Introduction to Oskaloosa, Iowa

Oskaloosa, Iowa, in Mahaska county, is located 54 miles E of Des Moines, Iowa (center to center) and is 171 miles E of Omaha, Nebraska. There are 10,938 residents in the city.

Oskaloosa History

Oskaloosa got its name from Ouscaloosa, who according to the legend was a Creek princess. The princess married the chief of Osceola, named Seminole. The name means "last of the beautiful". The first white settlers who came to the city in 1835 were led by Nathan Boone. It was officially platted in 1844 and also became a county in the same year.

Oskaloosa and nearby Attractions

  • Southern Iowa Fairgrounds
  • McGrew Fine Arts Center
  • Heartland Square Mall
  • Hewitt Jaycee Park
  • Nelson Pioneer Farm & Crafts Museum

Things To Do In Oskaloosa

Tourists in Oskaloosa can visit several parks in the city including Keating Jaycee Park, City Square Park, and the Frederick Logan Historical Marker. The Nelson Pioneer Farm & Crafts Museum is the best hangout for the history and art lovers of the city. Southern Iowa Fairgrounds is also worth visiting. Shopping is a great activity at the Penn Central Mall and the Heartland Square Mall. Festivals such as the Nelson Pioneer Farm Fall Festival and the Southern Iowa Fair are hosted by the city every year.

Oskaloosa Transportation

Des Moines International Airport offers air transportation opportunities.

Oskaloosa Higher Education

Residents of Oskaloosa can attend the William Penn University, Indian Hills Community College, Des Moines Community College, and Iowa State University.


Total Population 11,558
Male Share of the Population 49.7%
Female Share of the Population 50.3%
Senior Citizens 18%
Employed Population 16+ 5,509
Age of the Population 38


% of people married 44.8%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 23.4%
Median Earnings25+ $33,679
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $24,342
Median Earnings With High School Degree $21,235


Median Family Income $52,773
% Above Poverty Level 79.9%
% Below Poverty Level 20.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 17 minutes
% Working from Home 2.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 7.4%
% Using Public Transportation 1%


People Living Alone 37.7%
Median Gross Rent $584
Median House Value $98,400


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 14.1%
US/American 0%
English 10.8%
Irish 14.9%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Oskaloosa Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 54 miles E of Des Moines, Iowa (center to center)
Nearest Large City 171 miles E of Omaha, Nebraska
County Mahaska
Standard Zip Codes 52577
Phone Area Codes 641
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 41.296
Longitude -92.644

Oskaloosa Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.4 miles
Jan Temp 10 to 29 F
Apr Temp 37 to 61 F
Jul Temp 64 to 85 F
Oct Temp 41 to 64 F
Annual Precip 36.9 inches
Station ALBIA 3 NNE
Distance 17.5 miles
Jan Temp 11 to 29 F
Apr Temp 39 to 60 F
Jul Temp 65 to 85 F
Oct Temp 42 to 64 F
Annual Precip 37.6 inches
Distance 23.2 miles
Jan Temp 10 to 29 F
Apr Temp 38 to 60 F
Jul Temp 63 to 85 F
Oct Temp 40 to 63 F
Annual Precip 35.3 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Oskaloosa, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Evans (52577)

Keomah (52577)

Wright (52577)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Beacon 573 $37,500
Eddyville 1,333 $55,833
Leighton 168 $65,000

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Oskaloosa Public Libraries

Oskaloosa Public Library
Oskaloosa, Iowa
(641) 673-0441
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
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Oskaloosa High Schools

Serves 592 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.2

Oskaloosa Colleges

Click school name for a detailed profile.

Additional Details
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