Introduction to Chatham, Illinois

Chatham, Illinois, in Sangamon county, is 9 miles S of Springfield, Illinois and 78 miles NE of St. Louis,, Missouri. The village benefits from easy access to the nearby cities and towns that it shares the Springfield metropolitan area with. Chatham’s population is approximately 8,583.

Chatham History

The earliest settlement in the Chatham area was established in 1816, and the region was formally named Chatham on October 22, 1836. The land was once an open prairie between Lick Creek and Panther Creek. It was predominantly an agricultural land with magnificent fields of corn, and many farmers settled here. Abraham Lincoln was instrumental in the construction of a railroad connecting Springfield to St. Louis, which ran through Chatham.

Chatham and nearby Attractions

  • Illinois State Museum
  • Lincoln Home National Historic Site
  • Sangchris Lake State Park
  • Henson Robinson Zoo
  • Knight’s Caribbean Water Adventure

Things To Do In Chatham

Those interested in history can visit museums like the Grand Army of the Republic Memorial Museum, the Springfield Art Association or the Illinois State Museum. The Springfield Themepark and Knight’s Caribbean Water Adventure are popular local recreational spots as well.

Chatham Transportation

St. Louis Airport is nearby.

Chatham Higher Education

Lincolnland Community College, the University of Illinois, Millkin University, Lewis and Clarke Community College, Southern Illinois University and Bradley University are all accessible from Chatham.


Total Population 12,131
Male Share of the Population 47%
Female Share of the Population 53%
Senior Citizens 10.5%
Employed Population 16+ 6,345
Age of the Population 37


% of people married 63.5%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 44.2%
Median Earnings25+ $46,186
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $18,875
Median Earnings With High School Degree $31,289


Median Family Income $86,250
% Above Poverty Level 93.7%
% Below Poverty Level 6.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 22 minutes
% Working from Home 4.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 0.2%
% Using Public Transportation %


People Living Alone 16.7%
Median Gross Rent $1,068
Median House Value $166,100


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 16.9%
US/American 0%
English 13.8%
Irish 13.6%

Chatham Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 9 miles S of Springfield, Illinois (center to center)
Nearest Large City 78 miles NE of St. Louis, Missouri
County Sangamon
Metro Area Springfield
Standard Zip Codes 62629
Phone Area Codes 217
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 39.676
Longitude -89.704

Chatham Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 12.1 miles
Jan Temp 17 to 33 F
Apr Temp 42 to 63 F
Jul Temp 66 to 87 F
Oct Temp 44 to 67 F
Annual Precip 35.5 inches
Distance 22 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 32 F
Apr Temp 41 to 63 F
Jul Temp 65 to 86 F
Oct Temp 42 to 67 F
Annual Precip 35 inches
Station MASON CITY 1 W
Distance 36.2 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 33 F
Apr Temp 41 to 65 F
Jul Temp 64 to 87 F
Oct Temp 44 to 67 F
Annual Precip 35.7 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Auburn 5,004 $68,420

Chatham Public Libraries

Chatham Area P.l.d.
Chatham, Illinois
(217) 483-2713

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Chatham High Schools

Serves 1,270 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.1

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Info for Chatham Government Officials

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