Princeton, Illinois

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Princeton, Illinois

Introduction to Princeton, Illinois

Princeton, Illinois, in Bureau county, is 47 miles N of Peoria, Illinois and 99 miles W of Chicago, Illinois. The city's population is 7,501.

Princeton History

This settlement began in the 1830s with the arrival of families from New England and the Mid-Atlantic. They came to the area in search of good farmland. The Hampshire Colony Congregational Church was later established and Owen Lovejoy, a well-known abolitionist, became its first pastor. Lovejoy was elected to the House of Representatives of Illinois in 1854. Princeton was an important destination for the Underground Railroad during the Civil War.

Princeton and nearby Attractions

  • Green River State Wildlife Area
  • Lyndon Historical Society and Museum
  • Ronald Reagan's Birthplace
  • Ellwood House Museum and Park
  • Bickelhaupt Arboretum

Things To Do In Princeton

Local parks include the West Side Ball Park, Alexander Park, the City Hall Park and Zearing Park. The Red Covered Bridge, the Bureau County Historical Museum, the Mautino State Fish and Wildlife Area, and the Bureau County Soldiers and Sailors Winged Monument are all nearby as well. Ronald Reagan's birthplace is also located nearby. The area celebrates the Bureau County Fair every August.

Princeton Transportation

Air transportation is available from Greater Peoria Regional Airport.

Princeton Higher Education

Nearby colleges include Illinois Valley Community College, Bradley University and Rock Valley College.

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High Points

Princeton strengths, compared to Peers (similar size places nationally) or State (other places in Illinois):

Category Trophy
Short Commute Times
(vs. State)
Top 3% trophy Princeton Short Commute Times
Walking and Biking to Work
(vs. State)
Top 8% Princeton Walking and Biking to Work
Affordability of Rents
(vs. Peers)
Top 16% Princeton Affordability of Rents
Well-Paid Single Women
(vs. State)
Top 19% Princeton Well-Paid Single Women

Comparative Profile of Princeton, Illinois

Comparing Princeton to similar size places nationwide (Peers) and to other places in Illinois (State):

Ratings range from 1 (lowest) to 10 (highest).

The People

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Senior Citizens 10 9
Age of the Population 10 10
Female Share of the Population 9 10
Well-Paid Single Women 8 9
Well-Paid Single Men 7 7
Racial Diversity 2 5
Male Share of the Population 2 1
Children Under 5 Years Old 1 1


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Portion of People Married 5 3
Average Household Size 2 1


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
People Above Poverty 6 6
People in Middle Class or Better 6 6
College Educated Adults 6 8
Median Family Income 6 6

Commute & Sprawl

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Short Commute Times 10 10
Walking and Biking to Work 9 10
Working at Home 9 9
Public Transportation Use 1 1


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
People Living Alone 9 10
Affordability of Rents 9 8
Studio & One-Bedroom Rentals 7 9
Affordability of Property Taxes 5 4
Housing Recently Built 2 3
Seasonal and Vacation Housing 1 3

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Princeton Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 47 miles N of Peoria, Illinois (center to center)
Nearest Large City 99 miles W of Chicago, Illinois
County Bureau
Standard Zip Codes 61356
Phone Area Codes 815
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 41.368
Longitude -89.464

Princeton Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)
Distance 1.1 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 29 F
Apr Temp 40 to 61 F
Jul Temp 65 to 85 F
Oct Temp 43 to 63 F
Annual Precip 37.8 inches
Station WALNUT
Distance 14.4 miles
Jan Temp 11 to 28 F
Apr Temp 39 to 59 F
Jul Temp 64 to 83 F
Oct Temp 41 to 63 F
Annual Precip 36.5 inches
Station KEWANEE 1 E
Distance 24 miles
Jan Temp 10 to 28 F
Apr Temp 37 to 60 F
Jul Temp 62 to 84 F
Oct Temp 39 to 63 F
Annual Precip 35.7 inches
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Princeton Population (2000)

Category Count Percent
Total Population 7,501 100%
Male 3,451 46%
Female 4,050 54%
Under 18 1,669 22.3%
18+ 5,832 77.7%
65+ 1,597 21.3%
Median Age 41.8
Average Family Size 2.85
White 7,337 97.8%
African-American 29 0.4%
Asian 47 0.6%
American Indian & Alaskan 8 0.1%
Other 32 0.4%
Mixed Race 48 0.6%
Hispanic (included in categories above) 93 1.2%

Estimated Princeton Population Growth 2000-2005

Category Value
Est. 2005 Population 7,554
Growth 53
Growth % 0.7%

Princeton Ancestry

(From 2000 Census, as reported by individuals)

Note: This is national, not racial, ancestry, so, e.g., the Census doesn't have categories for Hispanic and African-American people. CityTownInfo is currently gathering additional ancestry data for this site.
Ancestry Percent
German 28.4%
English 13.3%
Irish 10.6%
Swedish 9%
US/American 8.4%
Other (often includes Hispanic and African American) 5.2%
Italian 3.9%
Norwegian 2.9%
Polish 2.6%
Scottish 2.1%
French (except Basque) 1.8%
Dutch 1.5%
Scotch-Irish 1.4%
Belgian 1.1%
Lithuanian 0.8%
Russian 0.7%
Northern European 0.6%
Czech 0.6%
Danish 0.6%
Croatian 0.5%
Greek 0.5%
Scandinavian 0.5%
European 0.4%
French Canadian 0.4%
Swiss 0.3%
Czechoslovakian 0.3%
Ukrainian 0.2%
Slovene 0.2%
Welsh 0.2%
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Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Princeton, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Coal Hollow (61356)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Pop. Median Family
Income (2000)
Princeton 7,501 $50,018
Bureau Junction 368 $46,429
De Pue 1,842 $36,985
Dover 172 $42,500
Malden 343 $44,219
Tiskilwa 787 $42,321
Wyanet 1,028 $43,594

Princeton Public Libraries

Matson P.l.
Princeton, Illinois
(815) 875-1331
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Princeton Hospitals

(Government - State)
(815) 875-2811
Emergency Service: Yes

Wal-mart in Princeton

(As of 2006)
2111 Claude Bailey Pkwy
(815) 875-4521
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Featured Colleges in the Princeton Area (QuickSchools™)

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Princeton High Schools (2004)

Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 608 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.9

Princeton Colleges

(List of Illinois Colleges)

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