Introduction to Canton, Illinois

Canton, Illinois, in Fulton county, is 25 miles W of Peoria, Illinois and 134 miles N of St. Louis, Missouri.

Canton History

Settler Isaac Swan founded the city of Canton in 1825. He mistook it as being the antipodal location of Canton, China. The area was earlier known by the name of "Barnes' Prairie" and "swan's Catch-All." Canton was turned into a factory town because of its proximity to the Illinois River, the availability of coal and labor and the close proximity to railroads. A large manufacturing factory called International Harvester existed in this city until 1983. It was destroyed by an arson fire in 1997. The city has faced major damages by two tornadoes, one in June 1835, and the other one on July 23, 1975.

Canton and nearby Attractions

  • Parlin Ingersoll Library
  • Canton Industrial Park
  • South Park United Methodist Church
  • Rainbow Lake
  • Lake Drive Shopping Center
  • Kellogg Park

Things To Do In Canton

The city has a number of stunning lakes and reservoirs, the banks of which are popular tourist haunts. Among these are Strode Lake, Rainbow Lake, Fitch Lake, Bond Lake and Veterans Lake. The Canton Park District manages nearly 1,400 acres of open space, where a host of recreational opportunities are available to visitors. The Banner Marsh State Fish & Wildlife Area and the Rice Lake State Fish and Wildlife Area are also nearby. The annual Canton Friendship Festival also draws huge crowds from neighboring areas.

Canton Transportation

Greater Peoria Regional Airport is nearby.

Canton Higher Education

Residents of Canton can enroll at the local Spoon River College or the Graham Hospital School of Nursing. Other institutes of higher education in the area are Illinois Central College and Bradley University.


Total Population 14,539
Male Share of the Population 55.8%
Female Share of the Population 44.2%
Senior Citizens 17.4%
Employed Population 16+ 5,778
Age of the Population 39


% of people married 40.2%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 16.3%
Median Earnings25+ $26,410
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $10,705
Median Earnings With High School Degree $25,542


Median Family Income $51,694
% Above Poverty Level 80.8%
% Below Poverty Level 19.2%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 22 minutes
% Working from Home 0.8%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.5%
% Using Public Transportation 0.1%


People Living Alone 35.1%
Median Gross Rent $598
Median House Value $82,100


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 25%
US/American 0.2%
English 14.3%
Irish 10.5%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Canton Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 25 miles W of Peoria, Illinois (center to center)
Nearest Large City 134 miles N of St. Louis, Missouri
County Fulton
Standard Zip Codes 61520
Phone Area Codes 309
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.558
Longitude -90.035

Canton Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station HAVANA 4 NNE
Distance 14.4 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 32 F
Apr Temp 40 to 63 F
Jul Temp 64 to 88 F
Oct Temp 41 to 68 F
Annual Precip 37.7 inches
Distance 29.1 miles
Jan Temp 10 to 30 F
Apr Temp 37 to 63 F
Jul Temp 61 to 85 F
Oct Temp 39 to 65 F
Annual Precip 38.2 inches
Distance 41.4 miles
Jan Temp 15 to 32 F
Apr Temp 41 to 63 F
Jul Temp 65 to 87 F
Oct Temp 43 to 66 F
Annual Precip 39.3 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Canton, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Breeds (61520)

Brereton (61520)

Monterey (61520)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Banner 207 $58,438
Bryant 200 $75,500
Dunfermline 273 $55,625
Fairview 515 $65,625

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Canton Public Libraries

Parlin Ingersoll Lib.
Canton, Illinois
(309) 647-0328
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Canton Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(309) 647-5240
Emergency Service: Yes

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Canton High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

1001 N MAIN ST
Serves 820 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.7

PO BOX 999
A Non-traditional School
Serves 504 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 72

23235 N COUNTY 22
A Non-traditional School
Serves 20 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6.7

Canton Colleges

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