Introduction to Litchfield, Illinois

Litchfield, Illinois, in Montgomery county, is 43 miles S of Springfield, Illinois (center to center) and 50 miles NE of St. Louis, Missouri.

Litchfield History

Litchfield was formed due to the Terre Haute, Alton, and St. Louis Railroad. The railroad, which arrived in 1854, led to development and progress within Litchfield. The town was laid out in 1853, by Thomas Gray, the County Surveyor. J. M. McWilliams, who was the first inhabitant of Litchfield, arrived in January of 1854. The city was officially incorporated on April 4, 1856.

Litchfield and Nearby Attractions

  • Sky-View Drive-In
  • Beaver Dam State Park
  • Lake Lou Yaeger Hike/Bike Trail
  • Historic Route 66
  • Shoal Creek Conservation Area
  • Scott Joplin House State Historic Site

Things To Do In Litchfield

Litchfield has amenities for various types of recreational opportunities. Nearby museums include City Museum, Museum of Westward Expansion, and Missouri Historical Society Museum. The area has numerous parks including Walton Park, Echlin Park, Madison Park, Plummer Park, and Davis Park. Among the major attractions of Litchfield is the Blake Lowry Horse Camp, which has a huge campsite for horse owners. Sky-View Drive-In theater and Lake Lou Yaeger are also within the city. A great place to watch the American Bald Eagle is by Lake Lou Yaeger.

Litchfield Transportation

Air transportation is available from St. Louis Regional Airport.

Litchfield Higher Education

Lincoln Land Community College is in Litchfield. Colleges nearby are Lewis and Clark Community College, Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville, and Greenville College.


Total Population 7,004
Male Share of the Population 45.6%
Female Share of the Population 54.4%
Senior Citizens 20.3%
Employed Population 16+ 2,557
Age of the Population 40


% of people married 48.3%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 14.2%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0


Median Family Income $61,502
% Above Poverty Level 79%
% Below Poverty Level 21%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 19 minutes
% Working from Home 1.2%
% Walking and Biking to Work 1.1%
% Using Public Transportation 0.7%


People Living Alone 30.2%
Median Gross Rent $608
Median House Value $74,000


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 9.4%
US/American 0%
English 8%
Irish 4.4%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Litchfield Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 43 miles S of Springfield, Illinois (center to center)
Nearest Large City 50 miles NE of St. Louis, Missouri
County Montgomery
Standard Zip Codes 62056
Phone Area Codes 217
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 39.175
Longitude -89.654

Litchfield Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 9.3 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 37 F
Apr Temp 45 to 68 F
Jul Temp 68 to 91 F
Oct Temp 47 to 71 F
Annual Precip 40.1 inches
Distance 19.5 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 32 F
Apr Temp 41 to 63 F
Jul Temp 65 to 86 F
Oct Temp 42 to 67 F
Annual Precip 35 inches
Distance 33.1 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 35 F
Apr Temp 43 to 64 F
Jul Temp 67 to 88 F
Oct Temp 43 to 67 F
Annual Precip 38.9 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Litchfield, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Barnett (62056)

Hornsby (62056)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Butler 130 $48,333
Eagarville 169 $62,083
East Gillespie 256 $62,375

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Litchfield Public Libraries

Litchfield Carnegie P.l.
400 N. STATE
Litchfield, Illinois
(217) 324-3866

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Litchfield Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(217) 324-2191
Emergency Service: No

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Litchfield High Schools

Serves 526 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21

Litchfield Colleges

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