Introduction to Atchison, Kansas

Atchison, Kansas, in Atchison county, is located 20 miles SW of St. Joseph, Missouri (center to center) and is 43 miles NW of Kansas City, Missouri. The city has a population of 10,232.

Atchison History

Atchison is the county seat of Atchison County, and was founded in 1854. It is named after Senator David Rice Atchison who was instrumental in the founding of the city. In April 1855, the first post office of the city was established. In June 1855, freighters selected Atchison as the outfitting point. Atchison was incorporated on August 30, 1855. A flax mill and manufacturing firms were built in the area in the 1860s and 1870s. An important commercial enterprise of the city, the Atchison Foundry and Machine Works, also began around that time.

Atchison and nearby Attractions

  • Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum
  • Atchison County Historical Society Museum
  • Muchnic Art Gallery
  • Lewis and Clark State Park
  • Weston Bend State Park

Things To Do In Atchison

While in the city you can visit the Atchison Rail Museum, Evah C. Cray Historical Home Museum, and the Frontier Army Museum. The Albrecht - Kemper Museum of Art has a collection of American Art from the 18th to 20th century. You can also check out the Atchison Mall and the West Atchison Mall. Every year the city hosts the Amelia Earhart Festival, Elks Barbecue State Championship, and Riverbend Art Fair.

Atchison Transportation

One can avail air transportation from Kansas City International Airport.

Atchison Higher Education

Benedictine College, Missouri Western State College, Park University, Kansas City Kansas Community College, and other colleges and universities offer higher educational facilities.


Total Population 10,858
Male Share of the Population 45.8%
Female Share of the Population 54.2%
Senior Citizens 13.2%
Employed Population 16+ 4,758
Age of the Population 29


% of people married 35.6%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 22.8%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0


Median Family Income $55,121
% Above Poverty Level 76%
% Below Poverty Level 24%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 19 minutes
% Working from Home 6.7%
% Walking and Biking to Work 11%
% Using Public Transportation %


People Living Alone 39.5%
Median Gross Rent $578
Median House Value $80,600


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 20%
US/American 0%
English 13%
Irish 16.3%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Atchison Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 20 miles SW of St. Joseph, Missouri (center to center)
Nearest Large City 43 miles NW of Kansas City, Missouri
County Atchison
Standard Zip Codes 66002
Phone Area Codes 913
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 39.563
Longitude -95.121

Atchison Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 0.4 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 36 F
Apr Temp 42 to 66 F
Jul Temp 68 to 89 F
Oct Temp 45 to 68 F
Annual Precip 37.5 inches
Distance 18.4 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 37 F
Apr Temp 42 to 66 F
Jul Temp 67 to 90 F
Oct Temp 43 to 70 F
Annual Precip 35.2 inches
Station HORTON
Distance 22.2 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 38 F
Apr Temp 42 to 67 F
Jul Temp 67 to 91 F
Oct Temp 44 to 70 F
Annual Precip 37.2 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Atchison, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Potter (66002)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Denton 162 $82,000
Easton 352 $0
Effingham 621 $50,250
Lancaster 315 $65,625
Nortonville 529 $60,446

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Atchison Public Libraries

Atchison Library
Atchison, Kansas
(913) 367-1902
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Atchison Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(913) 367-6691
Emergency Service: Yes

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Atchison High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

1500 W. RILEY ST
Serves 497 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.2

1900 NORTH 2ND
A Non-traditional School
Serves 62 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 4.8

Atchison Colleges

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