Introduction to Cumberland, Maryland

Cumberland, Maryland, in Allegany county, is 74 miles W of Frederick, Maryland and 85 miles SE of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The city is home to some 21,518 residents.

Cumberland History

Cumberland was established in 1787 and officially incorporated in 1815. The community was named in honor of Prince William, the Duke of Cumberland and the son of King George II. It was originally the site of Old Fort Cumberland, an immensely important site at the time of the French and Indian War which also served as Colonel George Washington’s outpost. His first military headquarters was constructed in the same place. Cumberland is the county seat of Allegany County, which was established in 1789.

Cumberland and nearby Attractions

  • George Washington's Office Museum
  • Green Ridge State Forest
  • Western Maryland Scenic Railroad
  • Willa Cather Birthplace
  • Holsopple Train Station
  • Big Run State Park

Things To Do In Cumberland

A walk along the heritage Western Maryland Scenic Railroad enables people to take a look around historic sites and attractions like the Allegany County Museum, the Canal Place Heritage Area, the Gordon-Roberts House and the C&O Canal. The railroad also operates excursion trains, specialty trains and murder mystery trains. The Thrasher Carriage Museum showcases collections of horse-drawn vehicles together with sleighs, carts and funeral wagons. The Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters Museum, George Washington's Office Museum, the Shenandoah Valley Discovery Museum and the Fort Bedford Museum are some other nearby museums and historical sites. Local parks include the Herrington Manor State Park, the Casselman River Bridge State Park, the Laurel Mountain State Park, Warriors Path State Park and Kooser State Park. In addition, the community hosts annual festivals like Oktoberfest, Heritage Days and the Canal Fest/ Rail Fest.

Cumberland Transportation

Washington Dulles International is the closest major airport.

Cumberland Higher Education

Cumberland is home to the Allegany College of Maryland. Frostburg State University, Lord Fairfax Community College and Shepherd College are all close by as well.


Total Population 20,449
Male Share of the Population 48.7%
Female Share of the Population 51.3%
Senior Citizens 18.8%
Employed Population 16+ 7,833
Age of the Population 41


% of people married 39%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 17.8%
Median Earnings25+ $26,546
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $15,282
Median Earnings With High School Degree $19,572


Median Family Income $44,863
% Above Poverty Level 74.9%
% Below Poverty Level 25.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 17 minutes
% Working from Home 2.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 7.3%
% Using Public Transportation 1.3%


People Living Alone 40.8%
Median Gross Rent $586
Median House Value $88,900


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 19.6%
US/American 0%
English 9.9%
Irish 17.6%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Cumberland Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 74 miles W of Frederick, Maryland (center to center)
Nearest Large City 85 miles SE of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
County Allegany
Metro Area Cumberland
Standard Zip Codes 21502
P.O. Box Zip Codes 21501, 21503, 21504, 21505
Phone Area Codes 301
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 39.652
Longitude -78.762

Cumberland Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.5 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 40 F
Apr Temp 39 to 67 F
Jul Temp 62 to 87 F
Oct Temp 40 to 67 F
Annual Precip 37.2 inches
Distance 21.9 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 33 F
Apr Temp 37 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 80 F
Oct Temp 40 to 60 F
Annual Precip 39.5 inches
Distance 32.5 miles
Jan Temp 15 to 33 F
Apr Temp 34 to 58 F
Jul Temp 57 to 79 F
Oct Temp 37 to 60 F
Annual Precip 41.3 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Cumberland, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Cresaptown (21502, 21505)

Lavale (21502, 21504)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Barton 532 $51,875
Frostburg 8,759 $79,821
Grantsville 819 $47,321
Lonaconing 1,088 $53,906
Midland 651 $62,813
Westernport 2,059 $62,500

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Cumberland Public Libraries

Allegany County Library System
Cumberland, Maryland
(301) 777-1200
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Cumberland Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(301) 723-4000
Emergency Service: Yes

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(301) 723-4200
Emergency Service: Yes

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Cumberland High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 969 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.9

Serves 794 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.3

A Non-traditional School
Serves 5 students.

Cumberland Colleges

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