Introduction to Richmond, Kentucky

The Kentucky city of Richmond, county seat of Madison County, is located 26 miles south of Lexington and 110 miles southeast of Louisville. The metropolitan area of Cincinnati, Ohio, sits about 112 miles north of the city. Richmond is serviced by Interstate Highways I-64 and I-75 in conjunction with U.S. Route 25 and Kentucky State Highway 52. The city is home to Eastern Kentucky University.

Shortly after its founding in 1798 by Colonel John Miller, a soldier in the Revolutionary War, Richmond replaced nearby Milford as the county seat. The city was named in honor of Miller's birthplace (Richmond, Virginia). In 1906, the state General Assembly enacted legislation to establish the Eastern Kentucky State Normal School, which would undergo several name changes in subsequent years; starting with Eastern Kentucky State Normal School, then Eastern Kentucky State Teachers College, and then Eastern Kentucky State College, before finally settling in as Eastern Kentucky University. While continuing to recognize its historic function of preparing quality teachers for Kentucky's elementary and secondary schools, the University today offers a strong liberal arts curriculum leading to a wide variety of degrees.

Things to do in Richmond

One of Kentucky's fastest-growing cities, Richmond boasts a wide variety of theaters, live entertainment, cultural activities, and many areas of scenic and historic interest. Historic Downtown Richmond is one of the finest restored 19th century commercial districts in the Southeast. The Irvinton House Museum is an opulent 1820 mansion complete with its original furnishings. White Hall State Historic Site is the former home of emancipationist and publisher Cassius Marcellus Clay, who was also U. S. minister to Russia and a close friend of Abraham Lincoln. Twelve miles to the north of the city is Fort Boonesborough State Park, the site of a famous Kentucky settlement established by Daniel Boone in 1775. The site has been reconstructed as a working fort which also houses The Kentucky River Museum, depicting life on the river as it was circa-1900. Other area attractions include the following:

  • Bybee Pottery: In business since 1809
  • The Hummel Planetarium and Space Theater at Eastern Kentucky University
  • Daniel Boone Monument
  • Lake Reba Recreational Complex
  • Madison County Courthouse
  • Richmond Area Arts Center
  • Richmond Cemetery
  • Richmond Raceway
  • Jolly Time Arcade

The Eastern Kentucky University athletic program is responsible for some top-notch collegiate sports action in Richmond. The University's sports teams, known as the Colonels, compete in the NCAA's Division I (I-AA for football) as members of the Ohio Valley Conference. The Colonels have a tradition of success. The football team has claimed 16 conference titles and two Division I-AA National Championships (1979, 1982). More recently, the University's men's and women's basketball teams both won their respective Ohio Valley Conference tournament championships in 2005.

Minor League Baseball can be found a half-hour north of the city in nearby Lexington. The Lexington Legends, who play in the South Atlantic League, are a Class-A affiliate of Major League Baseball's Houston Astros. Major League action is about two hours away in the city of Cincinnati, Ohio. There, fans can watch Major League Baseball's Cincinnati Reds or the National Football League's Cincinnati Bengals. Minor-league teams in Cincinnati include the Kings, a soccer team in the 2nd division of the United Soccer League (USL); the Cyclones, a hockey team competing in the East Coast Hockey League (ECHL); and the Excite, a team in the American Indoor Soccer League (AISL).

A two-hour drive in the westerly direction brings thoroughbred racing fans to Louisville, home of Churchill Downs. This legendary racetrack is home to the world-famous Kentucky Derby, the first leg of racing's Triple Crown, held on the first Saturday in May every year.


Total Population 32,574
Male Share of the Population 47.7%
Female Share of the Population 52.3%
Senior Citizens 10.1%
Employed Population 16+ 15,173
Age of the Population 27


% of people married 28.3%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 31.7%
Median Earnings25+ $27,252
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $13,846
Median Earnings With High School Degree $23,209


Median Family Income $43,330
% Above Poverty Level 68.1%
% Below Poverty Level 31.9%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 20 minutes
% Working from Home 2.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 7%
% Using Public Transportation 0.5%


People Living Alone 39.1%
Median Gross Rent $628
Median House Value $135,400


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 26.6%
US/American 0%
English 10%
Irish 13.3%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Richmond Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 19 miles SE of Lexington, Kentucky
County Madison
Metro Area Lexington
Standard Zip Codes 40475
P.O. Box Zip Codes 40476
Phone Area Codes 859
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 37.747
Longitude -84.294

Richmond Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 2.1 miles
Jan Temp 23 to 41 F
Apr Temp 43 to 66 F
Jul Temp 66 to 86 F
Oct Temp 45 to 68 F
Annual Precip 46.3 inches
Station DIX DAM
Distance 23.4 miles
Jan Temp 26 to 43 F
Apr Temp 45 to 68 F
Jul Temp 67 to 87 F
Oct Temp 47 to 70 F
Annual Precip 45.7 inches
Distance 26.4 miles
Jan Temp 23 to 41 F
Apr Temp 43 to 65 F
Jul Temp 66 to 86 F
Oct Temp 45 to 68 F
Annual Precip 48.8 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Berea 14,454 $48,845
Crab Orchard 1,002 $29,427
Irvine 2,223 $40,385
Lancaster 3,814 $30,775
Nicholasville 28,843 $50,332
Winchester 18,388 $49,435

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Richmond Public Libraries

Madison County Public Library
Richmond, Kentucky
(859) 623-6704
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Richmond Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(859) 623-3131
Emergency Service: Yes

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Richmond High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

705 N 2ND ST
Serves 1,451 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.4

Serves 235 students.

A Non-traditional School
Serves 18 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 3.6

Richmond Colleges

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