Introduction to Ayer, Massachusetts

Ayer, Massachusetts is 14 miles W of Lowell, Massachusetts (center to center) and 30 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts.

Ayer History

Originally an agricultural community, the first mill was built in Ayer in 1667. The Nipmuc Indians, the first inhabitants, called the area Nainacocius. The town, originally part of Groton, was also known as Groton Junction and South Groton. In 1871, it was incorporated as the town of Ayer. It was named for Dr. James Cook Ayer, who was a patent-medicine manufacturer who provided the funds to construct the Ayer Town Hall.

Ayer and Nearby Attractions

  • Hands on Art Museum
  • Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge
  • Wyman's Beach
  • Shirley Historical Society Museum
  • Willard Brook State Forest
  • Nashoba Valley Ski Area

Things To Do In Ayer

The Ayer Library and the Hands on Art Museum are not far from Ayer. The Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge is also only a short distance away by the Nashua River. The Shirley Historical Society Museum, Discovery Museums, Middlesex Canal Museum, and Fruitland Museums are some of the areas museums. Local parks include the Wachusett Mountain State Reservation, the Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, the Marshall State Forest, and the Silver Lake State Park.

Ayer Transportation

Worcester Regional Airport is a major airport in close proximity.

Ayer Higher Education

The closest colleges to Ayer are Middlesex Community College, Fitchburg State College, and Brandeis University.


Total Population 3,103
Male Share of the Population 50.2%
Female Share of the Population 49.8%
Senior Citizens 14.8%
Employed Population 16+ 1,537
Age of the Population 44


% of people married 48.9%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 30.4%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0


Median Family Income $70,123
% Above Poverty Level 89.7%
% Below Poverty Level 10.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 32 minutes
% Working from Home 1.8%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.7%
% Using Public Transportation 1.7%


People Living Alone 34.7%
Median Gross Rent $911
Median House Value $270,400


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 24.4%
US/American 0.9%
English 11.9%
Irish 20.4%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Ayer Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 14 miles W of Lowell, Massachusetts (center to center)
Nearest Large City 30 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Standard Zip Codes 01432, 01434
Phone Area Codes 978
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.561
Longitude -71.59

Ayer Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 12.1 miles
Jan Temp 15 to 33 F
Apr Temp 37 to 55 F
Jul Temp 63 to 81 F
Oct Temp 40 to 61 F
Annual Precip 49.1 inches
Station LOWELL
Distance 12.9 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 33 F
Apr Temp 35 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 85 F
Oct Temp 38 to 62 F
Annual Precip 43.1 inches
Distance 16.5 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 35 F
Apr Temp 36 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 83 F
Oct Temp 39 to 62 F
Annual Precip 46.9 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Ayer, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Devens (01432, 01434)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Boxborough 5,137 $158,606
Groton 1,081 $135,048
Harvard 6,567 $140,365
Littleton 9,359 $130,450
Pepperell 2,245 $73,333
Shirley 1,283 $93,456

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Ayer Public Libraries

Ayer Public Library
Ayer, Massachusetts
(978) 772-8250

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Ayer Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(978) 784-9000
Emergency Service: Yes

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
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Ayer High Schools

Serves 374 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.6

Study Online in Ayer

Career and College Resources

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Info for Ayer Government Officials

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