Introduction to Fairfield, Illinois

Fairfield, Illinois, in Wayne county, is 51 miles NW of Evansville, Indiana and 105 miles E of St. Louis, Missouri. About 5,421 people live in Fairfield.

Fairfield History

Fairfield is the county seat of the Wayne County. It was the hometown of the notorious Shelton Brothers Gang, Kenneth Michael Kays, who was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his contribution in the Vietnam War, and country music singer and songwriter Lance Miller.

Fairfield and nearby Attractions

  • Green River State Wildlife Area
  • Bishop Hill Heritage Museum
  • Bickelhaupt Arboretum
  • Ronald Reagan's Birthplace

Things To Do In Fairfield

Local historical sites include the Angel Mounds State Historic Site, the George Rogers Clark National Historical Park and the New Harmony State Historic Site. The Sam Dale Lake State Fish & Wildlife Area offers swimming, fishing, camping and hiking opportunities as well. Local museums include Cedarhurst, the Evansville Museum of Arts & Science and Hands On Discovery.

Fairfield Transportation

Williamson County Regional Airport is nearby.

Fairfield Higher Education

Nearby colleges and universities include Frontier Community College, Henderson Community College, Rend Lake College and the University of Southern Indiana.


Total Population 5,080
Male Share of the Population 47%
Female Share of the Population 53%
Senior Citizens 20.8%
Employed Population 16+ 2,161
Age of the Population 42


% of people married 52.2%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 11.7%
Median Earnings25+ $32,769
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $33,068
Median Earnings With High School Degree $29,333


Median Family Income $47,165
% Above Poverty Level 80.9%
% Below Poverty Level 19.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 18 minutes
% Working from Home 2.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 1.8%
% Using Public Transportation 0.7%


People Living Alone 37.7%
Median Gross Rent $500
Median House Value $63,200


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 14.1%
US/American 0%
English 11.3%
Irish 6.5%

Fairfield Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 51 miles NW of Evansville, Indiana (center to center)
Nearest Large City 105 miles E of St. Louis, Missouri
County Wayne
Standard Zip Codes 62837
Phone Area Codes 618
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 38.378
Longitude -88.359

Fairfield Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.5 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 37 F
Apr Temp 43 to 66 F
Jul Temp 65 to 88 F
Oct Temp 44 to 68 F
Annual Precip 45 inches
Station ALBION
Distance 16 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 37 F
Apr Temp 45 to 66 F
Jul Temp 68 to 89 F
Oct Temp 47 to 70 F
Annual Precip 44.8 inches
Station FLORA 5 NW
Distance 26.3 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 38 F
Apr Temp 43 to 67 F
Jul Temp 65 to 89 F
Oct Temp 45 to 69 F
Annual Precip 42.9 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Fairfield, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Barnhill (62809)

Big Mound (62837)

Boyleston (62837)

Crestview Terrace (62837)

Cumberland Heights (62837)

Grover (62837)

Jasper (62837)

Merriam (62837)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Cisne 696 $42,604
Golden Gate 48 $22,188

Fairfield Public Libraries

Fairfield P.l.
Fairfield, Illinois
(618) 842-4516
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Fairfield Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(618) 842-2611
Emergency Service: Yes

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Fairfield High Schools

Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 512 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.1

Fairfield Colleges

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