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Overview

Introduction to Boston, Massachusetts

Boston, also known as "Beantown" or "The Hub," is one of the largest cities in the United States, and the largest city in both Massachusetts and New England (Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut). Boston is also the capital of the The Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

Boston is located on the eastern Massachusetts coast, at the mouth of the Charles River which separates Boston from Cambridge, and is on Boston Harbor. The Boston Metropolitan area is home to many Fortune 500 company headquarters, including well-recognized names such as Raytheon, Staples, TJX, and EMC. The Boston economy is founded on the education, health care, finance, and technology (information technology and biotechnology) industries. Some of the nation's most well-regarded teaching hospitals are based in Boston, including Massachusetts General Hospital, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Brigham and Women's Hospital. Boston is also home to mutual fund giant Fidelity Investments.

Boston is a city of neighborhoods, from Allston to Roxbury, with the Back Bay, Beacon Hill, Charlestown, Dorchester, East Boston, the North End, and more in between. Each has its own unique character, history, and charm. Boston is physically a relatively compact city and it is a good walking city. It is relatively easy to walk from one of the neighborhoods all the way to the Boston waterfront on Boston Harbor.

Boston History

Boston was founded in 1630 by Puritan colonists from England. Most early settlers of Boston were Puritans, who placed their strong "Puritan ethic" stamp on the city. The Puritans who came to Boston were not terribly tolerant of "other" religions. Many of the surrounding colonies were founded by people fleeing the persecution of the Puritans.

Boston, and the surrounding area, is rich in early American colonial history as well as the history of the American Revolution. The Revolutionary War started outside of Boston, in Concord and Lexington, Massachusetts. Some key dates in Boston's history include:

  • In 1620, the Pilgrims landed in Plymouth, south of Boston, where they founded Plymouth Colony, which would later be incorporated into the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1691
  • In 1635, America's first school, Boston Latin School, was founded
  • In 1636, America's first college, Harvard, was founded in nearby Cambridge
  • On March 5, 1770, the Boston Massacre, an early precursor to the American Revolution, happened in downtown Boston
  • On December 16, 1773, another precursor to the American Revolution, the Boston Tea Party, happened in Boston Harbor when colonists dumped tea off of of three ships to protest English taxation
  • On the night of April 18/19, 1775, Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott made the famous "Midnight Ride" to warn the militias at Lexington and Concord of the approach of British army troops from Boston
  • On April 19, 1775, the "shot heard around the world", the first shots of the American Revolutionary War, happened at the Old North Bridge in nearby Concord, and during the Battle of Lexington and Concord
  • April 19, 1775 through March 17, 1776 was the British occupation of Boston - the Siege of Boston
  • On June 17, 1775, was the Battle of Bunker Hill, an early battle of the Revolution War
  • In 1822, Boston was chartered as a city
  • In 1872, The Great Boston Fire started. The fire took twelve hours to contain and destroyed approximately 65 acres of Boston's downtown
  • In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in Boston
  • In 1917, John F. Kennedy was born in the Boston neighborhood of Brookline

Boston Arts and Culture

Boston is a major center for arts and culture. Boston offers museums, the performing arts, and much more. Some of Boston's more notable museums include:

  • The Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University
  • The Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum
  • The John F. Kennedy Library and Museum
  • The Museum of Fine Arts
  • The Museum of Science
  • The New England Aquarium

For patrons of the performing arts, Boston has many wonderful attractions. Some of the more notable include:

  • The American Repertory Theatre in nearby Cambridge
  • The Bank of America Pavilion, home to world-class acts of all musical genres every summer on Boston Harbor
  • The Boston Ballet
  • The Boston Chamber Music Society
  • The Boston Children's Museum
  • The Boston Lyric Opera
  • The Boston Pops
  • The Boston Symphony Orchestra
  • The Colonial Theatre
  • The Cutler Majestic Theatre at Emerson College
  • The Wang Center for the Performing Arts
  • The Handel & Haydn Society
  • The Huntington Theatre Company
  • The Shubert Theatre
  • The Wilbur Theatre

The Boston area also plays host to numerous festivals every year, including First Night Boston, the Boston Arts Festival, the Boston Blues Festival, the Boston Wine Festival, Boston Harborfest, the Boston Pops 4th of July Concert and Fireworks, St. Patrick Day Parade, and much more.

Boston Sports and Leisure

No city in the United States is as crazy about their sports as Boston. Boston sports fans are legendary for their devotion to their teams. Boston has plenty to offer to fill every sports fan's appetite. Boston is home to the following major sports teams:

  • Baseball - The Major League Baseball (MLB), five-time World Series Champion Boston Red Sox. For individuals who like Minor League Baseball action, the Pawtucket Red Sox play an hour southwest of Boston in Pawtucket, Rhode Island; and the Lowell Spinners play forty minutes northwest of Boston in Lowell, Massachusetts. The Pawtucket Red Sox are a Triple-A affiliate of the Boston Red Sox, and the Lowell Spinners are a Class A Short-Season affiliate of the Boston Red Sox.
  • Basketball - The National Basketball Association (NBA) and sixteen-time NBA champion (most in NBA History) Boston Celtics.
  • Football - The National Football League (NFL), five-time AFC Champion and three-time Super Bowl Champion New England Patriots play close by in Foxboro, Massachusetts.
  • Hockey - The National Hockey League (NHL) and five-time Stanley Cup Champion Boston Bruins. The American Hockey League (AHL) Providence Bruins play an hour southwest of Boston in Providence, Rhode Island.
  • Soccer - The Major League Soccer (MLS) New England Revolution play close by in Foxboro, Massachusetts. In addition, the United Soccer League (USL) USL-W Division Boston Renegades play thirty minutes to the west of Boston in Framingham, Massachusetts.
  • Tennis - The World Team Tennis (WTT) Boston Lobsters.

Boston is also home to the world famous Boston Marathon that is run from Hopkinton to Boston in April of every year.

If an individual's interest turns to outdoor activities, Boston has a lot to offer. Boston is only a couple of hour drive from many of the northeast's premier ski areas in Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont. In addition, wonderful beaches lie a short distance to the north of Boston (north shore) and the south of Boston (south shore). Cape Cod and the Islands of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket, all popular summer destinations, are an hour and a half south of Boston. Boston also offers the highest concentration of National Park sites in the country, with 12 located within 30 miles of downtown.

Boston "Must See" Attractions

Boston has attractions too numerous to do justice in a simple list. Some of Boston's more notable and unique attractions include:

  • Boston Duck Tours, a tour of Boston on board an authentic, renovated World War II amphibious landing vehicle
  • The Boston Common, the country's oldest public park
  • The Boston Tea Party Ship and Museum
  • Faneuil Hall Marketplace (also known as Quincy Market)
  • Fenway Park, home to the Boston Red Sox
  • The Freedom Trail, Boston's 2.5 mile walk through history along the red brick road to 12 historic sites
  • The John F. Kennedy Library and Museum
  • The Old North Bridge in nearby Concord
  • The Old North Church, Boston's oldest church building where the signal was given to launch Paul Revere's ride on April 18, 1775
  • The Paul Revere House/Hichborn House
  • The U.S.S. Constitution and USS Constitution Museum

Boston at Night

If interests turn more to the evening dining and nightclub scene, Boston takes a back seat to no city. The city is full of wonderful eating establishments that span the spectrum of ethnic cuisine. Nearby Cambridge also offers an excellent dining scene. For Boston's night club scene, good places to head include the Faneuil Hall Marketplace area, the Kenmore Square/Fenway Park Area, Allston, and nearby Cambridge. The Boston Globe "Calendar" section is a good source of information on events and happenings, as is the The Boston Phoenix.

People

Total Population 650,281
Male Share of the Population 48%
Female Share of the Population 52%
Senior Citizens 10.5%
Employed Population 16+ 339,130
Age of the Population 32

Families

% of people married 29%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 45.3%
Median Earnings25+ $43,375
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $21,253
Median Earnings With High School Degree $27,721

Wealth

Median Family Income $62,775
% Above Poverty Level 78.5%
% Below Poverty Level 21.5%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 30 minutes
% Working from Home 3.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 16.9%
% Using Public Transportation 33.7%

Housing

People Living Alone 37.1%
Median Gross Rent $1,320
Median House Value $393,600

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 42.9%
US/American 0.3%
English 4.7%
Irish 14.3%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Boston Almanac

Category Value
County Suffolk
Standard Zip Codes 02108, 02109, 02110, 02111, 02113, 02114, 02115, 02116, 02118, 02119, 02120, 02121, 02122, 02124, 02125, 02126, 02127, 02128, 02129, 02130, 02131, 02132, 02133, 02134, 02135, 02136, 02163, 02199, 02203, 02210, 02215, 02222, 02283, 02284
P.O. Box Zip Codes 02101, 02102, 02103, 02104, 02105, 02106, 02107, 02112, 02117, 02123, 02137, 02205, 02208, 02209, 02228
Company Zip Codes 02196, 02201, 02204, 02206, 02207, 02211, 02212, 02216, 02217, 02241, 02266, 02293, 02295, 02297
Phone Area Codes 617
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.358
Longitude -71.06

Boston Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station BOSTON LOGAN INTL AP
Distance 2.3 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 37 F
Apr Temp 41 to 56 F
Jul Temp 66 to 82 F
Oct Temp 46 to 62 F
Annual Precip 42.5 inches
Station BLUE HILL OBS MILTON
Distance 10.2 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 34 F
Apr Temp 37 to 56 F
Jul Temp 62 to 81 F
Oct Temp 43 to 60 F
Annual Precip 51.1 inches
Station HINGHAM
Distance 11.3 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 37 F
Apr Temp 38 to 57 F
Jul Temp 62 to 81 F
Oct Temp 42 to 62 F
Annual Precip 49.8 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Boston, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Allston (02134)

Boston University (02215)

Brighton (02135)

Charlestown (02129)

Dorchester (02122, 02124, 02125, 02121)

Dorchester Center (02124)

East Boston (02128, 02228)

Grove Hall (02121)

Hyde Park (02136, 02137)

Jamaica Plain (02130)

Kenmore (02215)

Mattapan (02126)

Mission Hill (02120)

Readville (02136, 02137)

Roslindale (02131)

Roxbury (02118, 02119, 02120)

Roxbury Crossing (02120)

Soldiers Field (02163)

South Boston (02127)

Uphams Corner (02125)

West Roxbury (02132)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Brookline 59,132 $137,120
Cambridge 107,916 $104,454
Chelsea 37,581 $50,655
Everett 43,885 $54,238
Somerville 78,595 $79,263

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Boston Public Libraries

Library
Boston Public Library
700 BOYLSTON STREET
Boston, Massachusetts
(617) 536-5400
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Boston Hospitals

TUFTS-NEW ENGLAND MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
800 WASHINGTON STREET
(617) 636-5000
Emergency Service: Yes

MASSACHUSETTS EYE AND EAR INFIRMARY
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
243 CHARLES STREET
(617) 523-7900
Emergency Service: Yes

MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
55 FRUIT STREET
(617) 726-2000
Emergency Service: Yes

BRIGHAM AND WOMEN'S HOSPTIAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
75 FRANCIS STREET
(617) 732-5500
Emergency Service: Yes

DANA-FARBER CANCER INSTITUTE
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
44 BINNEY STREET
(617) 632-3000
Emergency Service: No

BOSTON MEDICAL CENTER CORPORATION
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
1 BOSTON MEDICAL CENTER PLACE
(617) 638-8000
Emergency Service: Yes

NEW ENGLAND BAPTIST HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
125 PARKER HILL AVENUE
(617) 754-5800
Emergency Service: No

CARITAS CARNEY HOSPITAL INC
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
2100 DORCHESTER AVENUE
(617) 296-4000
Emergency Service: Yes

FAULKNER HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
1153 CENTRE STREET
(617) 983-7000
Emergency Service: Yes

BETH ISRAEL DEACONESS MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
330 BROOKLINE AVENUE
(617) 667-7000
Emergency Service: Yes

CARITAS ST ELIZABETH'S MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
736 CAMBRIDGE STREET
(617) 789-3000
Emergency Service: Yes

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  • M.Ed. in Curriculum & Instruction: Common Core State Standards Instructional Leader
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Boston High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

BOSTON LATIN
78 AVE LOUIS PASTEUR
617-635-8895
Serves 2,423 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21.6

MADISON PARK HIGH
75 MALCOLM X BLVD
617-635-8970
A Title I School.
Serves 1,669 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14

BOSTON LATIN ACADEMY
205 TOWNSEND STREET
617-635-9957
A Title I School.
Serves 1,645 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21.1

EAST BOSTON HIGH
86 WHITE STREET
617-635-9896
A Title I School.
Serves 1,470 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22.6

WEST ROXBURY SCH
1205 VFW PARKWAY
617-635-8917
A Title I School.
Serves 1,335 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.5

THE ENGLISH HIGH
144 MCBRIDE STREET
617-635-8979
A Title I School.
Serves 1,324 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.1

O'BRYANT SCH MATH/SCIENCE
55 MALCOLM X BLVD
617-635-9932
A Title I School.
Serves 1,291 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.2

BRIGHTON HIGH
25 WARREN STREET
617-635-9873
A Title I School.
Serves 1,280 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.8

CHARLESTOWN HIGH
240 MEDFORD STREET
617-635-9914
A Title I School.
Serves 1,255 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21.5

HYDE PARK HIGH SCHOOL
655 METROPOLITAN AVENUE
617-635-8948
A Title I School.
Serves 1,190 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.8

JEREMIAH E BURKE HIGH
60 WASHINGTON STREET
617-635-9837
A Title I School.
Serves 859 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.5

WILLIAM MCKINLEY
90 WARREN AVENUE
617-635-9976
A Title I School.
Serves 445 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 8.3

SNOWDEN INT'L HIGH
150 NEWBURY STREET
617-635-9989
A Title I School.
Serves 443 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.5

BOSTON COMMUNITY LEADERSHIP ACADEMY
152 ARLINGTON STREET
617-635-8937
Serves 420 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.1

EXCEL HIGH SCHOOL
95 G. STREET
617-635-9870
A Title I School.
Serves 408 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.5

BOSTON ARTS ACADEMY
174 IPSWICH STREET
617-635-6470
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 400 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.2

QUINCY UPPER SCHOOL
900 WASHINGTON STREET
617-635-1515
A Title I School.
Serves 398 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.6

MONUMENT HIGH SCHOOL
95 G. STREET
617-635-9865
A Title I School.
Serves 386 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.5

ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS ACADEMY
9 PEACEVALE ROAD
617-635-8904
A Title I School.
Serves 365 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.6

SO.BOSTON HARBOR ACADEMY CHARTER SCHOOL
7 ELKINS STREET
617-269-7557
A Charter School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 346 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.2

ODYSSEY HIGH SCHOOL
95 G. STREET
617-635-9860
A Title I School.
Serves 345 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.2

ACADEMY OF THE PACIFIC RIM CHARTER SCHOO
1 WESTINGHOUSE PLAZA
617-361-0050
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 327 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.3

ACADEMY OF PUBLIC SERVICE
9 PEACEVALE ROAD
617-635-8910
A Title I School.
Serves 302 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.9

BOSTON ADULT ACADEMY
75 MALCOLM X BLVD
617-635-1542
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 253 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 63.3

FENWAY HIGH SCHOOL
174 IPSWICH STREET
617-635-9911
A Title I School.
Serves 250 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.2

CITY ON A HILL CHARTER SCHOOL
320 HUNTINGTON AVENUE
617-262-9838
A Charter School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 248 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.3

NEW MISSION HIGH SCHOOL
67 ALLEGHANY STREET
617-635-6437
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 234 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 23.4

BOSTON EVENING ACADEMY HMCS SCHOOL
20 KEARSARGE AVE
617-635-6789
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 201 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 9.7

HEALTH CAREERS ACADEMY HMCS SCHOOL
360 HUNTINGTON AVENUE
617-373-8576
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 182 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.7

MEDIA AND TECHNOLOGY CHARTER SCHOOL
1001 COMMONWEALTH AVENUE
617-232-0300
A Charter School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 170 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.4

ANOTHER COURSE TO COLLEGE
20 WARREN STREET
617-635-8865
A Non-traditional School
Serves 157 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 26.2

TECH BOSTON ACADEMY
9 PEACEVALE ROAD
617-635-1615
A Title I School.
Serves 144 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.4

HORACE MANN
40 ARMINGTON STREET
617-635-8534
A Special Education School
A Title I School.
Serves 140 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 3.1

BOSTON INTERNATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
25 GLEN ROAD
617-635-9373
Serves 90 students.

EGLESTON COMM HIGH SCHOOL
3134 WASHINGTON STREET
617-635-6429
Serves 79 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.6

CARTER DEVELOP DAY CARE
396 NORTHAMPTON STREET
617-635-9832
A Title I School.
Serves 24 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6

COMMUNITY ACADEMY
76 SHIRLEY STREET
617-635-7734
A Non-traditional School
Serves 21 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.5

EXPULSION ALT SCHOOL
515 HYDE PARK AVENUE
617-635-8030
A Non-traditional School
Serves 3 students.

YOUNG ADULT CENTER
SUFFOLK SUPERIOR COURT-RM 705
617-725-8133
A Non-traditional School
Serves 1 students.

Additional Details
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Historic Boston

photo

Daniel Webster Statue (State House grounds) between 1900 and 1905

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Daniel Webster Statue (State House grounds) between 1900 and 1905

Horace Mann statue (State House grounds) between 1900 and 1906

Memorial Hall (State House) c1904.

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