Introduction to Greenville, Illinois

Greenville, Illinois, in Bond county, is 49 miles E of Florissant, Missouri (center to center) and 50 miles E of St. Louis, Missouri. The city has a population of 6,955.

Greenville History

Greenville is the county seat of Bond County, which was founded in 1817. The county, which was initially part of Madison County, was named after Shadrach Bond. The first post office was built in 1819, and Greenville town was incorporated in 1855. In 1872, it was incorporated as a city. Some believe that Greenville was named after a city of the same name in North Carolina, while others believe that Nathanael Greene, a Revolutionary War general, was the inspiration behind the name. Several other speculations regarding the source of the city's name also exist.

Greenville and Nearby Attractions

  • Stephen A. Forbes State Park
  • Hoiles-Davis Museum
  • South Shore State Park
  • Bock Museum
  • Kingsbury Nature Preserve
  • Vandalia Statehouse

Things To Do In Greenville

Greenville has numerous parks, museums, and historical sites nearby that people may visit. The Vandalia Statehouse is one of the tourist attractions near the city. Local museums include Alton Museum of History and Art, Heritage House Museum, and William Jennings Bryan Museum. Parks near the city include Beaver Dam State Park, Coffeen Lake State Fish and Wildlife Area, Stephen A. Forbes State Park, and South Shore State Park. These parks offer opportunities for hiking, camping, boating, swimming, and picnicking.

Greenville Transportation

Air transportation is available from St Louis Regional Airport.

Greenville Higher Education

Greenville College is the local college. Nearby colleges include Southwestern Illinois College, Lewis And Clark Community College, and Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville.


Total Population 6,842
Male Share of the Population 53.1%
Female Share of the Population 46.9%
Senior Citizens 13.9%
Employed Population 16+ 2,732
Age of the Population 33


% of people married 32.7%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 23.5%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0


Median Family Income $50,938
% Above Poverty Level 78.5%
% Below Poverty Level 21.5%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 16 minutes
% Working from Home 1.3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 24.4%
% Using Public Transportation 3.7%


People Living Alone 34.4%
Median Gross Rent $593
Median House Value $102,700


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 23.1%
US/American 0%
English 13.8%
Irish 9.2%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Greenville Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 49 miles E of Florissant, Missouri (center to center)
Nearest Large City 50 miles E of St. Louis, Missouri
County Bond
Standard Zip Codes 62246
Phone Area Codes 618
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 38.892
Longitude -89.413

Greenville Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 17.6 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 35 F
Apr Temp 43 to 64 F
Jul Temp 67 to 88 F
Oct Temp 43 to 67 F
Annual Precip 38.9 inches
Distance 18.1 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 36 F
Apr Temp 43 to 65 F
Jul Temp 67 to 88 F
Oct Temp 45 to 68 F
Annual Precip 40.6 inches
Distance 40 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 36 F
Apr Temp 45 to 64 F
Jul Temp 69 to 88 F
Oct Temp 46 to 68 F
Annual Precip 38.5 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Greenville, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Ayers (62246)

Beaver Creek (62246)

Dudleyville (62246)

Stubblefield (62246)

Wisetown (62246)

Woburn (62246)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Donnellson 140 $35,417

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Greenville Public Libraries

Greenville P.l.
Greenville, Illinois
(618) 664-3115

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Greenville Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(618) 664-1230
Emergency Service: Yes

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Greenville High Schools

1000 E STATE RT 140
Serves 556 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.7

Greenville Colleges

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