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Overview

Introduction to Brookline, Massachusetts

Brookline, Massachusetts, in Norfolk county, is 3 miles SW of Boston, Massachusetts. The town includes numerous distinct neighborhoods and areas. It's also known for upscale stores and village pubs and numerous large estates. It's bordered on three sides by the city of Boston and is regarded as a commuter suburb. Brookline includes a large number of Russian immigrants and a prominent Jewish culture.

The town is home to a large number of professionals and academics and is known for its liberalism. It features one of the oldest country clubs in the United States. The community is recognized for having excellent schools. President John F. Kennedy was born in Brookline.

Brookline History

The first European settlements were established during the early 1600's and the area was known as the Hamlet of Muddy River. In 1705 it was incorporated as Brookline. The name was given due to the brooks that established the town borders with the former towns of Roxbury and Brighton which are now included in the city of Boston. Throughout the years, the citizens of Brookline have refused to let their town become part of Boston. The Brookline-Boston annexation debate of 1873 resulted in the city keeping its independence from Boston.

The railroad arrived during the middle of the 19th century. A large portion of the city was developed as a streetcar suburb which included numerous apartment buildings made from bricks. During the 19th century the town was popular for summer homes for Boston's wealthy citizens.

Brookline Attractions

  • The Edward Devotion House is regarded as one of the oldest colonial buildings in the city
  • The Country Club is an exclusive sporting club and features a well known golf course and has hosted the U.S. Open on several occasions
  • Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site
  • Larz Anderson Park features the Larz Anderson Auto Museum and a one-room school house from the colonial era
  • The John F. Kennedy National Historic site was the birthplace of President Kennedy. It features household furnishings, numerous photographs and a variety of mementos
  • St. Aidan's Church is the location where John F. Kennedy was Christened and the Kennedy family were parishioners. The church has been closed
  • Coolidge Corner is a popular retail area which includes cafes and theaters and features the historic S.S. Pierce Building as well as the Coolidge Corner Theatre
  • The Longyear Museum features exhibits on the life of Mary Baker Eddy, the founder of Christian Science.
  • Brookline Village is an historic area and includes numerous restaurants
  • Washington Square includes notable restaurants and taverns
  • Matt Murphy's Pub is regarded as one of the best Irish pubs in the area

Brookline Activities

The town includes numerous parks. The Larz Anderson Park includes an outdoor skating rink and is popular for sledding. Residents enjoy the entertainment and professional sports located in the Boston area.

Higher Education

The city is home to Newbury College, New England Institute of Art, Pine Manor College and parts of Boston University.

Brookline Transportation

The city is served by the Logan International Airport located in Boston. The city includes light rail service.

People

Total Population 59,132
Male Share of the Population 43.4%
Female Share of the Population 56.6%
Senior Citizens 15.1%
Employed Population 16+ 31,209
Age of the Population 35

Families

% of people married 45.9%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 80.6%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0

Wealth

Median Family Income $137,120
% Above Poverty Level 87.9%
% Below Poverty Level 12.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 29 minutes
% Working from Home 6.8%
% Walking and Biking to Work 21%
% Using Public Transportation 28.6%

Housing

People Living Alone 33.6%
Median Gross Rent $1,897
Median House Value $725,700

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 37.4%
US/American 0.3%
English 8.6%
Irish 12.9%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Brookline Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 3 miles SW of Boston, Massachusetts
County Norfolk
Standard Zip Codes 02445, 02446
P.O. Box Zip Codes 02447
Phone Area Codes 617
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.331
Longitude -71.121

Brookline Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station BOSTON LOGAN INTL AP
Distance 5.9 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 37 F
Apr Temp 41 to 56 F
Jul Temp 66 to 82 F
Oct Temp 46 to 62 F
Annual Precip 42.5 inches
Station BLUE HILL OBS MILTON
Distance 8 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 34 F
Apr Temp 37 to 56 F
Jul Temp 62 to 81 F
Oct Temp 43 to 60 F
Annual Precip 51.1 inches
Station HINGHAM
Distance 12.5 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 37 F
Apr Temp 38 to 57 F
Jul Temp 62 to 81 F
Oct Temp 42 to 62 F
Annual Precip 49.8 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Brookline, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Boston College (02467)

Brookline Village (02447)

Chestnut Hill (02467)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Belmont 25,337 $141,086
Boston 650,281 $62,775
Cambridge 107,916 $104,454
Newton 87,675 $161,101
Somerville 78,595 $79,263

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Brookline Public Libraries

Library
Brookline Public Library
361 WASHINGTON ST.
Brookline, Massachusetts
(617) 730-2370
Library Web Site

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Brookline High Schools

BROOKLINE HIGH
115 GREENOUGH STREET
617-713-5003
Serves 1,925 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.8

Additional Details
Brookline Colleges
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Brookline Graduate Schools
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Historic Brookline

photo

Home of Mrs. Mary Baker Eddy between 1900 and 1910

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Home of Mrs. Mary Baker Eddy between 1900 and 1910

Home of Mrs. Mary Baker Eddy between 1908 and 1910

Along the River Way (Longwood) between 1900 and 1901

Additional Resources
Info for Brookline Government Officials


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