Introduction to Madison, Indiana

Madison, Indiana is 39 miles NE of Louisville, Kentucky. It is in Jefferson county. The population of the city is 12,004.

Madison History

The first European settlers arrived in Madison as early as 1806. It was officially incorporated as a town on April 1, 1809. It served as the entry point into the Indiana Territory along Old Michigan Road, due to which Madison experienced heavy river traffic during its early years. The community was named in honor of President James Madison. The Madison & Indianapolis Railroad, Indiana's first railroad, was constructed in this area between 1836 and 1847. Madison's downtown area was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.

Madison and nearby Attractions

  • Lanier Mansion State Historic Site
  • Jefferson County Historical Society Museum
  • Clifty Creek Power Plant
  • Big Clifty Creek
  • Calvary Church
  • Baxter Cemetery

Things To Do In Madison

The Lanier Mansion State Historic Site is the Greek revival home of the millionaire, J.F.D. Lanier and can be visited from Madison. For those interested in the local history, a visit to the Jefferson County Historical Society Museum may be interesting. Madison hosts quite a few annual festivals, including the Chautauqua Festival of Art, the Harvest Celebration, the Midsummer Celebration, the Ohio River Valley Folk Festival, the Old Court Days and RibberFest.

Madison Transportation

Louisville International-Standiford Field Airport is close by.

Madison Higher Education

Ivy Tech State College-Southeast is the local institute of higher education. Other institutes nearby include Sullivan University, Bellarmine University and Jefferson Community College.


Total Population 12,054
Male Share of the Population 42.1%
Female Share of the Population 57.9%
Senior Citizens 19.3%
Employed Population 16+ 4,931
Age of the Population 43


% of people married 43.6%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 21.3%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0


Median Family Income $55,221
% Above Poverty Level 84.5%
% Below Poverty Level 15.5%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 20 minutes
% Working from Home 3.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.8%
% Using Public Transportation 0.2%


People Living Alone 33.6%
Median Gross Rent $669
Median House Value $117,300


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 18.9%
US/American 0%
English 11.8%
Irish 11.3%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Madison Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 39 miles NE of Louisville, Kentucky
County Jefferson
Standard Zip Codes 47250
Phone Area Codes 812
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 38.735
Longitude -85.38

Madison Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.1 miles
Jan Temp 23 to 39 F
Apr Temp 43 to 65 F
Jul Temp 66 to 87 F
Oct Temp 45 to 67 F
Annual Precip 46 inches
Station VEVAY
Distance 16.9 miles
Jan Temp 23 to 40 F
Apr Temp 43 to 67 F
Jul Temp 67 to 88 F
Oct Temp 46 to 68 F
Annual Precip 45 inches
Distance 21.8 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 39 F
Apr Temp 43 to 66 F
Jul Temp 65 to 86 F
Oct Temp 44 to 67 F
Annual Precip 44.5 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Madison, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Jefferson Proving Ground (47250)

North Madison (47250)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Dupont 276 $61,250
Hanover 3,495 $43,654
North Vernon 6,895 $47,069
Scottsburg 6,677 $46,707
Vernon 382 $46,250
Vevay 1,471 $49,091

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Madison Public Libraries

Madison-jefferson County Pl
Madison, Indiana
(812) 265-2744
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Madison Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(812) 265-0105
Emergency Service: Yes

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Madison High Schools

Serves 1,007 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.4

Madison Colleges

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