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Overview

Introduction to Gainesville, Georgia

Gainesville is situated in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains in Hall County. A portion of the city is located along the shoreline of the popular Lake Lanier. Gainesville is known for being a major center for poultry processing and is the primary business center for Northeast Georgia. The municipality if known as the "Queen City of the Mountains." It has a subtropical climate and typically has mild weather during the winter and hot summers.

History

It was known as Mule Camp Springs during the 1800's. The city developed into an important transportation and commerce center. Soon after Hall County was established, Mule Camp Springs was selected as the location for the county's government. The name Gainesville was chosen as a tribute to General Edmund P. Gaines, who was a hero during the War of 1812.

The 1936 Tupelo-Gainesville Outbreak included numerous tornadoes and caused a lot of devastation. Flash flooding was also associated with the tornadoes and caused extensive damage. Two of the devastating tornadoes reached Gainesville. The Cooper Pants factory collapsed; a fire broke out and seventy people were killed. It was estimated that 203 people died and 40 were missing. After World War II ended, Jesse Jewel began the vast poultry processing industry which became a significant factor for the local economy.

Activities

Lake Lanier has an extensive shoreline and is a prominent location for camping, horseback riding, golfing and other activities and includes numerous marinas. The Appalachian Trail runs through the nearby Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forest which provides rugged hiking areas, white water rafting, canoeing, camping, fishing and scenic views. The Mule Camp Market is a notable festival. The Paradise Fun Park is a popular destination for families.

Higher Education

The city is home to Gainesville State College and Brenau University.

Attractions

  • Elachee Nature Science Center is a woodland refuge and contains a museum. It also includes trails for hiking and bicycle riding.
  • The Chateau Elan Winery and Resort offers a spa, championship golf courses and other attractions.
  • Quinlan Visual Arts Center.
  • Historic downtown Gainesville.
  • Georgia Mountain Museum.
  • Chief Whitepath's Cabin is now a museum featuring Cherokee as well as early American relics.
  • Beulah Rucker Museum showcases furnishings and numerous artifacts from the early 20th Century.
  • Wages Collection is located in a Victorian cottage and features historic clothing.
  • Gainesville Symphony Orchestra.

People

Total Population 37,115
Male Share of the Population 49.2%
Female Share of the Population 50.8%
Senior Citizens 10.8%
Employed Population 16+ 16,626
Age of the Population 31

Families

% of people married 38.3%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 22.5%
Median Earnings25+ $25,921
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $18,937
Median Earnings With High School Degree $24,396

Wealth

Median Family Income $43,249
% Above Poverty Level 71.7%
% Below Poverty Level 28.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 22 minutes
% Working from Home 2.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.1%
% Using Public Transportation 0.2%

Housing

People Living Alone 30.2%
Median Gross Rent $803
Median House Value $139,200

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 63.1%
US/American 0%
English 6.4%
Irish 7%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Gainesville Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 34 miles NW of Athens, Georgia (center to center)
Nearest Large City 49 miles NE of Atlanta, Georgia
County Hall
Standard Zip Codes 30501, 30504, 30506, 30507
P.O. Box Zip Codes 30503
Phone Area Codes 770
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 34.297
Longitude -83.824

Gainesville Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station GAINESVILLE
Distance 2.4 miles
Jan Temp 31 to 52 F
Apr Temp 47 to 73 F
Jul Temp 68 to 89 F
Oct Temp 50 to 73 F
Annual Precip 54.7 inches
Station DAHLONEGA 1 W
Distance 19.1 miles
Jan Temp 26 to 49 F
Apr Temp 40 to 70 F
Jul Temp 62 to 86 F
Oct Temp 43 to 71 F
Annual Precip 64.8 inches
Station COMMERCE 4 NNW
Distance 19.6 miles
Jan Temp 29 to 51 F
Apr Temp 46 to 73 F
Jul Temp 67 to 90 F
Oct Temp 47 to 73 F
Annual Precip 52.2 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Gainesville, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Westside (30501)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Flowery Branch 6,216 $77,034
Gillsville 287 $68,929
Lula 2,793 $57,448
Oakwood 4,123 $42,172
Pendergrass 464 $41,875
Talmo 214 $62,750

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Gainesville Public Libraries

Library
Hall County Library System
127 MAIN STREET NW
Gainesville, Georgia
(770) 532-3311
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Gainesville Hospitals

NORTHEAST GEORGIA MEDICAL CENTER
(Government - Local)
743 SPRING ST
(770) 535-3553
Emergency Service: Yes

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
 
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Gainesville High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

GAINESVILLE HIGH SCHOOL
830 CENTURY PLACE
770-536-4441
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,177 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.7

NORTH HALL HIGH SCHOOL
4885 MOUNT VERNON ROAD
770-983-7331
Serves 1,065 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.3

JOHNSON HIGH SCHOOL
3305 POPLAR SPRINGS ROAD
770-536-2394
Serves 1,035 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17

CHESTATEE HIGH SCHOOL
3005 SARDIS ROAD
770-532-1162
Serves 994 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.8

EAST HALL HIGH SCHOOL
3534 EAST HALL ROAD
770-536-9921
Serves 990 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.5

HALL COUNTY/GAINESVILLE EVENING HIGH SCHOOL
3131 R. W. JOHNSON DRIVE
770-531-2330
A Non-traditional School
Serves 138 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 9.2

Gainesville Colleges

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Career and College Resources

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