Introduction to Colby, Kansas

Colby, Kansas is located 201 miles E of Aurora, Colorado. It is in Thomas county, and has a population of 5,450.

Colby History

Colby is the county seat of Thomas County, which was founded on October 8, 1885 and was named for George Henry Thomas. The City of Colby was named in honor of J.R. Colby. He was a settler and is credited with having published the first newspaper in the county.

Colby and nearby Attractions

  • Prairie Museum of Art & History
  • Fick Fossil and History Museum
  • Lake Scott State Park

Things To Do In Colby

You can check out the Landmark United Pentecostal Church, Colby Lutheran Church, and the Colby United Methodist Church. One can also visit the Colby/Pioneer Memorial Library. The Rock Creek Lake State Recreation Area offers facilities for picnic, camping, and boating. Every year the city also hosts the Pickin' on the Plains Bluegrass Festival in the month of July. It is also home to the Thomas County Fair.

Colby Transportation

One can avail air transportation from Garden City Regional Airport.

Colby Higher Education

Colby Community College, Fort Hays State University, University of Nebraska at Kearney, and Barton County Community College offer opportunities for higher education.


Total Population 5,450
Male Share of the Population 47.6%
Female Share of the Population 52.4%
Senior Citizens 16%
Employed Population 16+ 3,067
Age of the Population 33


% of people married 52.6%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 26.2%
Median Earnings25+ $32,310
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $34,479
Median Earnings With High School Degree $22,632


Median Family Income $67,083
% Above Poverty Level 88.9%
% Below Poverty Level 11.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 8 minutes
% Working from Home 5.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.3%
% Using Public Transportation 0.1%


People Living Alone 35.1%
Median Gross Rent $451
Median House Value $101,100


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 9.7%
US/American 0%
English 14.3%
Irish 16.1%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Colby Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 201 miles E of Aurora, Colorado
County Thomas
Standard Zip Codes 67701
Phone Area Codes 785
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 39.395
Longitude -101.051

Colby Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station COLBY 1 SW
Distance 0.8 miles
Jan Temp 12 to 39 F
Apr Temp 33 to 63 F
Jul Temp 61 to 90 F
Oct Temp 35 to 68 F
Annual Precip 20.7 inches
Station WINONA
Distance 25.1 miles
Jan Temp 15 to 41 F
Apr Temp 35 to 65 F
Jul Temp 62 to 91 F
Oct Temp 38 to 69 F
Annual Precip 19.3 inches
Station HOXIE
Distance 32.2 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 40 F
Apr Temp 36 to 65 F
Jul Temp 63 to 91 F
Oct Temp 38 to 69 F
Annual Precip 21.3 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Brewster 250 $65,000
Oakley 1,914 $63,378
Rexford 235 $56,250

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Colby Public Libraries

Colby/pioneer Memorial Library
Colby, Kansas
(785) 462-4470

library logo

More Information for Librarians

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
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Colby High Schools

Serves 377 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.1

Colby Colleges

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Info for Colby Government Officials

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