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Overview

Introduction to Arlington, Massachusetts

Arlington, Massachusetts, in Middlesex county, is 2 miles W of Medford, Massachusetts (center to center) and 6 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts. The city is bordered by the Mystic River and the Mystic Lakes. Arlington has a large number of sites included in the List of Registered Historic Places. The modern community has kept its historic small town appeal. Residents have easy access to Boston and Cambridge. The commuter rail and Red Line subway are popular with commuters.

Arlington History

The colonists acquired land from the Indian tribal leader Nanepashemt's widow. They paid ten pounds with the agreement that the Indians would be able to stay on a portion of the land situated near the Mystic Lakes and be allowed to keep farming and hunting. Arlington was originally established as Menotomy by Europeans in 1635, inside the borders of Cambridge Massachusetts. Paul Revere's renowned ride took him through Menotomy. In 1867 it was renamed Arlington in tribute to those buried at the Arlington National Cemetery.

Captain George Cook constructed the area's first mill in 1637. A battle between the Colonists and the British occurred in Menotomy. In the early days, Arlington was a flourishing farming community. During the middle of the 1800's the ice industry was thriving. A large portion of the ice was transported to the Caribbean and to India by Frederic Tudor. In 1979 the first spreadsheet software program known as VisiCalc was created in Arlington.

Arlington Attractions

  • The Old Schwamb Mill is a notable historic location.
  • The Jason Russell House is a colonial home that has been converted into a museum.
  • Kensington Park Historic District.
  • Prince Hall Mystic Cemetery is the only black Freemason Cemetery in the nation.
  • The water tower located at Park Circle is a replica of the ancient Greek Arsinoeon of Samothrace.
  • Pierce Farm Historic District.
  • The Uncle Sam Memorial Statue pays tribute to native son Samuel Wilson who some regard as the original Uncle Sam.
  • The Cyrus E. Dallin Museum is named after the notable artist and showcases his artwork and sculpture.
  • Arlington Center Historic District.
  • There are a large number of Arlington houses included in the List of Registered Historic Places.
  • Calvary Methodist Church is an historic structure.
  • Locke School is a notable old building.
  • Orvis Road Historic District.

Arlington Activities

Menotomy Rocks Park includes Hills Pond and features trails which traverse through the forest. The Great Meadow includes a swamp area and forest acreage. Spy Pond Park features a scenic trail and the pond is popular for kayaking and canoeing. The Magnolia Field is a popular destination for families. The Minuteman Bikeway is a rail-trail and runs through numerous Arlington neighborhoods.

People

Total Population 44,128
Male Share of the Population 47.1%
Female Share of the Population 52.9%
Senior Citizens 16%
Employed Population 16+ 24,084
Age of the Population 42

Families

% of people married 55.2%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 67.6%
Median Earnings25+ $61,106
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $20,135
Median Earnings With High School Degree $38,103

Wealth

Median Family Income $128,930
% Above Poverty Level 95%
% Below Poverty Level 5%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 31 minutes
% Working from Home 5.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 5.4%
% Using Public Transportation 17.9%

Housing

People Living Alone 32.3%
Median Gross Rent $1,426
Median House Value $522,900

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 21.3%
US/American 0.8%
English 10.9%
Irish 21%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Arlington Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 2 miles W of Medford, Massachusetts (center to center)
Nearest Large City 6 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Standard Zip Codes 02474, 02476
P.O. Box Zip Codes 02475
Phone Area Codes 781
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.415
Longitude -71.156

Arlington Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station READING
Distance 7.1 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 35 F
Apr Temp 35 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 83 F
Oct Temp 39 to 62 F
Annual Precip 48.3 inches
Station BEDFORD
Distance 8 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 35 F
Apr Temp 36 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 83 F
Oct Temp 39 to 62 F
Annual Precip 46.9 inches
Station MIDDLETON
Distance 14.6 miles
Jan Temp 17 to 38 F
Apr Temp 37 to 58 F
Jul Temp 62 to 83 F
Oct Temp 42 to 64 F
Annual Precip 45.3 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Arlington, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Arlington Heights (02475)

East Arlington (02474)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Belmont 25,337 $141,086
Lexington 32,700 $179,144
Medford 57,136 $91,532
Somerville 78,595 $79,263
Winchester 22,075 $168,917

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Arlington Public Libraries

Library
Robbins Library
700 MASSACHUSETTS AVENUE
Arlington, Massachusetts
(781) 316-3200
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
 
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Arlington High Schools

ARLINGTON HIGH
869 MASS AVENUE
781-316-3593
Serves 1,098 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.2

Study Online in Arlington

Career and College Resources

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Info for Arlington Government Officials


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