Introduction to Augusta, Maine

Augusta, located in Kennebec County is the capital of Maine and is situated near the Kennebec River. The city was named after Augusta Dearborn who was the daughter of the statesman Henry Dearborn who fought in the American Revolutionary War. In 1849 Augusta was chartered as a city.


In 1629 a community was established by English settlers who came from Plymouth Colony. The settlement was primarily a trading post and took the Indian name "Cushnoc" which translates to "head of tide." Fort Western, recognized as the oldest wooden fort in the country, was constructed at Cushnoc in 1754 and utilized as a supply depot and also provided protection for people living in the area. Benedict Arnold and his soldiers briefly stayed at the fort before moving on to partake in the Battle of Quebec.

The region offered very fertile soil for agriculture and the nearby streams were utilized for water power by industries in the Augusta area. The city became known as a mill town after the arrival of the Kennebec & Portland Railroad in 1851. The town also became a center for publishing and shipping. Maine was recognized as a state in 1870 and Augusta became the capital in 1827.


Augusta is home to some of the best golf courses in the state of Maine. The Kennebec Valley is well known for outdoor recreation, including bicycle riding, canoeing, fishing and hiking.


There are numerous noteworthy sites in Augusta including:

  • The Maine State Museum features exhibits of Maine's natural history, archaeology, agricultural history, industrial history and natural resources
  • The Old Western Fort is recognized as a National Historic Landmark
  • The State Capital Building offers tours to the public
  • Belgrade Lakes
  • Maine Military Historical Society Museum
  • Children's Discovery Museum
  • The Pine Tree State Arboretum features more than 200 species of trees
  • Kennebec River Rail Trail
  • Augusta Civic Center
  • Historic Hallowell is known as "the gem of the Kennebec." It provides visitors with an atmosphere similar to an old world village.


The city is served by the Augusta State Airport.

Higher Education

The University of Maine at Augusta offers students a wide variety of degrees and features the Danforth Art Gallery.


Total Population 18,772
Male Share of the Population 48%
Female Share of the Population 52%
Senior Citizens 18.9%
Employed Population 16+ 8,551
Age of the Population 44


% of people married 40.9%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 24.9%
Median Earnings25+ $30,188
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $22,788
Median Earnings With High School Degree $23,134


Median Family Income $51,495
% Above Poverty Level 80.3%
% Below Poverty Level 19.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 17 minutes
% Working from Home 3.7%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.6%
% Using Public Transportation 0.2%


People Living Alone 39.3%
Median Gross Rent $678
Median House Value $133,900


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 16.8%
US/American 0.1%
English 20.8%
Irish 18.8%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Augusta Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 50 miles NE of Portland, Maine (center to center)
Nearest Large City 149 miles NE of Boston, Massachusetts
County Kennebec
Standard Zip Codes 04330
P.O. Box Zip Codes 04332, 04338
Company Zip Codes 04333, 04336
Phone Area Codes 207
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 44.31
Longitude -69.78

Augusta Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.1 miles
Jan Temp 11 to 29 F
Apr Temp 34 to 53 F
Jul Temp 60 to 81 F
Oct Temp 39 to 58 F
Annual Precip 42.3 inches
Distance 6.5 miles
Jan Temp 7 to 29 F
Apr Temp 33 to 52 F
Jul Temp 58 to 80 F
Oct Temp 37 to 58 F
Annual Precip 43.9 inches
Distance 21.8 miles
Jan Temp 12 to 30 F
Apr Temp 34 to 53 F
Jul Temp 58 to 79 F
Oct Temp 39 to 57 F
Annual Precip 46.9 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Augusta, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Togus (04330)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Chelsea 2,710 $63,417
Farmingdale 1,969 $24,766
Gardiner 5,697 $60,000
Hallowell 2,514 $63,292
Manchester 2,565 $82,500
West Gardiner 3,419 $72,965

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Augusta Public Libraries

Augusta - Lithgow Public Library
Augusta, Maine
(207) 626-2415
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Augusta Hospitals

Togus VA Medical Center
1 VA Center
(207) 623-8411 or (877) 421-8263
Emergency Service:

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Augusta High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 946 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.7

RR 7 BOX 2520
A Vocational School

Augusta Colleges

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