Introduction to Princeton, Illinois

Princeton, Illinois, in Bureau county, is 47 miles N of Peoria, Illinois and 99 miles W of Chicago, Illinois. The city's population is 7,501.

Princeton History

This settlement began in the 1830s with the arrival of families from New England and the Mid-Atlantic. They came to the area in search of good farmland. The Hampshire Colony Congregational Church was later established and Owen Lovejoy, a well-known abolitionist, became its first pastor. Lovejoy was elected to the House of Representatives of Illinois in 1854. Princeton was an important destination for the Underground Railroad during the Civil War.

Princeton and nearby Attractions

  • Green River State Wildlife Area
  • Lyndon Historical Society and Museum
  • Ronald Reagan's Birthplace
  • Ellwood House Museum and Park
  • Bickelhaupt Arboretum

Things To Do In Princeton

Local parks include the West Side Ball Park, Alexander Park, the City Hall Park and Zearing Park. The Red Covered Bridge, the Bureau County Historical Museum, the Mautino State Fish and Wildlife Area, and the Bureau County Soldiers and Sailors Winged Monument are all nearby as well. Ronald Reagan's birthplace is also located nearby. The area celebrates the Bureau County Fair every August.

Princeton Transportation

Air transportation is available from Greater Peoria Regional Airport.

Princeton Higher Education

Nearby colleges include Illinois Valley Community College, Bradley University and Rock Valley College.


Total Population 7,698
Male Share of the Population 44.3%
Female Share of the Population 55.7%
Senior Citizens 21.6%
Employed Population 16+ 3,629
Age of the Population 46


% of people married 47.1%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 19.7%
Median Earnings25+ $31,940
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $16,250
Median Earnings With High School Degree $24,150


Median Family Income $59,063
% Above Poverty Level 83.7%
% Below Poverty Level 16.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 16 minutes
% Working from Home 3.2%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.7%
% Using Public Transportation 2%


People Living Alone 38.6%
Median Gross Rent $559
Median House Value $114,100


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 14.7%
US/American 0%
English 10.8%
Irish 13.5%

Princeton Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 47 miles N of Peoria, Illinois (center to center)
Nearest Large City 99 miles W of Chicago, Illinois
County Bureau
Standard Zip Codes 61356
Phone Area Codes 815
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 41.368
Longitude -89.464

Princeton Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.1 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 29 F
Apr Temp 40 to 61 F
Jul Temp 65 to 85 F
Oct Temp 43 to 63 F
Annual Precip 37.8 inches
Station WALNUT
Distance 14.4 miles
Jan Temp 11 to 28 F
Apr Temp 39 to 59 F
Jul Temp 64 to 83 F
Oct Temp 41 to 63 F
Annual Precip 36.5 inches
Station KEWANEE 1 E
Distance 24 miles
Jan Temp 10 to 28 F
Apr Temp 37 to 60 F
Jul Temp 62 to 84 F
Oct Temp 39 to 63 F
Annual Precip 35.7 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Princeton, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Coal Hollow (61356)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Bureau Junction 237 $64,375
De Pue 1,787 $43,929
Dover 151 $48,750

Princeton Public Libraries

Matson P.l.
Princeton, Illinois
(815) 875-1331
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Princeton Hospitals

(Government - State)
(815) 875-2811
Emergency Service: Yes

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Princeton High Schools

Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 608 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.9

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Info for Princeton Government Officials

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