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Overview

Introduction to Springfield

Springfield, Illinois has a lot to offer its residents, including museums, historic sites, special events, and cultural activities. Springfield is an All-American Midwestern city located between Chicago and St. Louis on historic Route 66. The city was founded in 1819, and it has been the county seat since 1823 and the capital since 1837. It has a population of around 111,000. The city is well-known for being the home of Abraham Lincoln, who spent 30 years living in Springfield. The Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum is a state-of-the-art facility that offers a glimpse into this important part of Springfield’s past. Shopping, nightlife, dining, and year-round festivals make the city an exciting place to live.

Springfield Culture

Springfield has a variety of cultural festivals that happen throughout the year, including the Old Capitol Art Fair, the International Carillon Festival, the Illinois State Fair, and First Night Springfield. The city is known for its unique shopping, which includes big-city department stores, national discount shopping centers, fashion stores, and small boutiques. The Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum has the most complete collection of Lincoln documents in the world and utilizes the latest in interactive technology to create exciting exhibits. The Illinois State Museum has a variety of collections showcasing Illinois' natural and cultural resources. The Illinois State Library has a large collection of Art in Architecture pieces and supports a growing local arts movement.

Springfield Sports and Leisure

Springfield is the home of Jr. Blues Hockey, which are now under new ownership and management. The team continues to get better and better and has the chance to dominate their Division. Springfield is an excellent place for golf lovers, with many courses such as Bergen Park Golf Course, Brookhills Golf Club Inc., Bunn Park Golf Course, Country Hills Golf Course Inc., Edgewood Golf Club, Lincoln Greens Golf Course, and Northridge Hills.

Springfield Outdoors

For those who love the outdoors, Springfield provides a wealth of opportunity to enjoy a variety of activities. The Henson Robinson Zoo has more than 300 animals from around the world and hands-on exhibits for kids. The Lincoln Memorial Garden has five miles of wooded trails that give visitors the chance to tour the pristine landscape that Abraham Lincoln once strolled through. Watershed Park is designed as an interactive and educational exhibit focusing on issues of water quality protection, such as soil conservation, urban stormwater runoff, farm and homestead health and safety, and integrated pest management. Washington Park Botanical Garden has lush tropical foliage, rose gardens, perennials, and texture gardens.

Springfield at Night

There are many nighttime attractions in Springfield. Dining is an attraction in itself, with the unique 'horseshoe' sandwich and the popular Cozy Dog. Four-star restaurants, quaint cafes, fast-food, and neighborhood fare give the city a wide variety of dining options. Nightlife heats up with many dance clubs, comedy clubs, taverns, and sports bars to make for an exciting evening any night of the week. Movie theaters are scattered throughout the city, and New Salem State Park has a Theater in the Park program for theater lovers.

People

Total Population 117,061
Male Share of the Population 47.7%
Female Share of the Population 52.3%
Senior Citizens 15.2%
Employed Population 16+ 54,825
Age of the Population 39

Families

% of people married 41.7%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 35.4%
Median Earnings25+ $35,224
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $14,864
Median Earnings With High School Degree $24,445

Wealth

Median Family Income $67,168
% Above Poverty Level 80.5%
% Below Poverty Level 19.5%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 17 minutes
% Working from Home 3.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.4%
% Using Public Transportation 2.4%

Housing

People Living Alone 37.2%
Median Gross Rent $732
Median House Value $120,400

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 31.8%
US/American 0%
English 9.4%
Irish 14.1%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Springfield Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 87 miles NE of St. Louis, Missouri
County Sangamon
Metro Area Springfield
Standard Zip Codes 62701, 62702, 62703, 62704, 62707, 62711, 62712
P.O. Box Zip Codes 62705, 62708, 62791, 62794
Company Zip Codes 62706, 62713, 62715, 62716, 62719, 62721, 62722, 62723, 62726, 62736, 62739, 62746, 62756, 62757, 62761, 62762, 62763, 62764, 62765, 62766, 62767, 62769, 62776, 62777, 62781, 62786, 62796
Phone Area Codes 217
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 39.801
Longitude -89.643

Springfield Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station SPRINGFIELD CAPITAL AP
Distance 4 miles
Jan Temp 17 to 33 F
Apr Temp 42 to 63 F
Jul Temp 66 to 87 F
Oct Temp 44 to 67 F
Annual Precip 35.5 inches
Station MASON CITY 1 W
Distance 27.7 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 33 F
Apr Temp 41 to 65 F
Jul Temp 64 to 87 F
Oct Temp 44 to 67 F
Annual Precip 35.7 inches
Station LINCOLN
Distance 29.2 miles
Jan Temp 15 to 33 F
Apr Temp 39 to 63 F
Jul Temp 64 to 86 F
Oct Temp 41 to 67 F
Annual Precip 38.3 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Springfield, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Andrew (62707)

Archer (62707)

Bissell (62707)

Bradfordton (62707)

Devereux Heights (62707)

Riddle Hill (62707)

Toronto (62707)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Grandview 1,406 $41,250

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Springfield Public Libraries

Library
Lincoln Library
326 SOUTH SEVENTH STREET
Springfield, Illinois
(217) 753-4900

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Springfield Hospitals

ST JOHNS HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
800 E CARPENTER ST
(217) 544-6464
Emergency Service: Yes

MEMORIAL MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
701 N FIRST ST
(217) 788-3000
Emergency Service: Yes

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
 
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Springfield High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

SPRINGFIELD HIGH SCHOOL
101 S LEWIS ST
217-525-3100
Serves 1,433 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.5

SPRINGFIELD SOUTHEAST HIGH SCH
2350 E ASH ST
217-525-3130
Serves 1,361 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20

LANPHIER HIGH SCHOOL
1300 N 11TH ST
217-525-3080
Serves 1,257 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.4

EDWIN A LEE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
1201 BUNN AVE
217-525-3154
A Title I School.
Serves 252 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11

DOUGLAS SCHOOL
444 W REYNOLDS
217-525-4400
A Special Education School
Serves 108 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.8

SANGAMON COUNTY LEARNING ACADEMY
2201 TORONTO STE C
217-529-3390
A Non-traditional School
Serves 48 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6.9

SASED CENTRAL-PROJ ICAN & PACE
2500 TAYLOR AVENUE
217-529-8849
A Special Education School
Serves 39 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 4.3

Additional Details
Springfield Careers
Springfield career and employment information.
Springfield Colleges
Springfield colleges and trade schools.
Study Online in Springfield

Career and College Resources

Real-World Career Reports
Career References and Original Articles
College Directories and Lists
Historic Springfield

photo

C. & A. Chicago and Alton Railroad station between 1900 and 1905

Select a photo to view (Source):

C. & A. Chicago and Alton Railroad station between 1900 and 1905

Lincoln's residence ca. 1900

Lincoln Monument (Oak Ridge Cemetery) between 1900 and 1906

Additional Resources
Info for Springfield Government Officials


Are you an official in the Springfield government or quasi-government agency such as the chamber of commerce, visitors bureau or economic development council? If so, visit our information page for government officials to see how CityTownInfo can support you.

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