home to two professional sports teams. The Columbus Catfish are a Class A minor league baseball team playing in the South Atlantic League. The Catfish are affiliated with Major League Baseball's Tampa Bay Devil Rays. The Columbus Cottonmouths are a professional ice hockey team who play their home games at Columbus Civic Center. The "Mouths" are members of the Southern Professional Hockey League (SPHL). Columbus is also notable for being the home of the 2006 Little League World Champions. The city's team represented the state of Georgia in the tournament and defeated the team from Japan in August, 2006 to capture the championship of the 60th Little League Baseball World Series.

People

Total Population 200,285
Male Share of the Population 49.1%
Female Share of the Population 50.9%
Senior Citizens 11.7%
Employed Population 16+ 86,104
Age of the Population 34

Families

% of people married 39.5%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 24.1%
Median Earnings25+ $30,543
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $15,836
Median Earnings With High School Degree $22,799

Wealth

Median Family Income $53,171
% Above Poverty Level 79.5%
% Below Poverty Level 20.5%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 20 minutes
% Working from Home 7.3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 1.4%
% Using Public Transportation 1.2%

Housing

People Living Alone 31.4%
Median Gross Rent $830
Median House Value $134,500

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 57%
US/American 0%
English 6.1%
Irish 8.1%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Columbus Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 95 miles S of Atlanta, Georgia
County Muscogee
Metro Area Columbus
Standard Zip Codes 31829, 31901, 31903, 31904, 31905, 31906, 31907, 31909, 31993, 31994
P.O. Box Zip Codes 31902, 31908, 31914, 31917, 31995
Company Zip Codes 31997, 31998, 31999
Phone Area Codes 706
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 32.46
Longitude -84.987

Columbus Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station COLUMBUS METRO AP
Distance 4.4 miles
Jan Temp 37 to 57 F
Apr Temp 52 to 77 F
Jul Temp 72 to 92 F
Oct Temp 55 to 77 F
Annual Precip 48.5 inches
Station OPELIKA
Distance 30.5 miles
Jan Temp 33 to 55 F
Apr Temp 47 to 75 F
Jul Temp 68 to 90 F
Oct Temp 50 to 76 F
Annual Precip 56.4 inches
Station TALBOTTON
Distance 31.5 miles
Jan Temp 32 to 55 F
Apr Temp 47 to 75 F
Jul Temp 68 to 90 F
Oct Temp 49 to 74 F
Annual Precip 50.1 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Columbus, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Beallwood (31904)

Camp Rogers (31905)

Fort Benning (31905, 31995)

Upatoi (31829)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Hamilton 1,013 $43,250
Waverly Hall 891 $72,902

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Columbus Public Libraries

Library
Chattahoochee Valley Regional Library System
1120 BRADLEY DRIVE
Columbus, Georgia
(706) 649-0780
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Columbus Hospitals

COLUMBUS DOCTORS HOSPITAL, INC
(Proprietary)
616 19TH ST
(706) 571-4381
Emergency Service: Yes

HUGHSTON ORTHOPEDIC HOSPITAL
(Proprietary)
100 FRIST COURT PO BOX 7188
(706) 576-2100
Emergency Service: No

ST FRANCIS HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
2122 MANCHESTER EXPRESSWAY BOX 7000
(706) 596-4020
Emergency Service: Yes

MEDICAL CENTER, THE
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
710 CENTER ST BOX 951
(706) 571-1000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Conyers
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Nashville
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  • Accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges (ACCSC).

Columbus High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

CARVER HIGH SCHOOL
3100 EIGHTH STREET
706-649-0689
A Magnet School.
Serves 1,515 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.1

HARDAWAY HIGH SCHOOL
2901 COLLEGE DRIVE
706-649-0748
Serves 1,357 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.9

COLUMBUS HIGH SCHOOL
1700 CHEROKEE AVENUE
706-649-0701
A Magnet School.
Serves 1,264 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.2

SHAW HIGH SCHOOL
7601 SCHOMBURG ROAD
706-569-2567
Serves 1,173 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.2

SPENCER HIGH SCHOOL
4340 VICTORY DRIVE
706-685-7652
Serves 1,076 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.9

NORTHSIDE HIGH SCHOOL
2002 AMERICAN WAY
706-649-0852
Serves 1,049 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.1

KENDRICK HIGH SCHOOL
6015 GEORGETOWN DRIVE
706-569-2532
Serves 1,022 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.2

JORDAN VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
3200 HOWARD AVENUE
706-649-0769
Serves 936 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.6

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