Introduction to Crystal Lake, Illinois

Crystal Lake, Illinois, in McHenry county, is 14 miles N of Elgin, Illinois (center to center) and 43 miles NW of Chicago, Illinois. The city is considered part of the Chicago metropolitan area.

Crystal Lake History

The present day city of Crystal Lake was originally known as Crystal Ville. It was first settled in by the whites in February 1836. Beman and Polly Crandall from New York were the first settlers of the area. It was renamed Crystal Lake around 1840. The area which is now downtown Crystal Lake was originally known as the Village of Dearborn. The village was formed during the 1850s and the first train station was established in 1856. Dearborn was renamed Nunda on October 7, 1868. Both Crystal Lake and Nunda were incorporated in 1874. The name of Nunda was once again changed to North Crystal Lake in 1908. Crystal Lake annexed the village of North Crystal Lake in 1914 and established a consolidated city form of government.

Crystal Lake and nearby Attractions

  • Crystal Lake
  • Moraine Hills State Park
  • Chester Gould Dick Tracy Museum
  • Santa's Village - Illinois
  • Racing Rapids Water Park
  • Six Flags Great America

Things To Do In Crystal Lake

While staying in Crystal Lake you can visit the Winding Creek Park, Ken Bird Park, Lippold Park, Edgewater Park, Crystal Lake Park, and Wingate Prairie Nature Preserve. You can enjoy shopping at the Crystal Lake Plaza Shopping Center, Crystal Court Shopping Center, Crystal Point Mall Shopping Center, The Commons of Crystal Lake Shopping Center, and Country Corners Shopping Center. You can also enjoy boating on Crystal Lake.

Crystal Lake Transportation

International flights are available from Chicago O’Hare International Airport.

Crystal Lake Higher Education

McHenry County College is the local college. The William Rainey Harper College and Elgin Community College are other colleges that offer higher educational facilities.


Total Population 40,635
Male Share of the Population 48.3%
Female Share of the Population 51.7%
Senior Citizens 11.7%
Employed Population 16+ 21,341
Age of the Population 38


% of people married 54.5%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 41.8%
Median Earnings25+ $46,219
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $23,750
Median Earnings With High School Degree $31,725


Median Family Income $95,046
% Above Poverty Level 93.4%
% Below Poverty Level 6.6%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 32 minutes
% Working from Home 5.7%
% Walking and Biking to Work 1.2%
% Using Public Transportation 3.9%


People Living Alone 22.4%
Median Gross Rent $1,138
Median House Value $200,500


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 18.9%
US/American 0%
English 8.3%
Irish 17.1%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Crystal Lake Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 14 miles N of Elgin, Illinois (center to center)
Nearest Large City 43 miles NW of Chicago, Illinois
County McHenry
Standard Zip Codes 60012, 60014
P.O. Box Zip Codes 60039
Phone Area Codes 815
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.241
Longitude -88.316

Crystal Lake Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 11.5 miles
Jan Temp 10 to 27 F
Apr Temp 36 to 57 F
Jul Temp 62 to 82 F
Oct Temp 39 to 61 F
Annual Precip 36.5 inches
Station ELGIN
Distance 12.2 miles
Jan Temp 11 to 28 F
Apr Temp 36 to 58 F
Jul Temp 62 to 83 F
Oct Temp 40 to 62 F
Annual Precip 37.2 inches
Distance 14.5 miles
Jan Temp 11 to 28 F
Apr Temp 37 to 59 F
Jul Temp 62 to 85 F
Oct Temp 39 to 63 F
Annual Precip 36.4 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Crystal Lake, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Ridgefield (60012)

Village of Lakewood (60014)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Cary 18,038 $106,545

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Crystal Lake Public Libraries

Crystal Lake P.l.
Crystal Lake, Illinois
(815) 459-1687

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More Information for Librarians

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Crystal Lake High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,644 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.1

Serves 1,553 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.5

Serves 1,389 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.2

Crystal Lake Colleges

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Info for Crystal Lake Government Officials

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