Introduction to Macomb, Illinois

Macomb, Illinois, in McDonough county, is 59 miles W of Peoria, Illinois (center to center) and 128 miles N of St. Louis, Missouri.

Macomb History

The city of Macomb was first settled in 1829 and was initially known as Washington. It was officially incorporated in 1830 and the name was changed to Macomb in the honor of Gen. Alexander Macomb. The Northern Cross Railroad first entered the city in 1855. The Western Illinois State Normal School, which became Western Illinois University, was established in 1899. The Macomb and Western Illinois Railroad was built in 1903.

Macomb and nearby Attractions

  • Western Illinois Museum
  • Bailey House
  • Argyle Lake State Park
  • Kibbe Hancock Heritage Museum
  • Davy Crocket Birthplace State Park
  • Anderson Lake State Fish and Wildlife Area

Things To Do In Macomb

During a visit to Macomb, you can visit the Geology Museum, University Art Gallery Museum, and the Old Bailey House. The Argyle Lake State Park, Chandler Park, Spring Lake Park, Compton Park, Lakeview Nature Center, and Macomb Park District are also worth visiting. Golf enthusiasts can spend their leisure hours at the Harry Mussatto Golf Course and O. L. Champion Golf Course.

Macomb Transportation

Air transportation is available from Southeast Iowa Regional Airport.

Macomb Higher Education

Higher educational facilities are provided by Western Illinois University, Illinois Central College, and Augustana College.


Total Population 18,944
Male Share of the Population 48.2%
Female Share of the Population 51.8%
Senior Citizens 12.7%
Employed Population 16+ 7,735
Age of the Population 24


% of people married 30.2%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 45.2%
Median Earnings25+ $35,678
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $18,068
Median Earnings With High School Degree $19,951


Median Family Income $70,962
% Above Poverty Level 66.6%
% Below Poverty Level 33.4%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 11 minutes
% Working from Home 3.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 13.6%
% Using Public Transportation 1.7%


People Living Alone 39.9%
Median Gross Rent $666
Median House Value $99,800


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 23.1%
US/American 0.1%
English 10.1%
Irish 13.6%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Macomb Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 59 miles W of Peoria, Illinois (center to center)
Nearest Large City 128 miles N of St. Louis, Missouri
County McDonough
Standard Zip Codes 61455
Phone Area Codes 309
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.459
Longitude -90.671

Macomb Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station LA HARPE
Distance 17.7 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 32 F
Apr Temp 39 to 62 F
Jul Temp 64 to 87 F
Oct Temp 42 to 66 F
Annual Precip 39.1 inches
Distance 24.3 miles
Jan Temp 15 to 32 F
Apr Temp 41 to 63 F
Jul Temp 65 to 87 F
Oct Temp 43 to 66 F
Annual Precip 39.3 inches
Station HAVANA 4 NNE
Distance 35.3 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 32 F
Apr Temp 40 to 63 F
Jul Temp 64 to 88 F
Oct Temp 41 to 68 F
Annual Precip 37.7 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Bardolph 268 $32,250
Bushnell 3,022 $43,790
Colchester 1,539 $42,107
Good Hope 387 $59,875

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Macomb Public Libraries

Macomb P.l.d.irector
Macomb, Illinois
(309) 833-2714
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Macomb Hospitals

(Government - Hospital District or Authority)
(309) 833-4101
Emergency Service: Yes

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Macomb High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 694 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.7

A Special Education School
Serves 44 students.

A Non-traditional School
Serves 30 students.

A Non-traditional School
Serves 7 students.

Macomb Colleges

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Macomb Colleges
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