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Overview

Introduction to Macon, Georgia

Macon is located in Bibb County. The landscape consists of rolling hills in the north and flat plains in the southern section. The Ocmulgee River flows through Macon. The nearby Robins Air Force Base is a primary employer for the region. Wesleyan College is recognized as being one of the oldest colleges for women in the entire world. The town showcases numerous noteworthy historic landmarks and hosts the prominent Cherry Blossom Festival.

History

The Macon area was inhabited by the Creek Indians. Fort Benjamin Hawkins was established in 1806 by the request of President Thomas Jefferson. The fort was built to safeguard the new frontier and was utilized as a military distribution base for the War of 1812 and the Creek War of 1813. The new settlers changed the name of Fort Hawkins to Newton. Later, the city was renamed Macon in tribute to the statesman from North Carolina, Nathaniel Macon.

The original city planners laid out the city with spacious streets and parks. The prosperity of the town in the early days can be attributed to being a transportation center located along the Ocmulgee River. Cotton was a primary factor in the economy. In 1843 the arrival of the railroad brought prosperity to the town. During the Civil War, it was the location of a prominent arsenal for the Confederates.

Culture and Festivals

Macon residents have been influential in the music scene of the country. Musicians who were born or called Macon their hometown include the Allman Brothers Band, Otis Redding, Randy Crawford, Lena Horne, Little Richard and numerous other musicians. The Georgia Music Hall of Fame is located in the city. At one time, it had more than 300,000 Yoshino Cherry trees. The residents sometimes call their town the "Cherry blossom capital of the world." The International Cherry Blossom Festival is a major event, featuring music, arts and crafts, parades, numerous markets and dancing. Other noteworthy festivals and events include the Pan-African Festival, Ocmulgee Indian Celebration, the Georgia Sate Fair and the Bragg Jam. Major venues include the Douglass Theater, Macon Centerplex, Macon Coliseum, Central City Park, Cox Capitol Theatre, Grand Opera House and the Macon Little Theater.

Attractions

  • Ocmulgee National Monument features several types of historic Indian mounds including spiral, funeral, temple and burial.
  • Rose Hill Cemetery.
  • Harriet Tuban African-American Museum.
  • Waddell Barnes Botanical Gardens.
  • Hay House.
  • Sidney Lanier Cottage.
  • Cannonball House and Civil War Museum.
  • Grand Opera House.
  • Museum of Arts and Sciences.
  • Fort Hawkins was the first settlement in the area.
  • City Hall.
  • City Auditorium features one of the largest copper domes in the world.
  • Macon Terminal Station.
  • The Georgia Children's Museum.
  • Ocmulgee Heritage Trail features numerous landmarks and is situated near the Ocmulgee River.
  • Vineville Avenue showcases numerous historic houses and churches.

People

Total Population
Male Share of the Population
Female Share of the Population
Senior Citizens
Employed Population 16+
Age of the Population

Families

% of people married
Average household size

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher
Median Earnings25+
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification
Median Earnings With High School Degree

Wealth

Median Family Income
% Above Poverty Level
% Below Poverty Level

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time
% Working from Home
% Walking and Biking to Work
% Using Public Transportation

Housing

People Living Alone
Median Gross Rent
Median House Value

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)
US/American
English
Irish

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Macon Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 76 miles SE of Atlanta, Georgia
County Bibb
Metro Area Macon
Standard Zip Codes 31201, 31204, 31206, 31210, 31211, 31216, 31217, 31220, 31294, 31298
P.O. Box Zip Codes 31202, 31203, 31205, 31208, 31209, 31212, 31221, 31297
Company Zip Codes 31207, 31213, 31295, 31296, 31299
Phone Area Codes 478
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 32.84
Longitude -83.632

Macon Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station MACON MIDDLE GA RGNL AP
Distance 10.9 miles
Jan Temp 35 to 57 F
Apr Temp 50 to 76 F
Jul Temp 71 to 92 F
Oct Temp 51 to 77 F
Annual Precip 45 inches
Station BYRON EXPERIMENT STN
Distance 13.8 miles
Jan Temp 35 to 56 F
Apr Temp 51 to 75 F
Jul Temp 70 to 91 F
Oct Temp 52 to 76 F
Annual Precip 45.7 inches
Station MILLEDGEVILLE
Distance 27.8 miles
Jan Temp 31 to 57 F
Apr Temp 46 to 77 F
Jul Temp 68 to 93 F
Oct Temp 48 to 77 F
Annual Precip 46.5 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Macon, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Huber (31201)

Payne City (31204)

Wilson Aport (31206)

Zebulon Branch (31210, 31220, 31221)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Byron 4,818 $58,438
Centerville 7,519 $64,338
Fort Valley 9,192 $27,163
Gordon 2,328 $40,000
Gray 3,287 $73,839
Warner Robins 72,520 $51,433

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Macon Public Libraries

Library
Middle Georgia Regional Library System
1180 WASHINGTON AVENUE
Macon, Georgia
(478) 744-0841
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Macon Hospitals

MEDICAL CENTER OF CENTRAL GEORGIA
(Government - Hospital District or Authority)
777 HEMLOCK ST
(478) 633-1000
Emergency Service: Yes

COLISEUM NORTHSIDE HOSPITAL
(Proprietary)
400 CHARTER BOULEVARD
(478) 477-9520
Emergency Service: Yes

COLISEUM MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
350 HOSPITAL DR
(478) 765-4865
Emergency Service: Yes

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Macon High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

WESTSIDE HIGH
2851 HEATH ROAD
478-757-5520
Serves 1,711 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.7

CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL
2155 NAPIER AVENUE
478-751-6770
Serves 1,282 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.6

SOUTHWEST HIGH SCHOOL
1730 CANTERBURY ROAD
478-784-5466
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,171 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.6

NORTHEAST HIGH SCHOOL
1646 UPPER RIVER ROAD
478-751-6787
A Magnet School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 908 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19

RUTLAND HIGH SCHOOL
6250 SKIPPER ROAD
478-784-3120
Serves 797 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.3

WILLIAM S. HUTCHINGS CAREER CENTER
2004 RIVERSIDE DRIVE
478-621-2747
Serves 428 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.3

BUTLER EARLY CHILDHOOD CENTER
3705 EARL STREET
478-471-5413
Serves 161 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.5

GEORGIA ACADEMY FOR THE BLIND
2895 VINEVILLE AVENUE
478-751-6083
A Special Education School

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