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Overview

Introduction to Peoria, Illinois

The Illinois city of Peoria, county seat of Peoria County, is located on the banks of the Illinois River in the central part of the state, about 165 miles southwest of Chicago and about 70 miles north of the state capital of Springfield. Situated at the junction of Interstate Highways I-74 and I-474, Peoria is serviced by other thoroughfares including U.S. Route 24 and Illinois State Highways 6, 9, 29, and 116. Surrounding communities include Bartonville, Marquette Heights, and the newly established city of West Peoria. The city is home to Bradley University.

Originally known as Fort Clark, Peoria derived its new name in 1825 from one of the major tribes of the Illinois Indian confederacy. The village was incorporated as a town in 1835 and then as a city ten years later. The Civil War era marked a sharp division among the citizens of Peoria on the controversial issue of slavery. Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas gave impassioned speeches on the subject during 1854 on the city's courthouse steps. During the early years of the 20th century, Peoria was known as one of the largest manufacturers of liquor in the nation and was a prominent stop on the Vaudeville circuit. The city today has become synonymous with "mainstream America" and representative of Midwestern culture, often being used as a national test market for new products and opinion surveys.

Peoria Points of Interest

A new 6.8-acre development in downtown Peoria known as Museum Square is planned to be completed in 2009. The site will be the new home of the Peoria Riverfront Museum, a large facility which will feature hands-on and interactive displays, a planetarium, and exhibits from a variety of disciplines with a regional focus. The museum will join existing Peoria museums such as the Wheels o' Time Museum and the Lakeview Museum for the Arts and Sciences. The Peoria Civic Center, completed in the early 1980s, is currently undergoing a revitalization and expansion to its facilities which will greatly enhance the scope of its conventions and entertainment options. Bradley Park, a gift to the city from Bradley University founder Lydia Moss Bradley, was completed in 1910 and includes a Japanese Bridge and Garden. Glen Oak Zoo, which will soon be known as Peoria Zoo and Gardens, is undergoing renovations which will triple its size and allow the establishment of a major African safari exhibit. Other sites of interest in the city include the following:

  • Civil War Memorial: Dedicated by President McKinley and members of his cabinet in 1899.
  • Grand View Drive: Cited by President Theodore Roosevelt as the "world's most beautiful drive".
  • Renaissance Park: A research park established in 2003.
  • Forest Park Nature Center: A 500-acre wooded oasis.
  • George L. Luthy Memorial Botanical Garden
  • Wildlife Prairie State Park
  • Peoria Riverfront

Annual events in Peoria include the Steamboat Classic, a four-mile long running race held every summer; and the Louie Louie Festival, a musical celebration of the beginning of summer held in late May on the Peoria Riverfront.

Professional sports in Peoria are alive and well, especially for baseball and hockey fans. The Peoria Chiefs are a Class Single-A minor league baseball team playing in the Midwest League. Founded in 1983, the team is affiliated with Major League Baseball's Chicago Cubs. Hockey fans can root for the Peoria Rivermen, a team in the American Hockey League (AHL) playing their home games at the city's Carver Arena. The Rivermen are an affiliate of the National Hockey League's St. Louis Blues, and before 2005 were at various times known as the Worcester IceCats, the Springfield Indians, the Syracuse Warriors, and the Springfield Kings.

People

Total Population 115,718
Male Share of the Population 47.6%
Female Share of the Population 52.4%
Senior Citizens 13.3%
Employed Population 16+ 50,613
Age of the Population 34

Families

% of people married 41%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 33.1%
Median Earnings25+ $34,173
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $18,499
Median Earnings With High School Degree $21,720

Wealth

Median Family Income $60,643
% Above Poverty Level 77.7%
% Below Poverty Level 22.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 18 minutes
% Working from Home 2.2%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.5%
% Using Public Transportation 3.3%

Housing

People Living Alone 35%
Median Gross Rent $717
Median House Value $122,200

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 41.7%
US/American 0.1%
English 7.8%
Irish 11.5%

Peoria Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 129 miles SW of Chicago, Illinois
County Peoria
Metro Area Peoria - Pekin
Standard Zip Codes 61602, 61603, 61604, 61605, 61606, 61607, 61610, 61611, 61614, 61615, 61616
P.O. Box Zip Codes 61601, 61612, 61650, 61651, 61652, 61653, 61654, 61655, 61656
Company Zip Codes 61613, 61625, 61629, 61630, 61633, 61634, 61635, 61636, 61637, 61638, 61639, 61640, 61641, 61643
Phone Area Codes 309
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.693
Longitude -89.588

Peoria Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station PEORIA GTR PEORIA AP
Distance 5.3 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 31 F
Apr Temp 40 to 62 F
Jul Temp 65 to 86 F
Oct Temp 42 to 64 F
Annual Precip 36 inches
Station PRINCEVILLE
Distance 19.5 miles
Jan Temp 10 to 30 F
Apr Temp 37 to 63 F
Jul Temp 61 to 85 F
Oct Temp 39 to 65 F
Annual Precip 38.2 inches
Station MINONK
Distance 32.9 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 30 F
Apr Temp 38 to 62 F
Jul Temp 62 to 86 F
Oct Temp 41 to 66 F
Annual Precip 37.2 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Peoria, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Alta (61615)

Bayview Garde (61611)

Bayview Gardens (61611)

Bellview (61604)

El Vista (61604)

High Meadows (61607)

Hollis (61607)

Mardell Manor (61607)

Orchard Mines (61607)

Pottstown (61614)

Robein (61611)

Tuscarora (61607)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Bartonville 6,440 $59,244
Bellevue 1,576 $59,097
Creve Coeur 5,717 $46,023
East Peoria 23,225 $67,851

Peoria Public Libraries

Library
Peoria P.l.
107 NE MONROE
Peoria, Illinois
(309) 497-2000

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More Information for Librarians

Peoria Hospitals

PROCTOR HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
5409 N KNOXVILLE AVE
(309) 691-1000
Emergency Service: Yes

METHODIST MEDICAL CENTER OF ILLINOIS
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
221 N E GLEN OAK AVE
(309) 672-5522
Emergency Service: Yes

SAINT FRANCIS MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
530 NE GLEN OAK AVE
(309) 655-7660
Emergency Service: Yes

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
 
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Peoria High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

RICHWOODS HIGH SCHOOL
6301 N UNIVERSITY ST
309-693-4400
Serves 1,313 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18

WOODRUFF HIGH SCHOOL
1800 NE PERRY AVE
309-672-6665
Serves 1,038 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.3

PEORIA HIGH SCHOOL
1615 N NORTH ST
309-672-6630
Serves 1,021 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.5

MANUAL HIGH SCHOOL
811 S GRISWOLD ST
309-672-6600
A Title I School.
Serves 833 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.8

PEORIA ALTERNATIVE SCHOOL
839 W MOSS AVE
309-672-6823
A Special Education School
A Magnet School.
Serves 94 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.8

DIAGNOSTIC LEARNING CENTER
3202 N WISCONSIN AVE
309-672-6725
A Special Education School
Serves 75 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.7

ROBERT A JAMIESON SCHOOL
2721 W RICHWOODS
309-672-6594
A Special Education School
Serves 74 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7.8

GREELEY ALTERNATIVE SCHOOL
919 N W JEFFERSON
309-672-6520
A Special Education School
A Magnet School.
Serves 67 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7.4

CHILDRENS HOME SCHOOL
2130 N KNOXVILLE AVE
309-685-1047
A Special Education School
Serves 44 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7.3

YOUTH FARM SCHOOL
7225 W PLANK RD
309-697-4555
A Special Education School
Serves 29 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 4.8

PEORIA DEVELOPMENTAL CENTER
2018 W CIMMARRON DR
309-693-4424
A Special Education School
Serves 23 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 4.6

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Info for Peoria Government Officials


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