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Overview

Introduction to Cumberland, Maryland

Cumberland, Maryland, in Allegany county, is 74 miles W of Frederick, Maryland and 85 miles SE of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The city is home to some 21,518 residents.

Cumberland History

Cumberland was established in 1787 and officially incorporated in 1815. The community was named in honor of Prince William, the Duke of Cumberland and the son of King George II. It was originally the site of Old Fort Cumberland, an immensely important site at the time of the French and Indian War which also served as Colonel George Washington’s outpost. His first military headquarters was constructed in the same place. Cumberland is the county seat of Allegany County, which was established in 1789.

Cumberland and nearby Attractions

  • George Washington's Office Museum
  • Green Ridge State Forest
  • Western Maryland Scenic Railroad
  • Willa Cather Birthplace
  • Holsopple Train Station
  • Big Run State Park

Things To Do In Cumberland

A walk along the heritage Western Maryland Scenic Railroad enables people to take a look around historic sites and attractions like the Allegany County Museum, the Canal Place Heritage Area, the Gordon-Roberts House and the C&O Canal. The railroad also operates excursion trains, specialty trains and murder mystery trains. The Thrasher Carriage Museum showcases collections of horse-drawn vehicles together with sleighs, carts and funeral wagons. The Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters Museum, George Washington's Office Museum, the Shenandoah Valley Discovery Museum and the Fort Bedford Museum are some other nearby museums and historical sites. Local parks include the Herrington Manor State Park, the Casselman River Bridge State Park, the Laurel Mountain State Park, Warriors Path State Park and Kooser State Park. In addition, the community hosts annual festivals like Oktoberfest, Heritage Days and the Canal Fest/ Rail Fest.

Cumberland Transportation

Washington Dulles International is the closest major airport.

Cumberland Higher Education

Cumberland is home to the Allegany College of Maryland. Frostburg State University, Lord Fairfax Community College and Shepherd College are all close by as well.

People

Total Population 20,557
Male Share of the Population 48.2%
Female Share of the Population 51.8%
Senior Citizens 19.6%
Employed Population 16+ 7,996
Age of the Population 42

Families

% of people married 38.8%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 17.3%
Median Earnings25+ $27,163
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $15,958
Median Earnings With High School Degree $20,625

Wealth

Median Family Income $44,656
% Above Poverty Level 76.3%
% Below Poverty Level 23.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 16 minutes
% Working from Home 2.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 7%
% Using Public Transportation 0.9%

Housing

People Living Alone 39.9%
Median Gross Rent $581
Median House Value $91,600

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 19.2%
US/American 0%
English 10.2%
Irish 17.2%

Cumberland Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 74 miles W of Frederick, Maryland (center to center)
Nearest Large City 85 miles SE of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
County Allegany
Metro Area Cumberland
Standard Zip Codes 21502
P.O. Box Zip Codes 21501, 21503, 21504, 21505
Phone Area Codes 301
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 39.652
Longitude -78.762

Cumberland Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station CUMBERLAND 2
Distance 1.5 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 40 F
Apr Temp 39 to 67 F
Jul Temp 62 to 87 F
Oct Temp 40 to 67 F
Annual Precip 37.2 inches
Station SAVAGE RIVER DAM
Distance 21.9 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 33 F
Apr Temp 37 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 80 F
Oct Temp 40 to 60 F
Annual Precip 39.5 inches
Station STOYSTOWN
Distance 32.5 miles
Jan Temp 15 to 33 F
Apr Temp 34 to 58 F
Jul Temp 57 to 79 F
Oct Temp 37 to 60 F
Annual Precip 41.3 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Cumberland, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Cresaptown (21502, 21505)

Lavale (21502, 21504)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Barton 537 $53,750
Frostburg 8,802 $75,208
Grantsville 802 $51,000
Lonaconing 1,149 $55,521
Midland 639 $53,333
Westernport 1,807 $54,107

Cumberland Public Libraries

Library
Allegany County Library System
31 WASHINGTON STREET
Cumberland, Maryland
(301) 777-1200
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Cumberland Hospitals

MEMORIAL HOSPITAL & MEDICAL CENTER OF CUMBERLAND
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
600 MEMORIAL AVE
(301) 723-4000
Emergency Service: Yes

SACRED HEART HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
900 SETON DRIVE
(301) 723-4200
Emergency Service: Yes

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
 
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Cumberland High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

FORT HILL HIGH
500 GREENWAY AVE
301-777-2570
Serves 969 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.9

ALLEGANY HIGH
616 SEDGWICK ST
301-777-8110
Serves 794 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.3

ALLEGANY COUNTY HOME & HOSPITAL
108 WASHINGTON ST
301-759-2051
A Non-traditional School
Serves 5 students.

Additional Details
Cumberland Colleges
Cumberland colleges and trade schools.
Cumberland Careers
Cumberland career and employment information.
Study Online in Cumberland
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Career and College Resources

Real-World Career Reports
Career References and Original Articles
College Directories and Lists
Additional Resources
Info for Cumberland Government Officials


Are you an official in the Cumberland government or quasi-government agency such as the chamber of commerce, visitors bureau or economic development council? If so, visit our information page for government officials to see how CityTownInfo can support you.

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