Introduction to Murphysboro, Illinois

Murphysboro, Illinois, in Jackson county, is 78 miles SE of St. Louis, Missouri.

Murphysboro History

Murphysboro was established as the second county seat of Jackson County. It was created after a fire destroyed Brownsville, the first county seat of Jackson County. After the fire, the residents decided to move the county seat to a more convenient location. The land on which Murphysboro was founded was donated by Major General John A. Logan. It was named after William C. Murphy, one of the commissioners who chose the location, after his name was drawn from a hat containing the names of all the commissioners.

Murphysboro and nearby Attractions

  • Shawnee National Forest
  • Little Grand Canyon National Recreational Trail
  • Oakwood Bottoms
  • Pomona Natural Bridge
  • Cedar Lake
  • Crab Orchard Wildlife Refuge

Things To Do In Murphysboro

Murphysboro is a lively city where one can find numerous entertaining activities, while the city also offers a high quality dining and shopping experience. There are various historical sites and museums where one can learn about the local history of the area. Opportunities for boating, fishing, camping, hiking, biking, golf, horseback riding, kayaking and rock climbing are all available in Murphysboro.

Murphysboro Transportation

Southern Illinois Airport is the nearest major airport.

Murphysboro Higher Education

One can pursue higher education at Carbondale College, John A. Logan College and Southeast Missouri State University.


Total Population 8,055
Male Share of the Population 49.1%
Female Share of the Population 50.9%
Senior Citizens 18.1%
Employed Population 16+ 3,293
Age of the Population 37


% of people married 39.8%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 22%
Median Earnings25+ $29,083
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $20,821
Median Earnings With High School Degree $25,208


Median Family Income $51,553
% Above Poverty Level 78.7%
% Below Poverty Level 21.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 23 minutes
% Working from Home 4.2%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2%
% Using Public Transportation %


People Living Alone 43.8%
Median Gross Rent $577
Median House Value $71,100


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 24.8%
US/American 0.1%
English 9%
Irish 12.6%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Murphysboro Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 78 miles SE of St. Louis, Missouri
County Jackson
Standard Zip Codes 62966
Phone Area Codes 618
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 37.764
Longitude -89.335

Murphysboro Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 9.3 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 39 F
Apr Temp 42 to 66 F
Jul Temp 66 to 88 F
Oct Temp 43 to 69 F
Annual Precip 45.8 inches
Station DU QUOIN 4 SE
Distance 16.8 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 40 F
Apr Temp 45 to 68 F
Jul Temp 68 to 90 F
Oct Temp 45 to 71 F
Annual Precip 44.1 inches
Station SPARTA 1 W
Distance 32 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 38 F
Apr Temp 43 to 66 F
Jul Temp 67 to 88 F
Oct Temp 45 to 69 F
Annual Precip 42.7 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Murphysboro, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Etherton (62966)

Levan (62966)

Mboro (62966)

Mount Carbon (62966)

Somerset (62966)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Bush 265 $43,750
Carbondale 26,192 $40,092
De Soto 1,567 $42,500
Elkville 1,047 $53,295
Gorham 173 $37,917

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Murphysboro Public Libraries

Sallie Logan P.l.
Murphysboro, Illinois
(618) 684-3271
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Murphysboro Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(618) 684-3156
Emergency Service: Yes

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
Results:  5
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Murphysboro High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 768 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16

A Non-traditional School
Serves 125 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.9

415 NORTH 14TH
A Special Education School
Serves 40 students.

P O BOX 1360
A Special Education School
Serves 29 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7.3

Study Online in Murphysboro

Career and College Resources

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Info for Murphysboro Government Officials

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