Introduction to Ayer, Massachusetts

Ayer, Massachusetts is 14 miles W of Lowell, Massachusetts (center to center) and 30 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts. Located in Middlesex County, the population of the town is 7,287.

Ayer History

Originally an agricultural community, the first mill was built in Ayer in 1667. The Nipmuc Indians, the first inhabitants, called the area Nainacocius. The town, originally part of Groton, was also known as Groton Junction and South Groton. In 1871, it was incorporated as the town of Ayer. It was named for Dr. James Cook Ayer, who was a patent-medicine manufacturer who provided the funds to construct the Ayer Town Hall.

Ayer and Nearby Attractions

  • Hands on Art Museum
  • Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge
  • Wyman's Beach
  • Shirley Historical Society Museum
  • Willard Brook State Forest
  • Nashoba Valley Ski Area

Things To Do In Ayer

The Ayer Library and the Hands on Art Museum are not far from Ayer. The Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge is also only a short distance away by the Nashua River. The Shirley Historical Society Museum, Discovery Museums, Middlesex Canal Museum, and Fruitland Museums are some of the areas museums. Local parks include the Wachusett Mountain State Reservation, the Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, the Marshall State Forest, and the Silver Lake State Park.

Ayer Transportation

Worcester Regional Airport is a major airport in close proximity.

Ayer Higher Education

The closest colleges to Ayer are Middlesex Community College, Fitchburg State College, and Brandeis University.


Total Population 2,930
Male Share of the Population 50.1%
Female Share of the Population 49.9%
Senior Citizens 16.8%
Employed Population 16+ 1,541
Age of the Population 45


% of people married 43.9%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 28.7%
Median Earnings25+ $39,053
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $30,972
Median Earnings With High School Degree $26,462


Median Family Income $70,216
% Above Poverty Level 88.2%
% Below Poverty Level 11.8%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 27 minutes
% Working from Home 7.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.7%
% Using Public Transportation 0.9%


People Living Alone 35.4%
Median Gross Rent $843
Median House Value $265,200


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 23.7%
US/American 0.9%
English 10.9%
Irish 18.8%

Ayer Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 14 miles W of Lowell, Massachusetts (center to center)
Nearest Large City 30 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Standard Zip Codes 01432, 01434
Phone Area Codes 978
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.561
Longitude -71.59

Ayer Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 12.1 miles
Jan Temp 15 to 33 F
Apr Temp 37 to 55 F
Jul Temp 63 to 81 F
Oct Temp 40 to 61 F
Annual Precip 49.1 inches
Station LOWELL
Distance 12.9 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 33 F
Apr Temp 35 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 85 F
Oct Temp 38 to 62 F
Annual Precip 43.1 inches
Distance 16.5 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 35 F
Apr Temp 36 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 83 F
Oct Temp 39 to 62 F
Annual Precip 46.9 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Ayer, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Devens (01432, 01434)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Boxborough 5,102 $171,290
Groton 939 $118,285
Harvard 6,558 $150,859
Littleton 9,157 $129,815
Pepperell 2,361 $59,786
Shirley 1,321 $66,538

Ayer Public Libraries

Ayer Public Library
Ayer, Massachusetts
(978) 772-8250

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Ayer Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(978) 784-9000
Emergency Service: Yes

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
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Ayer High Schools

Serves 374 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.6

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Info for Ayer Government Officials

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