Introduction to Chatham, Massachusetts

Chatham, Massachusetts, in Barnstable county, is 41 miles SE of Plymouth, Massachusetts and 73 miles SE of Boston, Massachusetts. The town benefits from easy access to the nearby cities and towns that it shares the Barnstable-Yarmouth metropolitan area.

Chatham History

Native Americans lived in the area now known as Chatham for at least 10,000 years before the French unsuccessfully tried to capture it in 1606. In 1656, the English purchased stretches of land in the area from the Native Americans. It was named Monomoit, but since it had no resident minister and an insufficient population to support to a church, it could not be incorporated officially. After the population grew, Hugh Adams was appointed resident minister in 1711. The town soon petitioned to be incorporated for a second time, and it was accepted provided the town change its name to Chatham, which sounded more English than Monomoit. It was incorporated on June 11, 1712.

Chatham and nearby Attractions

  • Cape Cod Discovery Museum
  • Josiah Dennis House
  • Nickerson State Park
  • Cape Cod National Seashore
  • Chatham Seaside Links
  • Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge

Things To Do In Chatham

Nearby museums include the Old Atwood House Museum, the Chatham Railroad Museum and the Cape Cod Discovery Museum. Harding Beach and Beachcomber Beach are accessible from Chatham as well. The Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge is a popular local spot.

Chatham Transportation

Air transportation is available from Logan International Airport.

Chatham Higher Education

Nearby colleges and universities include the University of Massachusetts, Bridgewater State College, Massasoit Community College and Quincy College. In addition to these, many online colleges offer degree programs to students in Chatham and the surrounding areas.


Total Population 1,516
Male Share of the Population 50.9%
Female Share of the Population 49.1%
Senior Citizens 29.5%
Employed Population 16+ 650
Age of the Population 53


% of people married 52.7%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 46.3%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0


Median Family Income $88,906
% Above Poverty Level 83%
% Below Poverty Level 17%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 20 minutes
% Working from Home 5.8%
% Walking and Biking to Work 5.1%
% Using Public Transportation 1.1%


People Living Alone 39.3%
Median Gross Rent $728
Median House Value $671,000


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 12.9%
US/American 0.5%
English 13.2%
Irish 14.1%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Chatham Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 41 miles SE of Plymouth, Massachusetts (center to center)
Nearest Large City 73 miles SE of Boston, Massachusetts
County Barnstable
Metro Area Barnstable - Yarmouth
Standard Zip Codes 02633
Phone Area Codes 508
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 41.681
Longitude -69.96

Chatham Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.1 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 38 F
Apr Temp 39 to 50 F
Jul Temp 62 to 75 F
Oct Temp 47 to 60 F
Annual Precip 46.7 inches
Distance 27.9 miles
Jan Temp 23 to 37 F
Apr Temp 37 to 52 F
Jul Temp 63 to 79 F
Oct Temp 45 to 60 F
Annual Precip 41.9 inches
Distance 30.4 miles
Jan Temp 25 to 39 F
Apr Temp 38 to 51 F
Jul Temp 62 to 75 F
Oct Temp 47 to 61 F
Annual Precip 37.4 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Brewster 2,280 $75,331
Dennis 2,551 $95,530
Eastham 4,923 $72,071
Harwich 12,197 $81,049
Orleans 1,669 $75,667
Yarmouth 23,581 $71,210

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Chatham Public Libraries

Eldredge Public Library
564 MAIN ST.
Chatham, Massachusetts
(508) 945-5170

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More Information for Librarians

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
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Chatham High Schools

Serves 218 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 9

Study Online in Chatham

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