Washington, Illinois

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Washington, Illinois

Introduction to Washington, Illinois

Washington, Illinois is 9 miles E of Peoria, Illinois and 121 miles SW of Chicago, Illinois. It is in Tazewell county. The city is part of the Peoria - Pekin metro area. The population of Washington is 10,841.

Washington History

Washington was founded in 1825 by William Holland Sr, who moved to the area from North Carolina. He was hired by the U.S. Government to provide blacksmith services to the local Native Americans. The city was initially named Holland’s Grove in his honor. It was later renamed Washington in honor of the first U.S. President.

Washington and nearby Attractions

  • Washington City Hall
  • Sunnyland Plaza Shopping Center
  • Saint Marks Church
  • West Lake
  • Glendale Cemetery
  • Washington District Library
  • Washington Park

Things To Do In Washington

The West Lake boasts of optimum conditions for fishing, while Candlewood Park, Meadow Valley Park and Washington Park provide plenty of greenery and recreational facilities.

Washington Transportation

Greater Peoria Regional Airport provides air transportation facilities.

Washington Higher Education

Bradley University and Illinois State University provide higher education facilities to the people of Washington.

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High Points

Washington strengths, compared to Peers (similar size places nationally) or State (other places in Illinois):

Category Trophy
College Educated Adults
(vs. State)
Top 16% Washington College Educated Adults

Comparative Profile of Washington, Illinois

Comparing Washington to similar size places nationwide (Peers) and to other places in Illinois (State):

Ratings range from 1 (lowest) to 10 (highest).

The People

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Male Share of the Population 7 7
Well-Paid Single Men 7 8
Well-Paid Single Women 7 8
Children Under 5 Years Old 6 6
Age of the Population 6 5
Senior Citizens 5 4
Female Share of the Population 4 4
Racial Diversity 1 4


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Portion of People Married 9 9
Average Household Size 6 6


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
People in Middle Class or Better 9 9
People Above Poverty 8 8
College Educated Adults 8 9
Median Family Income 8 8

Commute & Sprawl

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Working at Home 8 8
Short Commute Times 6 8
Walking and Biking to Work 5 6
Public Transportation Use 1 1


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Affordability of Rents 6 4
Seasonal and Vacation Housing 5 7
Housing Recently Built 4 6
Affordability of Property Taxes 4 4
People Living Alone 3 3
Studio & One-Bedroom Rentals 3 5

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Washington Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 9 miles E of Peoria, Illinois (center to center)
Nearest Large City 121 miles SW of Chicago, Illinois
County Tazewell
Metro Area Peoria - Pekin
Standard Zip Codes 61571
Phone Area Codes 309
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.703
Longitude -89.407

Washington Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)
Distance 14.7 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 31 F
Apr Temp 40 to 62 F
Jul Temp 65 to 86 F
Oct Temp 42 to 64 F
Annual Precip 36 inches
Station MINONK
Distance 24.5 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 30 F
Apr Temp 38 to 62 F
Jul Temp 62 to 86 F
Oct Temp 41 to 66 F
Annual Precip 37.2 inches
Station MASON CITY 1 W
Distance 38.1 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 33 F
Apr Temp 41 to 65 F
Jul Temp 64 to 87 F
Oct Temp 44 to 67 F
Annual Precip 35.7 inches
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Washington Population (2000)

Category Count Percent
Total Population 10,841 100%
Male 5,291 48.8%
Female 5,550 51.2%
Under 18 2,821 26%
18+ 8,020 74%
65+ 1,413 13%
Median Age 36.8
Average Family Size 3.02
White 10,663 98.4%
African-American 28 0.3%
Asian 46 0.4%
American Indian & Alaskan 9 0.1%
Other 28 0.3%
Mixed Race 67 0.6%
Hispanic (included in categories above) 73 0.7%

Estimated Washington Population Growth 2000-2005

Category Value
Est. 2005 Population 12,759
Growth 1,918
Growth % 17.7%

Washington Ancestry

(From 2000 Census, as reported by individuals)

Note: This is national, not racial, ancestry, so, e.g., the Census doesn't have categories for Hispanic and African-American people. CityTownInfo is currently gathering additional ancestry data for this site.
Ancestry Percent
German 38.3%
English 14.2%
Irish 10.9%
US/American 9.1%
Italian 5%
Other (often includes Hispanic and African American) 3.7%
Scottish 2.3%
French (except Basque) 2.3%
European 1.7%
Swedish 1.6%
Scotch-Irish 1.4%
Norwegian 1.3%
Dutch 1.3%
Polish 1%
Hungarian 0.8%
Danish 0.6%
Welsh 0.5%
Portuguese 0.4%
Scandinavian 0.4%
Austrian 0.3%
Northern European 0.3%
Australian 0.3%
Swiss 0.3%
Arab/Arabic 0.2%
Lithuanian 0.2%
Yugoslavian 0.2%
French Canadian 0.2%
Greek 0.2%
Czech 0.2%
British 0.2%
Latvian 0.2%
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Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Washington, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Beverly Manor (61571)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Pop. Median Family
Income (2000)
Washington 10,841 $61,184
Deer Creek 605 $43,750
Eureka 4,871 $53,590
Germantown Hills 2,111 $79,814
Metamora 2,700 $56,384
Morton 15,198 $62,935
Peoria 112,936 $46,882

Washington Public Libraries

Washington District Library
Washington, Illinois
(309) 444-2241
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Wal-mart in Washington

(As of 2006)
1980 Freedom Parkway
(309) 745-3339
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Featured Colleges in the Washington Area (QuickSchools™)

quickinfoThese schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles).

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Penn Foster College

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  • Programs: Master of Public Health
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Washington High Schools (2004)

Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,054 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.9

Washington Colleges

(List of Illinois Colleges)

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City, State Similarity   1 Person Houses 65+ College Grads Commute Minutes Family Income Kids 0-4 Non White Pop. Poverty Prop. Crime Seasonal Housing Viol. Crime
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1. Pleasant View, Utah 80.9   11% 10.1% 30.5% 24 $66,542 7.6% 4.7% 5,632 2.6% 61.8 0.3% 4.4
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